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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:beta-carotene
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Accession:CHEBI:17579 term browser browse the term
Definition:A cyclic carotene obtained by dimerisation of all-trans-retinol. A strongly-coloured red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruit and the most active and important provitamin A carotenoid.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: beta,beta-carotene
 related_synonym: 1,1'-[(1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,16-tetramethyloctadeca-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-nonaene-1,18-diyl]bis(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexene);   Formula=C40H56;   InChI=1S/C40H56/c1-31(19-13-21-33(3)25-27-37-35(5)23-15-29-39(37,7)8)17-11-12-18-32(2)20-14-22-34(4)26-28-38-36(6)24-16-30-40(38,9)10/h11-14,17-22,25-28H,15-16,23-24,29-30H2,1-10H3/b12-11+,19-13+,20-14+,27-25+,28-26+,31-17+,32-18+,33-21+,34-22+;   InChIKey=OENHQHLEOONYIE-JLTXGRSLSA-N;   SMILES=CC(\\C=C\\C=C(C)\\C=C\\C1=C(C)CCCC1(C)C)=C/C=C/C=C(C)/C=C/C=C(C)/C=C/C1=C(C)CCCC1(C)C;   all-trans-beta-carotene;   beta-Karotin
 alt_id: CHEBI:10355;   CHEBI:12392;   CHEBI:22834;   CHEBI:40987
 xref: Beilstein:1917416;   CAS:7235-40-7;   COMe:MOL000093;   Drug_Central:345;   HMDB:HMDB0000561;   KEGG:C02094;   KEGG:D03101;   KNApSAcK:C00000919;   LIPID_MAPS_instance:LMPR01070000;   LIPID_MAPS_instance:LMPR01070001
 xref_mesh: MESH:D019207
 xref: MetaCyc:CPD1F-129;   PDBeChem:BCR;   PMID:11171227;   PMID:11182771;   PMID:11332447;   PMID:11359610;   PMID:11382814;   PMID:11567548;   PMID:11677037;   PMID:11714348;   PMID:11962062;   PMID:12081834;   PMID:12891827;   PMID:14658721;   PMID:14764912;   PMID:14976384;   PMID:14997360;   PMID:15113067;   PMID:15333155;   PMID:15695449;   PMID:15789045;   PMID:15909543;   PMID:15949680;   PMID:15949683;   PMID:16036331;   PMID:16087476;   PMID:16338959;   PMID:16563447;   PMID:17004738;   PMID:17625873;   PMID:17708644;   PMID:17851775;   PMID:18429004;   PMID:18766464;   PMID:18767554;   PMID:18794175;   PMID:19480350;   PMID:19574250;   PMID:19669835;   PMID:19703237;   PMID:19852884;   PMID:19888275;   PMID:19896667;   PMID:19937581;   PMID:20074992;   PMID:20515074;   PMID:22079732;   PMID:22309480;   PMID:22428124;   PMID:22489215;   PMID:22534340;   PMID:22575730;   Reaxys:1917416;   Wikipedia:Beta_Carotene


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beta-carotene term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Acad9 acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family, member 9 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of ACAD9 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 2:122,782,051...122,806,166
Ensembl chr 2:122,782,060...122,805,768
JBrowse link
G Adh5 alcohol dehydrogenase 5 (class III), chi polypeptide increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of ADH5 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 2:243,728,500...243,740,907
Ensembl chr 2:243,700,784...243,740,899
JBrowse link
G Adipoq adiponectin, C1Q and collagen domain containing decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of ADIPOQ mRNA CTD PMID:21569430 NCBI chr11:81,330,845...81,344,488
Ensembl chr11:81,330,293...81,344,488
JBrowse link
G Aebp1 AE binding protein 1 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of AEBP1 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr14:86,101,253...86,111,323
Ensembl chr14:86,101,277...86,111,306
JBrowse link
G Akt1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 decreases phosphorylation ISO beta Carotene results in decreased phosphorylation of AKT1 protein CTD PMID:26733226 NCBI chr 6:137,218,398...137,239,970
Ensembl chr 6:137,218,376...137,236,258
JBrowse link
G Alad aminolevulinate dehydratase multiple interactions ISO beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide results in decreased expression of ALAD protein] CTD PMID:25542264 NCBI chr 5:78,368,867...78,379,206
Ensembl chr 5:78,368,867...78,379,346
JBrowse link
G Aldh3b1 aldehyde dehydrogenase 3 family, member B1 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of ALDH3B1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 1:219,145,457...219,181,536
Ensembl chr 1:219,145,459...219,186,860
JBrowse link
G Aldh4a1 aldehyde dehydrogenase 4 family, member A1 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of ALDH4A1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 5:158,090,238...158,115,725
Ensembl chr 5:158,042,587...158,135,733
JBrowse link
G Ank2 ankyrin 2 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of ANK2 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 2:231,224,643...231,522,655
Ensembl chr 2:231,226,949...231,648,122
JBrowse link
G Ank3 ankyrin 3 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of ANK3 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr20:19,948,767...20,480,628
Ensembl chr20:20,105,047...20,480,623
JBrowse link
G Appbp2 amyloid beta precursor protein binding protein 2 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of APPBP2 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr10:72,503,347...72,545,141
Ensembl chr10:72,503,347...72,545,141
JBrowse link
G Arhgap26 Rho GTPase activating protein 26 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of ARHGAP26 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr18:31,807,052...32,557,176
Ensembl chr18:31,812,109...32,207,801
JBrowse link
G Asah1 N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase 1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of ASAH1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr16:53,998,604...54,030,006
Ensembl chr16:53,998,560...54,040,836
JBrowse link
G Asb1 ankyrin repeat and SOCS box-containing 1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of ASB1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 9:98,668,231...98,689,471
Ensembl chr 9:98,668,231...98,684,900
JBrowse link
G Asb9 ankyrin repeat and SOCS box-containing 9 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of ASB9 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr  X:31,700,637...31,745,790
Ensembl chr  X:31,700,633...31,780,425
JBrowse link
G Atp8b1 ATPase phospholipid transporting 8B1 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of ATP8B1 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr18:60,013,388...60,152,920
Ensembl chr18:60,013,382...60,095,354
JBrowse link
G Bag3 BAG cochaperone 3 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of BAG3 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 1:199,941,258...199,965,191
Ensembl chr 1:199,941,161...199,965,191
JBrowse link
G Bag4 BAG cochaperone 4 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of BAG4 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr16:71,057,709...71,075,874
Ensembl chr16:71,058,022...71,075,320
JBrowse link
G Bag5 BAG cochaperone 5 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of BAG5 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 6:136,180,640...136,185,651
Ensembl chr 6:136,182,006...136,185,651
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator decreases expression
increases expression
ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of BAX mRNA
beta Carotene results in increased expression of BAX mRNA; beta Carotene results in increased expression of BAX protein
CTD PMID:15949688, PMID:17034753, PMID:26733226 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Bcl2 BCL2, apoptosis regulator decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of BCL2 protein CTD PMID:26733226 NCBI chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
Ensembl chr13:26,605,426...26,769,374
JBrowse link
G Bco1 beta-carotene oxygenase 1 multiple interactions
affects response to substance
increases oxidation
increases expression
ISO
EXP
beta Carotene results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of BCO1 protein
[BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of ACAD9 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of AEBP1 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of APPBP2 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of ARHGAP26 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of ATP8B1 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of CDCA8 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of CENPE mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of CLCN3 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of COQ7 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of CTNNAL1 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of DHFR mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of DTWD2 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of EDN1 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of EIF2S1 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of FOXM1 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of FZD6 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of IRX4 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of ITM2A mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of KIF11 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of LANCL1 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of LMNB2 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of METTL21A mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of METTL9 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of MRPL57 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of MTCH2 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of NCKAP1 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of NOM1 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of PARD6A mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of PCDH1 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of PLAT mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of RPP14 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of RRM1 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of TFCP2 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of THOC7 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of TMEM209 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of TTC21B mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of TWF1 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of TYMP mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of YTHDC2 mRNA; [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of ZDHHC3 mRNA
BCO1 protein results in increased oxidation of beta Carotene
beta Carotene results in increased expression of BCO1 mRNA
Ascorbic Acid inhibits the reaction [Oxidants inhibits the reaction [BCO1 protein results in increased oxidation of beta Carotene]]; Oxidants inhibits the reaction [BCO1 protein results in increased oxidation of beta Carotene]; Vitamin E inhibits the reaction [Oxidants inhibits the reaction [BCO1 protein results in increased oxidation of beta Carotene]]
CTD PMID:9526112, PMID:16186334, PMID:24657404 NCBI chr19:49,637,059...49,673,577
Ensembl chr19:49,637,016...49,673,808
JBrowse link
G Bco2 beta-carotene oxygenase 2 multiple interactions
increases metabolic processing
ISO [BCO2 protein results in increased metabolism of beta Carotene] which results in increased chemical synthesis of apocarotenal CTD PMID:21106934 NCBI chr 8:54,965,577...54,990,604
Ensembl chr 8:54,965,583...54,998,864
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions
increases activity
ISO alpha-Tocopherol promotes the reaction [beta Carotene metabolite results in decreased activity of CASP3 protein]
beta Carotene metabolite results in increased activity of CASP3 protein; beta Carotene results in increased activity of CASP3 protein
CTD PMID:17618090, PMID:26733226 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions EXP
ISO
[Ascorbic Acid co-treated with beta Carotene co-treated with alpha-Tocopherol co-treated with Sodium Selenite] inhibits the reaction [Galactosamine results in increased activity of CAT protein]; beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [cholestane-3,5,6-triol results in decreased activity of CAT protein]; beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [Indomethacin results in decreased expression of CAT protein]
beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide results in decreased activity of CAT protein]
CTD PMID:9306888, PMID:12500499, PMID:25542264, PMID:31022331 NCBI chr 3:93,379,872...93,412,058
Ensembl chr 3:93,379,874...93,412,058
JBrowse link
G Cav1 caveolin 1 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of CAV1 protein CTD PMID:26733226 NCBI chr 4:44,597,123...44,630,206
Ensembl chr 4:44,597,123...44,630,200
JBrowse link
G Ccnd1 cyclin D1 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of CCND1 protein CTD PMID:26733226 NCBI chr 1:218,090,750...218,100,447
Ensembl chr 1:218,090,750...218,100,325
JBrowse link
G Cdca8 cell division cycle associated 8 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of CDCA8 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 5:142,911,310...142,933,536
Ensembl chr 5:142,911,305...142,933,526
JBrowse link
G Cdh1 cadherin 1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of CDH1 mRNA; beta Carotene results in increased expression of CDH1 protein CTD PMID:17034753, PMID:26733226 NCBI chr19:38,768,467...38,838,395
Ensembl chr19:38,768,467...38,838,395
JBrowse link
G Cebpa CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of CEBPA mRNA CTD PMID:21569430 NCBI chr 1:91,363,492...91,366,164
Ensembl chr 1:91,363,492...91,366,164
JBrowse link
G Cenpe centromere protein E multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of CENPE mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 2:240,395,974...240,454,785
Ensembl chr 2:240,396,152...240,454,747
JBrowse link
G Cflar CASP8 and FADD-like apoptosis regulator increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of CFLAR mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 9:65,534,608...65,586,395
Ensembl chr 9:65,534,704...65,587,251
JBrowse link
G Clcn3 chloride voltage-gated channel 3 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of CLCN3 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr16:32,448,821...32,520,649
Ensembl chr16:32,449,116...32,519,148
JBrowse link
G Cldn10 claudin 10 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of CLDN10 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr15:104,026,590...104,115,748
Ensembl chr15:104,026,601...104,115,748
JBrowse link
G Cldn18 claudin 18 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of CLDN18 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 8:107,933,725...107,960,656
Ensembl chr 8:107,934,860...107,952,530
JBrowse link
G Col1a1 collagen type I alpha 1 chain decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of COL1A1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr10:82,745,801...82,762,790
Ensembl chr10:82,745,801...82,762,789
JBrowse link
G Col4a1 collagen type IV alpha 1 chain decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of COL4A1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr16:83,522,162...83,632,153
Ensembl chr16:83,522,162...83,632,153
JBrowse link
G Col4a2 collagen type IV alpha 2 chain decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of COL4A2 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr16:83,386,388...83,522,169
Ensembl chr16:83,387,364...83,438,561
JBrowse link
G Coq7 coenzyme Q7, hydroxylase multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of COQ7 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 1:188,176,060...188,190,874
Ensembl chr 1:188,174,874...188,190,860
JBrowse link
G Cpt1b carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1B decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of CPT1B mRNA CTD PMID:21569430 NCBI chr 7:130,395,211...130,404,731
Ensembl chr 7:130,395,194...130,405,347
JBrowse link
G Cradd CASP2 and RIPK1 domain containing adaptor with death domain increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of CRADD mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 7:36,395,665...36,408,588
Ensembl chr 7:36,395,665...36,408,588
JBrowse link
G Ctnnal1 catenin alpha-like 1 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of CTNNAL1 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 5:73,561,249...73,621,070
Ensembl chr 5:73,561,450...73,621,070
JBrowse link
G Ctsb cathepsin B decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of CTSB mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr15:46,316,741...46,337,613
Ensembl chr15:46,316,741...46,337,612
JBrowse link
G Cxcl12 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 12 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of CXCL12 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 4:149,261,044...149,273,891
Ensembl chr 4:149,261,044...149,273,891
JBrowse link
G Cxcl6 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 6 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of CXCL6 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr14:18,860,201...18,920,839
Ensembl chr14:18,860,264...18,862,407
JBrowse link
G Cxcl9 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 9 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of CXCL9 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr14:17,228,832...17,233,743
Ensembl chr14:17,228,856...17,234,712
JBrowse link
G Cxcr4 C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of CXCR4 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr13:45,314,952...45,318,856
Ensembl chr13:45,314,933...45,318,878
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a2 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 2 multiple interactions ISO beta Carotene promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased expression of CYP1A2 protein]; Quercetin inhibits the reaction [beta Carotene promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased expression of CYP1A2 protein]] CTD PMID:16970932 NCBI chr 8:62,451,360...62,458,244
Ensembl chr 8:62,451,329...62,458,301
JBrowse link
G Cyp26a1 cytochrome P450, family 26, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of CYP26A1 mRNA CTD PMID:16186334, PMID:22542753 NCBI chr 1:256,382,861...256,386,729
Ensembl chr 1:256,382,791...256,386,729
JBrowse link
G Cyp3a18 cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily a, polypeptide 18 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of CYP3A43 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr12:10,636,294...10,684,273
Ensembl chr12:10,636,275...10,684,278
JBrowse link
G Dhfr dihydrofolate reductase multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of DHFR mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 2:21,931,887...21,958,927
Ensembl chr 2:21,931,493...21,962,453
JBrowse link
G Dlx2 distal-less homeobox 2 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of DLX2 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 3:58,180,088...58,181,971
Ensembl chr 3:58,180,088...58,181,971
JBrowse link
G Dlx4 distal-less homeobox 4 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of DLX4 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr10:82,958,525...82,963,919
Ensembl chr10:82,958,525...82,963,919
JBrowse link
G Dtwd2 DTW domain containing 2 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of DTWD2 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr18:43,857,371...43,945,732
Ensembl chr18:43,857,970...43,945,273
JBrowse link
G Edn1 endothelin 1 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of EDN1 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr17:22,136,814...22,143,745
Ensembl chr17:22,137,324...22,143,324
JBrowse link
G Eif2s1 eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit alpha multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of EIF2S1 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 6:102,048,372...102,073,041
Ensembl chr 6:102,048,372...102,073,041
JBrowse link
G Ercc2 ERCC excision repair 2, TFIIH core complex helicase subunit decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of ERCC2 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 1:80,293,574...80,307,334
Ensembl chr 1:80,293,566...80,307,344
JBrowse link
G Esr1 estrogen receptor 1 multiple interactions ISO beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [Estradiol results in increased activity of ESR1 protein]; beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [Genistein results in increased activity of ESR1 protein]; beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [Paclitaxel results in increased expression of ESR1 mRNA] CTD PMID:17051425, PMID:19340624 NCBI chr 1:41,192,029...41,594,799
Ensembl chr 1:41,192,824...41,594,796
JBrowse link
G Esr2 estrogen receptor 2 multiple interactions ISO beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [Estradiol results in increased activity of ESR2 protein]; beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [Genistein results in increased activity of ESR2 protein] CTD PMID:17051425 NCBI chr 6:99,163,953...99,214,711
Ensembl chr 6:99,164,357...99,214,251
JBrowse link
G Fabp4 fatty acid binding protein 4 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of FABP4 mRNA CTD PMID:21569430 NCBI chr 2:93,792,666...93,797,267
Ensembl chr 2:93,792,601...93,797,305
JBrowse link
G Faim2 Fas apoptotic inhibitory molecule 2 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of FAIM2 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 7:141,158,769...141,185,781
Ensembl chr 7:141,157,963...141,185,710
JBrowse link
G Fas Fas cell surface death receptor increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of FAS mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 1:252,589,785...252,624,790
Ensembl chr 1:252,589,785...252,624,790
JBrowse link
G Fosl1 FOS like 1, AP-1 transcription factor subunit increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of FOSL1 protein CTD PMID:20025956 NCBI chr 1:220,826,560...220,835,066
Ensembl chr 1:220,826,560...220,835,066
JBrowse link
G Foxa1 forkhead box A1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of FOXA1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 6:78,516,579...78,549,669
Ensembl chr 6:78,545,804...78,549,669
JBrowse link
G Foxm1 forkhead box M1 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of FOXM1 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 4:161,685,236...161,697,633
Ensembl chr 4:161,685,258...161,696,305
JBrowse link
G Fzd6 frizzled class receptor 6 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of FZD6 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 7:77,898,329...77,931,034
Ensembl chr 7:77,899,322...77,931,029
JBrowse link
G Gata6 GATA binding protein 6 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of GATA6 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr18:2,415,821...2,447,087
Ensembl chr18:2,416,552...2,446,338
JBrowse link
G Gbp1 guanylate binding protein 1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of GBP1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 2:248,343,334...248,423,402
Ensembl chr 2:248,398,917...248,409,570
JBrowse link
G Gja1 gap junction protein, alpha 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO
EXP
beta Carotene promotes the reaction [4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of GJA1 protein]; Ro 41-5253 inhibits the reaction [beta Carotene results in increased expression of GJA1 protein]
beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in decreased expression of GJA1 mRNA]; beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of GJA1 protein]
CTD PMID:16091010, PMID:27154496 NCBI chr20:37,876,650...37,889,097
Ensembl chr20:37,876,650...37,889,089
JBrowse link
G Gsr glutathione-disulfide reductase multiple interactions ISO beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [arsenic trioxide results in decreased activity of GSR protein] CTD PMID:25542264 NCBI chr16:62,197,617...62,239,987
Ensembl chr16:62,197,617...62,241,361
JBrowse link
G Gstk1 glutathione S-transferase kappa 1 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of GSTK1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 4:71,621,777...71,626,096
Ensembl chr 4:71,621,729...71,626,107
JBrowse link
G Gstm2 glutathione S-transferase mu 2 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of GSTM2 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 2:210,778,041...210,782,807
Ensembl chr 2:210,720,704...210,782,856
JBrowse link
G Gstm3l glutathione S-transferase mu 3-like increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of GSTM5 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 2:210,761,729...210,766,501
Ensembl chr 2:210,761,729...210,766,501
JBrowse link
G Gstm4 glutathione S-transferase mu 4 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of GSTM4 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 2:210,834,013...210,839,242
Ensembl chr 2:210,833,884...210,839,295
JBrowse link
G Gstz1 glutathione S-transferase zeta 1 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of GSTZ1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 6:111,176,798...111,187,246
Ensembl chr 6:111,176,798...111,187,244
JBrowse link
G Hoxa7 homeobox A7 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of HOXA7 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 4:82,184,299...82,187,890
Ensembl chr 4:82,183,196...82,186,190
JBrowse link
G Hoxb6 homeo box B6 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of HOXB6 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr10:84,147,331...84,150,238
Ensembl chr10:84,147,836...84,149,600
JBrowse link
G Hoxc10 homeo box C10 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of HOXC10 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 7:144,577,578...144,582,802
Ensembl chr 7:144,577,465...144,582,622
JBrowse link
G Hprt1 hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase 1 multiple interactions EXP beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine results in increased mutagenesis of HPRT1 gene] CTD PMID:12467141 NCBI chr  X:158,196,640...158,228,815
Ensembl chr  X:158,197,149...158,228,749
JBrowse link
G Igfbp5 insulin-like growth factor binding protein 5 multiple interactions EXP [alpha-Tocopherol co-treated with beta Carotene co-treated with Ascorbic Acid co-treated with Zinc co-treated with Sodium Selenite] results in decreased expression of IGFBP5 mRNA CTD PMID:23859036 NCBI chr 9:80,154,230...80,166,813
Ensembl chr 9:80,150,211...80,167,033
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta multiple interactions ISO beta Carotene promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased secretion of IL1B protein]; pyrazolanthrone inhibits the reaction [beta Carotene promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased secretion of IL1B protein]]; Quercetin inhibits the reaction [beta Carotene promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased secretion of IL1B protein]] CTD PMID:21447443 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Irf8 interferon regulatory factor 8 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of IRF8 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr19:54,314,859...54,336,643
Ensembl chr19:54,314,865...54,336,640
JBrowse link
G Irx4 iroquois homeobox 4 decreases expression
multiple interactions
ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of IRX4 mRNA
[BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of IRX4 mRNA
CTD PMID:17034753, PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 1:32,634,774...32,645,151
Ensembl chr 1:32,634,796...32,643,771
JBrowse link
G Itgb1 integrin subunit beta 1 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of ITGB1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr19:61,677,512...61,725,537
Ensembl chr19:61,677,542...61,725,535
JBrowse link
G Itgb4 integrin subunit beta 4 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of ITGB4 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr10:104,524,000...104,560,180
Ensembl chr10:104,523,996...104,561,078
JBrowse link
G Itm2a integral membrane protein 2A multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of ITM2A mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr  X:78,490,872...78,496,814
Ensembl chr  X:78,490,866...78,496,847
JBrowse link
G Ivl involucrin increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of IVL mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 2:192,761,171...192,773,346
Ensembl chr 2:192,761,538...192,763,577
JBrowse link
G Jun Jun proto-oncogene, AP-1 transcription factor subunit increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of JUN protein CTD PMID:20025956 NCBI chr 5:114,011,184...114,014,277
Ensembl chr 5:114,011,189...114,014,277
JBrowse link
G Kif11 kinesin family member 11 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of KIF11 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 1:256,035,866...256,088,299
Ensembl chr 1:256,035,866...256,088,299
JBrowse link
G Krt18 keratin 18 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of KRT18 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 7:143,629,455...143,633,131
Ensembl chr 7:143,629,455...143,633,131
JBrowse link
G Krt19 keratin 19 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of KRT19 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr10:88,055,843...88,060,560
Ensembl chr10:88,055,841...88,060,561
JBrowse link
G Krt2 keratin 2 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of KRT2 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 7:143,412,858...143,420,463
Ensembl chr 7:143,412,858...143,420,027
JBrowse link
G Krt7 keratin 7 affects expression ISO beta Carotene affects the expression of KRT7 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 7:143,059,731...143,075,907
Ensembl chr 7:143,059,764...143,075,907
JBrowse link
G Krt8 keratin 8 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of KRT8 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 7:143,596,511...143,603,745
Ensembl chr 7:143,596,511...143,603,803
JBrowse link
G Lancl1 LanC like 1 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of LANCL1 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 9:74,018,192...74,048,098
Ensembl chr 9:74,014,656...74,048,244
JBrowse link
G Lhx3 LIM homeobox 3 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of LHX3 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 3:3,653,861...3,662,509
Ensembl chr 3:3,654,755...3,661,810
JBrowse link
G Lmnb2 lamin B2 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of LMNB2 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 7:11,657,870...11,676,936
Ensembl chr 7:11,660,934...11,675,472
JBrowse link
G Lpl lipoprotein lipase decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of LPL mRNA CTD PMID:21569430 NCBI chr16:22,537,687...22,561,487
Ensembl chr16:22,537,056...22,561,496
JBrowse link
G Mapk1 mitogen activated protein kinase 1 increases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
beta Carotene results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein
beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK1 protein]
CTD PMID:16206275, PMID:27154496 NCBI chr11:88,203,863...88,273,301
Ensembl chr11:88,211,599...88,273,254
JBrowse link
G Mapk3 mitogen activated protein kinase 3 increases phosphorylation
multiple interactions
ISO
EXP
beta Carotene results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein
beta Carotene inhibits the reaction [Hydrogen Peroxide results in increased phosphorylation of MAPK3 protein]
CTD PMID:16206275, PMID:27154496 NCBI chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
Ensembl chr 1:198,192,773...198,198,975
JBrowse link
G Mbl2 mannose binding lectin 2 multiple interactions ISO MBL2 gene polymorphism affects the susceptibility to [Vitamin A co-treated with beta Carotene] CTD PMID:16960176 NCBI chr 1:248,435,069...248,442,669
Ensembl chr 1:248,723,397...248,729,962
JBrowse link
G Mcl1 MCL1 apoptosis regulator, BCL2 family member affects expression ISO beta Carotene affects the expression of MCL1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 2:197,786,212...197,788,992 JBrowse link
G Meis2 Meis homeobox 2 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of MEIS2 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 3:107,560,172...107,762,732
Ensembl chr 3:107,559,997...107,760,589
JBrowse link
G Meox1 mesenchyme homeobox 1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of MEOX1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr10:89,797,011...89,817,009
Ensembl chr10:89,797,038...89,816,491
JBrowse link
G Mettl21a methyltransferase like 21A multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of METTL21A mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 9:71,304,138...71,314,015
Ensembl chr 9:71,304,427...71,313,940
JBrowse link
G Mettl9 methyltransferase like 9 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of METTL9 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 1:190,962,935...191,009,926
Ensembl chr 1:190,964,885...191,009,926
JBrowse link
G Mgmt O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase affects response to substance ISO MGMT gene SNP affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene CTD PMID:16014702 NCBI chr 1:209,237,255...209,464,189
Ensembl chr 1:209,237,233...209,464,190
JBrowse link
G Mki67 marker of proliferation Ki-67 multiple interactions EXP [alpha-Tocopherol co-treated with beta Carotene co-treated with Ascorbic Acid co-treated with Zinc co-treated with Sodium Selenite] results in decreased expression of MKI67 mRNA CTD PMID:23859036 NCBI chr 1:207,993,895...208,020,454
Ensembl chr 1:207,993,895...208,020,454
JBrowse link
G Mnx1 motor neuron and pancreas homeobox 1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of MNX1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 4:2,376,350...2,381,308
Ensembl chr 4:2,376,958...2,381,271
JBrowse link
G Mpo myeloperoxidase multiple interactions EXP [Ascorbic Acid co-treated with beta Carotene co-treated with alpha-Tocopherol co-treated with Sodium Selenite] inhibits the reaction [Galactosamine results in increased activity of MPO protein] CTD PMID:31022331 NCBI chr10:75,087,892...75,098,260
Ensembl chr10:75,087,892...75,098,260
JBrowse link
G Mrpl57 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L57 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of MRPL57 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr15:38,096,994...38,097,856
Ensembl chr15:38,095,803...38,097,835
JBrowse link
G Msh5 mutS homolog 5 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of MSH5 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr20:5,020,690...5,037,125
Ensembl chr20:5,020,667...5,037,088
JBrowse link
G Mtch2 mitochondrial carrier 2 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of MTCH2 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 3:79,678,141...79,695,356
Ensembl chr 3:79,678,201...79,694,006
JBrowse link
G Muc5ac mucin 5AC, oligomeric mucus/gel-forming increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of MUC5AC mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 1:214,725,482...214,756,653 JBrowse link
G Nckap1 NCK-associated protein 1 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of NCKAP1 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 3:67,725,180...67,804,680
Ensembl chr 3:67,725,947...67,787,990
JBrowse link
G Nom1 nucleolar protein with MIF4G domain 1 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of NOM1 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 4:2,340,034...2,356,427
Ensembl chr 4:2,340,148...2,356,068
JBrowse link
G Nos1 nitric oxide synthase 1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of NOS1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr12:44,214,949...44,405,530
Ensembl chr12:44,213,943...44,520,341
JBrowse link
G Nos2 nitric oxide synthase 2 multiple interactions EXP [Ascorbic Acid co-treated with Vitamin E co-treated with beta Carotene co-treated with Copper] inhibits the reaction [Streptozocin results in increased expression of NOS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:18779489 NCBI chr10:66,188,290...66,221,621
Ensembl chr10:66,189,786...66,313,190
JBrowse link
G Nr1i2 nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group I, member 2 multiple interactions
increases activity
ISO beta Carotene promotes the reaction [[RXRA protein binds to NR1I2 protein] which results in increased expression of CYP3A4 mRNA]
beta Carotene results in increased activity of NR1I2 protein
CTD PMID:15949683, PMID:16632523 NCBI chr11:65,022,100...65,058,546
Ensembl chr11:65,022,100...65,058,545
JBrowse link
G Olr1 oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor 1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of OLR1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 4:163,239,853...163,261,937
Ensembl chr 4:163,239,849...163,261,958
JBrowse link
G Pard6a par-6 family cell polarity regulator alpha multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of PARD6A mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr19:37,668,133...37,670,450
Ensembl chr19:37,668,133...37,672,729
JBrowse link
G Pcdh1 protocadherin 1 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of PCDH1 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr18:31,330,081...31,343,147
Ensembl chr18:31,328,919...31,343,797
JBrowse link
G Pcdhgc3 protocadherin gamma subfamily C, 3 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of PCDHGC3 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr18:30,954,552...30,971,113
Ensembl chr18:30,913,842...30,969,361
JBrowse link
G Pdgfrb platelet derived growth factor receptor beta multiple interactions EXP [alpha-Tocopherol co-treated with beta Carotene co-treated with Ascorbic Acid co-treated with Zinc co-treated with Sodium Selenite] results in decreased expression of PDGFRB mRNA; [alpha-Tocopherol co-treated with beta Carotene co-treated with Ascorbic Acid co-treated with Zinc co-treated with Sodium Selenite] results in decreased expression of PDGFRB protein CTD PMID:23859036 NCBI chr18:56,364,586...56,406,381
Ensembl chr18:56,364,620...56,406,381
JBrowse link
G Pik3r5 phosphoinositide-3-kinase, regulatory subunit 5 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of PIK3R5 protein CTD PMID:20025956 NCBI chr10:55,013,686...55,078,986
Ensembl chr10:55,013,703...55,080,421
JBrowse link
G Plat plasminogen activator, tissue type multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of PLAT mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr16:74,098,263...74,122,897
Ensembl chr16:74,098,260...74,122,889
JBrowse link
G Plscr1 phospholipid scramblase 1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of PLSCR1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 8:99,625,523...99,645,882
Ensembl chr 8:99,625,545...99,725,217
JBrowse link
G Plscr3 phospholipid scramblase 3 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of PLSCR3 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr10:56,452,632...56,458,390
Ensembl chr10:56,453,877...56,458,390
JBrowse link
G Plscr4 phospholipid scramblase 4 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of PLSCR4 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 8:99,880,073...99,917,733
Ensembl chr 8:99,880,073...99,918,825
JBrowse link
G Ppara peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of PPARA mRNA CTD PMID:21569430 NCBI chr 7:126,618,872...126,687,282
Ensembl chr 7:126,619,196...126,681,752
JBrowse link
G Pparg peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of PPARG mRNA CTD PMID:21569430 NCBI chr 4:147,274,055...147,399,383
Ensembl chr 4:147,274,107...147,399,380
JBrowse link
G Rad51ap1 RAD51 associated protein 1 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of RAD51AP1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 4:159,469,803...159,482,869
Ensembl chr 4:159,469,804...159,482,869
JBrowse link
G Rad51d RAD51 paralog D increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of RAD51D mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr10:70,222,703...70,241,352
Ensembl chr10:70,227,163...70,241,254
JBrowse link
G Rara retinoic acid receptor, alpha decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of RARA mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr10:86,838,819...86,884,224
Ensembl chr10:86,860,685...86,884,210
JBrowse link
G Rarb retinoic acid receptor, beta increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of RARB mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr15:9,915,223...10,262,599
Ensembl chr15:10,120,206...10,262,599
JBrowse link
G Rarres1 retinoic acid receptor responder 1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of RARRES1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 2:164,650,722...164,684,982
Ensembl chr 2:164,650,722...164,684,985
JBrowse link
G Rbp4 retinol binding protein 4 multiple interactions ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of and results in decreased secretion of RBP4 protein CTD PMID:22542753 NCBI chr 1:256,806,476...256,813,678
Ensembl chr 1:256,806,472...256,813,711
JBrowse link
G Rela RELA proto-oncogene, NF-kB subunit decreases phosphorylation ISO beta Carotene results in decreased phosphorylation of RELA protein CTD PMID:26733226 NCBI chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
Ensembl chr 1:220,992,770...221,003,249
JBrowse link
G Rpp14 ribonuclease P/MRP subunit p14 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of RPP14 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr15:18,625,963...18,636,157
Ensembl chr15:18,625,964...18,632,536
JBrowse link
G Rrm1 ribonucleotide reductase catalytic subunit M1 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of RRM1 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 1:167,538,387...167,562,688
Ensembl chr 1:167,538,263...167,562,688
JBrowse link
G Rxra retinoid X receptor alpha multiple interactions ISO beta Carotene promotes the reaction [[RXRA protein binds to NR1I2 protein] which results in increased expression of CYP3A4 mRNA] CTD PMID:16632523 NCBI chr 3:6,272,560...6,295,354
Ensembl chr 3:6,211,789...6,295,908
JBrowse link
G Scarb1 scavenger receptor class B, member 1 increases transport ISO SCARB1 protein results in increased transport of beta Carotene CTD PMID:16177187 NCBI chr12:36,694,952...36,761,445
Ensembl chr12:36,694,960...36,761,455
JBrowse link
G Six6 SIX homeobox 6 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of SIX6 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 6:95,816,749...95,821,729
Ensembl chr 6:95,816,749...95,821,729
JBrowse link
G Slc2a4 solute carrier family 2 member 4 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of SLC2A4 mRNA CTD PMID:21569430 NCBI chr10:56,552,921...56,558,562
Ensembl chr10:56,552,983...56,558,487
JBrowse link
G Sod1 superoxide dismutase 1 decreases expression ISO beta Carotene results in decreased expression of SOD1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr11:30,363,282...30,368,858
Ensembl chr11:30,363,280...30,368,862
JBrowse link
G Sod2 superoxide dismutase 2 multiple interactions EXP [alpha-Tocopherol co-treated with beta Carotene co-treated with Ascorbic Acid co-treated with Zinc co-treated with Sodium Selenite] results in decreased expression of SOD2 mRNA; [Ascorbic Acid co-treated with Vitamin E co-treated with beta Carotene co-treated with Copper] inhibits the reaction [Streptozocin results in decreased expression of SOD2 mRNA]; [Ascorbic Acid co-treated with Vitamin E co-treated with beta Carotene co-treated with Copper] inhibits the reaction [Streptozocin results in decreased expression of SOD2 protein] CTD PMID:18779489, PMID:23859036 NCBI chr 1:47,914,757...47,921,587
Ensembl chr 1:47,914,759...47,921,587
JBrowse link
G Sptlc2 serine palmitoyltransferase, long chain base subunit 2 affects expression ISO beta Carotene affects the expression of SPTLC2 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 6:111,334,408...111,417,960
Ensembl chr 6:111,339,136...111,417,954
JBrowse link
G Srebf1 sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of SREBF1 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr10:46,570,996...46,593,021
Ensembl chr10:46,570,996...46,593,009
JBrowse link
G Tfcp2 transcription factor CP2 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of TFCP2 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 7:142,138,836...142,181,036
Ensembl chr 7:142,138,844...142,180,997
JBrowse link
G Tgm2 transglutaminase 2 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of TGM2 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 3:154,597,165...154,627,257
Ensembl chr 3:154,597,168...154,627,257
JBrowse link
G Tgm4 transglutaminase 4 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of TGM4 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 8:132,117,279...132,157,485
Ensembl chr 8:132,120,452...132,157,485
JBrowse link
G Thoc7 THO complex 7 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of THOC7 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr15:12,569,235...12,584,101
Ensembl chr15:12,569,235...12,584,094
JBrowse link
G Tmem209 transmembrane protein 209 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of TMEM209 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 4:57,796,337...57,823,283
Ensembl chr 4:57,796,338...57,823,295
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions ISO beta Carotene affects the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in increased secretion of TNF protein]; beta Carotene promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased secretion of TNF protein]; pyrazolanthrone inhibits the reaction [beta Carotene promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased secretion of TNF protein]]; Quercetin affects the reaction [beta Carotene affects the reaction [Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate results in increased secretion of TNF protein]]; Quercetin inhibits the reaction [beta Carotene promotes the reaction [Benzo(a)pyrene results in increased secretion of TNF protein]]
beta Carotene promotes the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased secretion of TNF protein]
CTD PMID:19135038, PMID:21447443 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Tnfrsf9 TNF receptor superfamily member 9 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of TNFRSF9 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 5:168,009,245...168,035,813
Ensembl chr 5:168,009,393...168,035,810
JBrowse link
G Tnfsf10 TNF superfamily member 10 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of TNFSF10 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 2:113,008,008...113,026,899
Ensembl chr 2:113,007,549...113,026,899
JBrowse link
G Ttc21b tetratricopeptide repeat domain 21B multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of TTC21B mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 3:52,286,794...52,361,060
Ensembl chr 3:52,286,794...52,361,060
JBrowse link
G Twf1 twinfilin actin-binding protein 1 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of TWF1 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 7:135,838,647...135,850,542
Ensembl chr 7:135,838,648...135,850,542
JBrowse link
G Txndc9 thioredoxin domain containing 9 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of TXNDC9 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 9:44,647,707...44,657,779
Ensembl chr 9:44,647,707...44,657,779
JBrowse link
G Tymp thymidine phosphorylase multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of TYMP mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 7:130,342,481...130,347,845
Ensembl chr 7:130,342,483...130,347,587
JBrowse link
G Xrcc3 X-ray repair cross complementing 3 increases expression ISO beta Carotene results in increased expression of XRCC3 mRNA CTD PMID:17034753 NCBI chr 6:136,366,917...136,380,751
Ensembl chr 6:136,371,555...136,379,348
JBrowse link
G Ythdc2 YTH domain containing 2 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of YTHDC2 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 1:182,072,386...182,141,399
Ensembl chr 1:182,085,899...182,140,570
JBrowse link
G Zdhhc3 zinc finger DHHC-type palmitoyltransferase 3 multiple interactions ISO [BCO1 protein affects the susceptibility to beta Carotene] which affects the expression of ZDHHC3 mRNA CTD PMID:24657404 NCBI chr 8:132,156,216...132,204,484
Ensembl chr 8:132,160,172...132,189,388
JBrowse link
astaxanthin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Aifm1 apoptosis inducing factor, mitochondria associated 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of AIFM1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr  X:135,304,063...135,343,062
Ensembl chr  X:135,304,066...135,343,087
JBrowse link
G App amyloid beta precursor protein multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of APP mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr11:24,425,013...24,641,872
Ensembl chr11:24,425,005...24,641,858
JBrowse link
G C1qa complement C1q A chain decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of C1QA mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 5:155,261,254...155,264,101
Ensembl chr 5:155,261,250...155,264,143
JBrowse link
G Cat catalase multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of CAT mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 3:93,379,872...93,412,058
Ensembl chr 3:93,379,874...93,412,058
JBrowse link
G Cntd1 cyclin N-terminal domain containing 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of CNTD1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:89,199,988...89,210,369
Ensembl chr10:89,199,880...89,209,393
JBrowse link
G Cox15 cytochrome c oxidase assembly homolog COX15 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX15 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 1:263,494,850...263,511,510
Ensembl chr 1:263,494,852...263,511,505
JBrowse link
G Cox5a cytochrome c oxidase subunit 5A multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX5A mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 8:62,298,358...62,309,765
Ensembl chr 8:62,298,358...62,309,765
JBrowse link
G Cox5b cytochrome c oxidase subunit 5B multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX5B mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 9:43,259,706...43,262,039
Ensembl chr 9:43,259,709...43,262,040
JBrowse link
G Cox6b1 cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6B1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX6B1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 1:89,075,987...89,084,834
Ensembl chr 1:89,075,975...89,084,859
Ensembl chr 2:89,075,975...89,084,859
JBrowse link
G Cox6c cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6C multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX6C mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 7:74,723,177...74,735,650
Ensembl chr 7:74,723,179...74,735,650
JBrowse link
G Ctss cathepsin S decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of CTSS mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 2:197,655,780...197,679,768
Ensembl chr 2:197,655,786...197,679,458
JBrowse link
G Cybb cytochrome b-245 beta chain multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of NOX2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of NOX2 protein]; tin protoporphyrin IX inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of NOX2 mRNA]]
astaxanthine results in decreased expression of NOX2 mRNA
CTD PMID:23272707 NCBI chr  X:14,578,330...14,610,049
Ensembl chr  X:14,578,264...14,612,547
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP astaxanthine results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein
astaxanthine results in increased expression of CYP1A1 mRNA
CTD PMID:21414371 NCBI chr 8:62,472,087...62,478,122
Ensembl chr 8:62,472,095...62,478,147
JBrowse link
G Foxo3 forkhead box O3 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of FOXO3 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr20:46,428,078...46,519,156
Ensembl chr20:46,428,124...46,519,144
JBrowse link
G G6pd glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase increases activity
multiple interactions
EXP astaxanthine results in increased activity of G6PD protein
[Cadmium co-treated with astaxanthine] results in decreased activity of G6PD protein
CTD PMID:28665548, PMID:29975440 NCBI chr  X:156,274,800...156,293,935
Ensembl chr  X:156,274,800...156,293,926
JBrowse link
G Gfap glial fibrillary acidic protein decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of GFAP mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr10:90,990,762...90,999,435
Ensembl chr10:90,990,762...90,999,506
JBrowse link
G Gja1 gap junction protein, alpha 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO astaxanthine results in increased expression of GJA1 protein
2-chloro-5-nitrobenzanilide inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine results in increased expression of GJA1 protein]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [4-(2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthalenyl)-1-propenyl)benzoic acid results in increased expression of GJA1 protein]
CTD PMID:16091010 NCBI chr20:37,876,650...37,889,097
Ensembl chr20:37,876,650...37,889,089
JBrowse link
G Gna13 G protein subunit alpha 13 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GNA13 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:97,647,196...97,680,030
Ensembl chr10:97,647,111...97,684,730
JBrowse link
G Gpx3 glutathione peroxidase 3 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GPX3 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:40,247,436...40,255,423
Ensembl chr10:40,247,436...40,255,422
JBrowse link
G Grin1 glutamate ionotropic receptor NMDA type subunit 1 multiple interactions EXP [mithramycin A co-treated with astaxanthine] inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [mithramycin A inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 mRNA]]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [mithramycin A inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]]; mithramycin A promotes the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 mRNA]]; mithramycin A promotes the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of GRIN1 protein]] CTD PMID:23538867 NCBI chr 3:2,507,745...2,534,664
Ensembl chr 3:2,506,896...2,534,663
JBrowse link
G Grn granulin precursor multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GRN mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:90,377,103...90,383,207
Ensembl chr10:90,376,933...90,383,205
JBrowse link
G Gsr glutathione-disulfide reductase multiple interactions EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [Cadmium results in decreased activity of GSR protein] CTD PMID:29975440 NCBI chr16:62,197,617...62,239,987
Ensembl chr16:62,197,617...62,241,361
JBrowse link
G Gstm2 glutathione S-transferase mu 2 multiple interactions
increases expression
ISO [astaxanthine co-treated with Docosahexaenoic Acids] results in increased expression of GSTM2 mRNA; [astaxanthine co-treated with Eicosapentaenoic Acid] results in increased expression of GSTM2 mRNA
astaxanthine results in increased expression of GSTM2 mRNA
CTD PMID:24157545 NCBI chr 2:210,778,041...210,782,807
Ensembl chr 2:210,720,704...210,782,856
JBrowse link
G Hmgb1 high mobility group box 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of HMGB1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr12:7,082,529...7,090,246
Ensembl chr16:37,500,017...37,502,237
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 increases expression
decreases expression
multiple interactions
EXP
ISO
astaxanthine results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein
astaxanthine results in decreased expression of HMOX1 mRNA
[astaxanthine co-treated with Cyclophosphamide] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; tin protoporphyrin IX inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA]]; tin protoporphyrin IX inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]]
astaxanthine results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA
[astaxanthine co-treated with Docosahexaenoic Acids] results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA; [astaxanthine co-treated with Eicosapentaenoic Acid] results in increased expression of HMOX1 mRNA
CTD PMID:20038455, PMID:23272707, PMID:24157545 NCBI chr19:14,508,634...14,515,455
Ensembl chr19:14,508,616...14,515,456
JBrowse link
G Hoxa9 homeobox A9 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of HOXA9 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424
G Idh1 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of IDH1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 9:71,882,108...71,911,645
Ensembl chr 9:71,882,105...71,900,044
JBrowse link
G Il1b interleukin 1 beta decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of IL1B mRNA; astaxanthine results in decreased expression of IL1B protein CTD PMID:21621527 NCBI chr 3:121,876,256...121,882,637
Ensembl chr 3:121,876,263...121,882,726
JBrowse link
G Il6 interleukin 6 decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of IL6 mRNA CTD PMID:21621527 NCBI chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
Ensembl chr 4:3,043,231...3,047,807
JBrowse link
G Lepr leptin receptor multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of AIFM1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of APP mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of CAT mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of CNTD1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX15 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX5A mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX5B mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX6B1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of COX6C mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of FOXO3 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GNA13 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GPX3 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of GRN mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of HMGB1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of HOXA9 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of IDH1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of ND6 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFA1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFA5 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFC2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFV2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NME2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of PPP1CB mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of PRDX1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of RPS2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of SOD1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of SPP1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of TGM2 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of TKT mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UBB mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UQCRB mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UQCRC2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 5:120,503,475...120,682,281
Ensembl chr 5:120,564,645...120,682,221
JBrowse link
G Mt-nd6 mitochondrially encoded NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 6 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of ND6 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr MT:13,543...14,061
Ensembl chr MT:13,543...14,061
JBrowse link
G Ndufa1 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit A1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFA1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr  X:123,803,109...123,806,760
Ensembl chr  X:124,513,269...124,516,705
Ensembl chr  X:124,513,269...124,516,705
JBrowse link
G Ndufa5 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit A5 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFA5 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 4:51,590,413...51,598,771
Ensembl chr 4:51,590,413...51,598,771
JBrowse link
G Ndufc2 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase subunit C2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFC2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 1:162,369,801...162,376,024
Ensembl chr 1:162,369,801...162,376,023
JBrowse link
G Ndufv2 NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit V2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NDUFV2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 9:113,875,718...113,900,169
Ensembl chr 9:113,875,703...113,900,190
JBrowse link
G Nfe2l2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2-like 2 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP
ISO
astaxanthine results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein
[astaxanthine co-treated with Cyclophosphamide] results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein]; tin protoporphyrin IX inhibits the reaction [astaxanthine promotes the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium results in increased expression of NFE2L2 protein]]
astaxanthine results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA
[astaxanthine co-treated with Docosahexaenoic Acids] results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA; [astaxanthine co-treated with Eicosapentaenoic Acid] results in increased expression of NFE2L2 mRNA
CTD PMID:20038455, PMID:23272707, PMID:24157545 NCBI chr 3:62,497,568...62,525,146
Ensembl chr 3:62,497,571...62,524,996
JBrowse link
G Nme2 NME/NM23 nucleoside diphosphate kinase 2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of NME2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:81,648,216...81,653,717
Ensembl chr10:81,648,216...81,653,717
JBrowse link
G Nqo1 NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP
ISO
[astaxanthine co-treated with Cyclophosphamide] results in increased expression of NQO1 protein
[astaxanthine co-treated with Docosahexaenoic Acids] results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA; [astaxanthine co-treated with Eicosapentaenoic Acid] results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA
astaxanthine results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA
astaxanthine results in increased expression of NQO1 protein
CTD PMID:20038455, PMID:24157545 NCBI chr19:38,422,210...38,437,103
Ensembl chr19:38,422,164...38,437,180
JBrowse link
G Pah phenylalanine hydroxylase decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of PAH mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 7:28,066,639...28,129,772
Ensembl chr 7:28,066,635...28,129,769
JBrowse link
G Pgd phosphogluconate dehydrogenase increases activity EXP astaxanthine results in increased activity of PGD protein CTD PMID:28665548, PMID:29975440 NCBI chr 5:165,966,128...165,982,327 JBrowse link
G Por cytochrome p450 oxidoreductase decreases activity
increases expression
EXP astaxanthine results in decreased activity of POR protein
astaxanthine results in increased expression of POR protein
CTD PMID:21414371 NCBI chr12:23,998,411...24,017,063
Ensembl chr12:23,998,411...24,046,814
JBrowse link
G Ppp1cb protein phosphatase 1 catalytic subunit beta multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of PPP1CB mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 6:23,548,507...23,581,136
Ensembl chr 6:23,549,317...23,581,052
JBrowse link
G Prdx1 peroxiredoxin 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of PRDX1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 5:135,536,413...135,551,986
Ensembl chr 5:135,536,413...135,551,990
JBrowse link
G Ptgs2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of PTGS2 mRNA CTD PMID:21621527 NCBI chr13:67,351,230...67,356,920
Ensembl chr13:67,351,087...67,359,335
JBrowse link
G Rps2 ribosomal protein S2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of RPS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:14,088,171...14,090,020
Ensembl chr10:14,088,319...14,089,979
JBrowse link
G Skap2 src kinase associated phosphoprotein 2 decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of SKAP2 mRNA CTD PMID:19555370 NCBI chr 4:81,816,778...81,968,832
Ensembl chr 4:81,818,569...81,968,832
JBrowse link
G Sod1 superoxide dismutase 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of SOD1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr11:30,363,282...30,368,858
Ensembl chr11:30,363,280...30,368,862
JBrowse link
G Sp1 Sp1 transcription factor multiple interactions EXP [mithramycin A co-treated with astaxanthine] inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of and affects the localization of SP1 protein]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 mRNA]; astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 protein]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [mithramycin A inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 mRNA]]; astaxanthine promotes the reaction [mithramycin A inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 protein]]; mithramycin A promotes the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 mRNA]]; mithramycin A promotes the reaction [astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine results in increased expression of SP1 protein]] CTD PMID:23538867 NCBI chr 7:144,014,173...144,044,635
Ensembl chr 7:144,014,173...144,044,629
JBrowse link
G Spp1 secreted phosphoprotein 1 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of SPP1 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr14:6,673,686...6,679,965
Ensembl chr14:6,673,686...6,679,901
JBrowse link
G Tgm2 transglutaminase 2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of TGM2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 3:154,597,165...154,627,257
Ensembl chr 3:154,597,168...154,627,257
JBrowse link
G Tkt transketolase multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of TKT mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr16:6,609,670...6,634,608
Ensembl chr16:6,609,668...6,634,595
JBrowse link
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor decreases expression ISO astaxanthine results in decreased expression of TNF protein CTD PMID:21621527 NCBI chr20:5,189,382...5,192,000
Ensembl chr20:5,189,390...5,192,000
JBrowse link
G Tp53 tumor protein p53 multiple interactions EXP astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [Cyclophosphamide results in increased expression of TP53 protein] CTD PMID:20038455 NCBI chr10:56,186,299...56,198,449
Ensembl chr10:56,187,020...56,198,449
JBrowse link
G Ubb ubiquitin B multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UBB mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr10:48,880,231...48,881,896
Ensembl chr10:48,881,049...48,881,881
JBrowse link
G Uqcrb ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase binding protein multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UQCRB mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 7:71,264,501...71,269,869
Ensembl chr 7:71,264,514...71,269,869
Ensembl chr 1:71,264,514...71,269,869
JBrowse link
G Uqcrc2 ubiquinol cytochrome c reductase core protein 2 multiple interactions ISO astaxanthine inhibits the reaction [LEPR gene mutant form results in increased expression of UQCRC2 mRNA] CTD PMID:16964424 NCBI chr 1:190,555,177...190,585,741
Ensembl chr 1:190,555,177...190,585,734
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canthaxanthin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cyp1a1 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 1 increases expression ISO
EXP
Canthaxanthin results in increased expression of CYP1A1 mRNA CTD PMID:9271336 NCBI chr 8:62,472,087...62,478,122
Ensembl chr 8:62,472,095...62,478,147
JBrowse link
G Cyp1a2 cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily a, polypeptide 2 increases expression EXP
ISO
Canthaxanthin results in increased expression of CYP1A2 mRNA CTD PMID:9271336 NCBI chr 8:62,451,360...62,458,244
Ensembl chr 8:62,451,329...62,458,301
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Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19787
    role 19734
      chemical role 19250
        antioxidant 14211
          beta-carotene 211
            4,4-dihydroxy-all-trans-beta-carotene 0
            4-hydroxy-all-trans-beta-carotene 0
            astacene 0
            astaxanthin 56
            beta-carotene 5,6-epoxide + 0
            beta-cryptoxanthin + 0
            canthaxanthin 2
            echinenone + 0
            meso-zeaxanthin 0
            zeaxanthin + 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19787
    subatomic particle 19784
      composite particle 19784
        hadron 19784
          baryon 19784
            nucleon 19784
              atomic nucleus 19784
                atom 19784
                  main group element atom 19672
                    main group molecular entity 19672
                      s-block molecular entity 19430
                        hydrogen molecular entity 19420
                          hydrides 18686
                            organic hydride 18249
                              organic fundamental parent 18249
                                hydrocarbon 17969
                                  terpene 9594
                                    tetraterpene 416
                                      carotene 416
                                        carotenoid 416
                                          carotenoid beta-end group 246
                                            beta-carotene 211
                                              4,4-dihydroxy-all-trans-beta-carotene 0
                                              4-hydroxy-all-trans-beta-carotene 0
                                              astacene 0
                                              astaxanthin 56
                                              beta-carotene 5,6-epoxide + 0
                                              beta-cryptoxanthin + 0
                                              canthaxanthin 2
                                              echinenone + 0
                                              meso-zeaxanthin 0
                                              zeaxanthin + 0
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.