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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:cystine
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Accession:CHEBI:17376 term browser browse the term
Definition:A sulfur-containing amino acid obtained by the oxidation of two cysteine molecules which are then linked via a disulfide bond.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: 3,3'-disulfanediylbis(2-aminopropanoic acid)
 related_synonym: 3,3'-dithiobis(2-aminopropanoic acid);   Cystin;   Dicysteine;   Formula=C6H12N2O4S2;   InChI=1S/C6H12N2O4S2/c7-3(5(9)10)1-13-14-2-4(8)6(11)12/h3-4H,1-2,7-8H2,(H,9,10)(H,11,12);   InChIKey=LEVWYRKDKASIDU-UHFFFAOYSA-N;   SMILES=NC(CSSCC(N)C(O)=O)C(O)=O;   Zystin;   alpha-Diamino-beta-dithiolactic acid;   cistina
 alt_id: CHEBI:14062;   CHEBI:23513;   CHEBI:4052
 xref: Beilstein:1728091;   CAS:923-32-0;   Gmelin:83347;   KEGG:C01420;   PMID:18608550;   PMID:24327171;   PMID:24525029;   PMID:24525030;   Reaxys:1728091;   Wikipedia:Cystine
 cyclic_relationship: is_tautomer_of CHEBI:35492


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L-cystine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Kyat1 kynurenine aminotransferase 1 increases amination ISO KYAT1 protein results in increased amination of Cystine CTD PMID:22093698 NCBI chr 3:8,752,289...8,785,617
Ensembl chr 3:8,752,625...8,766,433
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 multiple interactions ISO Cystine affects the reaction [Homocysteine results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein] CTD PMID:19850060 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 multiple interactions ISO Cystine affects the reaction [Homocysteine results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein] CTD PMID:19850060 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Slc3a1 solute carrier family 3 member 1 increases uptake
multiple interactions
ISO SLC3A1 protein results in increased uptake of Cystine
[SLC3A1 protein co-treated with SLC7A9 protein] results in increased uptake of Cystine
CTD PMID:14978168, PMID:18845132 NCBI chr 6:8,284,937...8,318,649
Ensembl chr 6:8,284,878...8,318,674
JBrowse link
G Slc3a2 solute carrier family 3 member 2 multiple interactions ISO [SLC3A2 protein co-treated with SLC7A11 protein] results in increased uptake of Cystine; Sulfasalazine inhibits the reaction [[SLC3A2 protein co-treated with SLC7A11 protein] results in increased uptake of Cystine]
[[[Bilirubin results in increased activity of [SLC7A11 protein co-treated with SLC3A2 protein]] which results in increased uptake of Cystine] which results in increased abundance of Glutathione] which results in decreased susceptibility to Hydrogen Peroxide; [[Bilirubin results in increased activity of [SLC7A11 protein co-treated with SLC3A2 protein]] which results in increased uptake of Cystine] which results in increased abundance of Glutathione; [Bilirubin results in increased activity of [SLC7A11 protein co-treated with SLC3A2 protein]] which results in increased uptake of Cystine
CTD PMID:19576933, PMID:22216172 NCBI chr 1:224,906,566...224,921,029
Ensembl chr 1:224,906,554...224,921,092
JBrowse link
G Slc7a11 solute carrier family 7 member 11 multiple interactions ISO [SLC3A2 protein co-treated with SLC7A11 protein] results in increased uptake of Cystine; Sulfasalazine inhibits the reaction [[SLC3A2 protein co-treated with SLC7A11 protein] results in increased uptake of Cystine]
[[[Bilirubin results in increased activity of [SLC7A11 protein co-treated with SLC3A2 protein]] which results in increased uptake of Cystine] which results in increased abundance of Glutathione] which results in decreased susceptibility to Hydrogen Peroxide; [[Bilirubin results in increased activity of [SLC7A11 protein co-treated with SLC3A2 protein]] which results in increased uptake of Cystine] which results in increased abundance of Glutathione; [Bilirubin results in increased activity of [SLC7A11 protein co-treated with SLC3A2 protein]] which results in increased uptake of Cystine
CTD PMID:19576933, PMID:22216172 NCBI chr 2:139,453,774...139,528,479
Ensembl chr 2:139,453,774...139,528,162
JBrowse link
G Slc7a9 solute carrier family 7 member 9 multiple interactions ISO [SLC3A1 protein co-treated with SLC7A9 protein] results in increased uptake of Cystine CTD PMID:14978168 NCBI chr 1:91,709,034...91,738,492
Ensembl chr 1:91,716,383...91,738,494
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19785
    role 19732
      biological role 19732
        biochemical role 19281
          metabolite 19262
            fundamental metabolite 12607
              cysteine 1133
                cysteine derivative 1122
                  cystine 7
                    Cys-Gly disulfide 0
                    D-cystine + 0
                    L-cystine + 7
                    cystine residue + 0
                    cystinyl group + 0
                    cystyl group + 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19785
    subatomic particle 19782
      composite particle 19782
        hadron 19782
          baryon 19782
            nucleon 19782
              atomic nucleus 19782
                atom 19782
                  main group element atom 19670
                    p-block element atom 19670
                      carbon group element atom 19572
                        carbon atom 19561
                          organic molecular entity 19561
                            organic group 18493
                              organic divalent group 18486
                                organodiyl group 18486
                                  carbonyl group 18389
                                    carbonyl compound 18389
                                      carboxylic acid 18060
                                        amino acid 14072
                                          polar amino acid 10643
                                            cysteine 1133
                                              cysteine derivative 1122
                                                cystine 7
                                                  Cys-Gly disulfide 0
                                                  D-cystine + 0
                                                  L-cystine + 7
                                                  cystine residue + 0
                                                  cystinyl group + 0
                                                  cystyl group + 0
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