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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:D-fructose
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Accession:CHEBI:15824 term browser browse the term
Definition:Fructose is a levorotatory monosaccharide and an isomer of glucose. Although fructose is a hexose (6 carbon sugar), it generally exists as a 5-member hemiketal ring (a furanose).
Synonyms:exact_synonym: D-arabino-hex-2-ulose
 related_synonym: D-Fru;   D-arabino-Hexulose;   D-laevulose;   Formula=C6H12O6;   Fruit sugar;   Laevulose;   Levulose
 alt_id: CHEBI:12923;   CHEBI:20929;   CHEBI:4118
 xref: CAS:57-48-7;   HMDB:HMDB0000660;   KEGG:C00095;   MetaCyc:FRU;   PDBeChem:FRU;   PMID:22735334


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beta-D-fructofuranose 1,6-bisphosphate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Gapdh glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase multiple interactions EXP [GAPDH protein co-treated with fructose-1,6-diphosphate co-treated with NAD] results in increased chemical synthesis of sodium arsenite; [GAPDH protein co-treated with fructose-1,6-diphosphate co-treated with NAD] results in increased reduction of sodium arsenate analog; heptelidic acid inhibits the reaction [[GAPDH protein co-treated with fructose-1,6-diphosphate co-treated with NAD] results in increased reduction of sodium arsenate analog] CTD PMID:15788719 NCBI chr 4:157,676,336...157,680,322
Ensembl chr 4:157,676,595...157,679,962
JBrowse link
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 increases abundance
multiple interactions
ISO IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of fructose-1,6-diphosphate
Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of fructose-1,6-diphosphate]
CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:141,874,354...141,893,674
Ensembl chr 1:141,866,283...141,893,705
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:22227475 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:22227475 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions
decreases degradation
ISO fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA]; fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of NOS2 protein]
fructose-1,6-diphosphate results in decreased degradation of NOS2 mRNA
CTD PMID:22227475 NCBI chr10:66,188,290...66,221,621
Ensembl chr10:66,189,786...66,313,190
JBrowse link
beta-D-fructofuranose 2,6-bisphosphate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Pfkm phosphofructokinase, muscle multiple interactions ISO fructose 2,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [resveratrol results in decreased activity of PFKM protein] CTD PMID:23454376 NCBI chr 7:139,702,066...139,722,132
Ensembl chr 7:139,685,573...139,722,132
JBrowse link
D-fructofuranose 1,6-bisphosphate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Gapdh glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase multiple interactions EXP [GAPDH protein co-treated with fructose-1,6-diphosphate co-treated with NAD] results in increased chemical synthesis of sodium arsenite; [GAPDH protein co-treated with fructose-1,6-diphosphate co-treated with NAD] results in increased reduction of sodium arsenate analog; heptelidic acid inhibits the reaction [[GAPDH protein co-treated with fructose-1,6-diphosphate co-treated with NAD] results in increased reduction of sodium arsenate analog] CTD PMID:15788719 NCBI chr 4:157,676,336...157,680,322
Ensembl chr 4:157,676,595...157,679,962
JBrowse link
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 increases abundance
multiple interactions
ISO IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of fructose-1,6-diphosphate
Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of fructose-1,6-diphosphate]
CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:141,874,354...141,893,674
Ensembl chr 1:141,866,283...141,893,705
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:22227475 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:22227475 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions
decreases degradation
ISO fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA]; fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of NOS2 protein]
fructose-1,6-diphosphate results in decreased degradation of NOS2 mRNA
CTD PMID:22227475 NCBI chr10:66,188,290...66,221,621
Ensembl chr10:66,189,786...66,313,190
JBrowse link
keto-D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Gapdh glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase multiple interactions EXP [GAPDH protein co-treated with fructose-1,6-diphosphate co-treated with NAD] results in increased chemical synthesis of sodium arsenite; [GAPDH protein co-treated with fructose-1,6-diphosphate co-treated with NAD] results in increased reduction of sodium arsenate analog; heptelidic acid inhibits the reaction [[GAPDH protein co-treated with fructose-1,6-diphosphate co-treated with NAD] results in increased reduction of sodium arsenate analog] CTD PMID:15788719 NCBI chr 4:157,676,336...157,680,322
Ensembl chr 4:157,676,595...157,679,962
JBrowse link
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 multiple interactions
increases abundance
ISO Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of fructose-1,6-diphosphate] CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:141,874,354...141,893,674
Ensembl chr 1:141,866,283...141,893,705
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:22227475 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:22227475 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions
decreases degradation
ISO fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA]; fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of NOS2 protein]
fructose-1,6-diphosphate results in decreased degradation of NOS2 mRNA
CTD PMID:22227475 NCBI chr10:66,188,290...66,221,621
Ensembl chr10:66,189,786...66,313,190
JBrowse link
royal jelly term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions ISO royal jelly inhibits the reaction [Nicotine results in decreased expression of BCL2 mRNA] CTD PMID:30896085 NCBI chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
Ensembl chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions ISO royal jelly inhibits the reaction [Nicotine results in increased expression of CASP3 mRNA] CTD PMID:30896085 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions EXP
ISO
royal jelly inhibits the reaction [Cisplatin results in decreased activity of CAT protein]
royal jelly inhibits the reaction [Nicotine results in decreased activity of CAT protein]
CTD PMID:20369241, PMID:30896085 NCBI chr 3:93,379,872...93,412,058
Ensembl chr 3:93,379,874...93,412,058
JBrowse link
G Esr1 estrogen receptor 1 multiple interactions
increases activity
affects binding
ISO Estradiol inhibits the reaction [royal jelly binds to ESR1 protein]; royal jelly binds to and results in increased activity of ESR1 protein; royal jelly inhibits the reaction [Estradiol binds to ESR1 protein]
royal jelly results in increased activity of ESR1 protein
CTD PMID:15946813, PMID:17287592 NCBI chr 1:41,192,029...41,594,799
Ensembl chr 1:41,192,824...41,594,796
JBrowse link
G Esr2 estrogen receptor 2 multiple interactions
affects binding
ISO Estradiol inhibits the reaction [royal jelly binds to ESR2 protein]; royal jelly binds to and results in increased activity of ESR2 protein; royal jelly inhibits the reaction [Estradiol binds to ESR2 protein] CTD PMID:15946813, PMID:17287592 NCBI chr 6:99,163,953...99,214,711
Ensembl chr 6:99,164,357...99,214,251
JBrowse link
G Pcna proliferating cell nuclear antigen multiple interactions ISO royal jelly inhibits the reaction [Nicotine results in decreased expression of PCNA protein] CTD PMID:30896085 NCBI chr 3:124,880,698...124,884,570
Ensembl chr 3:124,880,698...124,884,570
JBrowse link
G Tff1 trefoil factor 1 increases expression ISO royal jelly results in increased expression of TFF1 mRNA CTD PMID:15946813 NCBI chr20:9,892,124...9,895,984
Ensembl chr20:9,892,124...9,895,984
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions ISO royal jelly inhibits the reaction [Nicotine results in increased expression of TRP53 mRNA] CTD PMID:30896085 NCBI chr10:56,186,299...56,198,449
Ensembl chr10:56,187,020...56,198,449
JBrowse link
G Vegfa vascular endothelial growth factor A increases expression ISO
EXP
royal jelly results in increased expression of VEGFA mRNA CTD PMID:15946813, PMID:17287592 NCBI chr 9:17,340,341...17,355,681
Ensembl chr 9:17,340,341...17,355,681
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19816
    role 19764
      biological role 19764
        biochemical role 19313
          metabolite 19294
            fundamental metabolite 12621
              fructose 298
                D-fructose 15
                  5-dehydro-D-fructose 0
                  D-fructofuranose + 6
                  D-fructopyranose + 0
                  D-fructose 1-phosphate + 0
                  D-fructose 6-phosphate + 0
                  D-fructuronic acid + 0
                  keto-D-fructose + 0
                  keto-D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate 5
                  keto-D-fructose 6-phosphate 0
                  royal jelly 9
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19816
    subatomic particle 19814
      composite particle 19814
        hadron 19814
          baryon 19814
            nucleon 19814
              atomic nucleus 19814
                atom 19814
                  main group element atom 19702
                    p-block element atom 19702
                      carbon group element atom 19608
                        carbon atom 19597
                          organic molecular entity 19597
                            heteroorganic entity 19184
                              organochalcogen compound 18894
                                organooxygen compound 18816
                                  carbohydrates and carbohydrate derivatives 12191
                                    carbohydrate 12191
                                      monosaccharide 4035
                                        hexose 2305
                                          ketohexose 362
                                            fructose 298
                                              D-fructose 15
                                                5-dehydro-D-fructose 0
                                                D-fructofuranose + 6
                                                D-fructopyranose + 0
                                                D-fructose 1-phosphate + 0
                                                D-fructose 6-phosphate + 0
                                                D-fructuronic acid + 0
                                                keto-D-fructose + 0
                                                keto-D-fructose 1,6-bisphosphate 5
                                                keto-D-fructose 6-phosphate 0
                                                royal jelly 9
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.