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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:thymidine
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Accession:CHEBI:17748 term browser browse the term
Definition:A pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside having thymine as the nucleobase.
Synonyms:related_synonym: 1-(2-deoxy-beta-D-erythro-pentofuranosyl)-5-methylpyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione;   2'-deoxy-5-methyluridine;   2'-deoxythymidine;   2'-thymidine;   5-methyl-2'-deoxyuridine;   Deoxythymidine;   Formula=C10H14N2O5;   InChI=1S/C10H14N2O5/c1-5-3-12(10(16)11-9(5)15)8-2-6(14)7(4-13)17-8/h3,6-8,13-14H,2,4H2,1H3,(H,11,15,16)/t6-,7+,8+/m0/s1;   InChIKey=IQFYYKKMVGJFEH-XLPZGREQSA-N;   SMILES=Cc1cn([C@H]2C[C@H](O)[C@@H](CO)O2)c(=O)[nH]c1=O;   T;   dThd;   thymine 2'-deoxyriboside
 alt_id: CHEBI:15244;   CHEBI:19273;   CHEBI:45782;   CHEBI:45834;   CHEBI:45917;   CHEBI:9579
 xref: Beilstein:89285;   CAS:50-89-5;   DrugBank:DB04485;   Gmelin:282610;   HMDB:HMDB0000273;   KEGG:C00214;   KNApSAcK:C00019698
 xref_mesh: MESH:D013936
 xref: MetaCyc:THYMIDINE;   PDBeChem:THM;   PMID:22770225;   PMID:2559771;   Reaxys:89285;   Wikipedia:Thymidine
 cyclic_relationship: is_enantiomer_of CHEBI:63624


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thymidine term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Acta2 actin alpha 2, smooth muscle increases expression
multiple interactions
ISO Thymidine results in increased expression of ACTA2 mRNA
4-(5-benzo(1,3)dioxol-5-yl-4-pyridin-2-yl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)benzamide inhibits the reaction [Thymidine results in increased expression of ACTA2 mRNA]
CTD PMID:31170432 NCBI chr 1:252,537,614...252,550,394
Ensembl chr 1:252,537,615...252,550,394
JBrowse link
G Alpi alkaline phosphatase, intestinal multiple interactions ISO Thymidine promotes the reaction [Methotrexate results in increased activity of ALPI protein] CTD PMID:16598758 NCBI chr 9:94,197,616...94,201,910
Ensembl chr 9:94,197,618...94,201,084
JBrowse link
G Bax BCL2 associated X, apoptosis regulator multiple interactions ISO Thymidine inhibits the reaction [Adenosine results in increased localization of BAX protein] CTD PMID:11570579 NCBI chr 1:101,451,801...101,457,207
Ensembl chr 1:101,451,802...101,457,207
JBrowse link
G Casp3 caspase 3 multiple interactions
increases activity
ISO Thymidine inhibits the reaction [Adenosine results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]
Thymidine results in increased activity of CASP3 protein
CTD PMID:11570579, PMID:16419169 NCBI chr16:48,845,011...48,863,249
Ensembl chr16:48,845,012...48,863,204
JBrowse link
G Casp9 caspase 9 multiple interactions ISO Thymidine inhibits the reaction [Adenosine results in increased activity of CASP9 protein] CTD PMID:11570579 NCBI chr 5:160,356,211...160,373,774
Ensembl chr 5:160,355,833...160,373,778
JBrowse link
G Csf1 colony stimulating factor 1 increases uptake ISO CSF1 protein results in increased uptake of Thymidine CTD PMID:8193360 NCBI chr 2:210,522,370...210,550,546
Ensembl chr 2:210,522,375...210,550,560
JBrowse link
G Csf2 colony stimulating factor 2 increases uptake ISO CSF2 protein results in increased uptake of Thymidine CTD PMID:8193360 NCBI chr10:39,602,089...39,604,070
Ensembl chr10:39,602,089...39,604,070
JBrowse link
G Edn1 endothelin 1 increases uptake ISO EDN1 protein results in increased uptake of Thymidine CTD PMID:10100047 NCBI chr17:22,136,814...22,143,745
Ensembl chr17:22,137,324...22,143,324
JBrowse link
G Faslg Fas ligand increases expression ISO Thymidine results in increased expression of FASLG protein CTD PMID:16419169 NCBI chr13:79,696,811...79,717,581
Ensembl chr13:79,698,445...79,705,705
JBrowse link
G Hif1a hypoxia inducible factor 1 subunit alpha multiple interactions ISO [Thymidine co-treated with TYMP co-treated with Oxygen deficiency] results in increased expression of HIF1A protein CTD PMID:15841086 NCBI chr 6:96,810,868...96,856,303
Ensembl chr 6:96,810,907...96,856,052
JBrowse link
G Hmox1 heme oxygenase 1 multiple interactions ISO [Thymidine co-treated with TYMP protein] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein; [TYMP protein co-treated with Thymidine] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein; Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [[TYMP protein co-treated with Thymidine] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; Thymine inhibits the reaction [[TYMP protein co-treated with Thymidine] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein] CTD PMID:11103787, PMID:15841086 NCBI chr19:14,508,634...14,515,455
Ensembl chr19:14,508,616...14,515,456
JBrowse link
G Igf1 insulin-like growth factor 1 decreases uptake
multiple interactions
ISO IGF1 protein results in decreased uptake of Thymidine
[Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin co-treated with Estradiol] inhibits the reaction [IGF1 protein results in increased uptake of Thymidine]; Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin inhibits the reaction [IGF1 protein results in decreased uptake of Thymidine]
CTD PMID:1332906 NCBI chr 7:28,412,123...28,491,815
Ensembl chr 7:28,412,198...28,486,609
JBrowse link
G Mmp1 matrix metallopeptidase 1 multiple interactions ISO [Thymidine co-treated with TYMP protein] results in increased expression of MMP1 protein; Thymine inhibits the reaction [[Thymidine co-treated with TYMP protein] results in increased expression of MMP1 protein] CTD PMID:11103787 NCBI chr 8:5,703,206...5,723,593
Ensembl chr 8:5,703,206...5,723,591
JBrowse link
G Mtr 5-methyltetrahydrofolate-homocysteine methyltransferase multiple interactions ISO [Thymidine co-treated with Hypoxanthine co-treated with 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofolic acid] inhibits the reaction [Methotrexate results in decreased expression of MTR protein]; [Thymidine co-treated with Hypoxanthine] inhibits the reaction [Methotrexate results in decreased expression of MTR protein] CTD PMID:16598758 NCBI chr17:66,210,444...66,295,014
Ensembl chr17:66,210,461...66,295,014
JBrowse link
G Myc MYC proto-oncogene, bHLH transcription factor multiple interactions ISO Thymidine inhibits the reaction [Adenosine results in decreased expression of MYC protein] CTD PMID:9808420 NCBI chr 7:102,586,313...102,591,240
Ensembl chr 7:102,586,313...102,591,240
JBrowse link
G Slc28a1 solute carrier family 28 member 1 multiple interactions ISO Thymidine inhibits the reaction [SLC28A1 protein results in increased uptake of Uridine] CTD PMID:9124315 NCBI chr 1:142,948,942...142,992,410
Ensembl chr 1:142,950,540...142,992,615
JBrowse link
G Slc29a1 solute carrier family 29 member 1 multiple interactions ISO
EXP
Thymidine inhibits the reaction [SLC29A1 protein results in increased uptake of Uridine] CTD PMID:9353301, PMID:11085929 NCBI chr 9:17,784,468...17,799,008
Ensembl chr 9:17,784,468...17,799,005
JBrowse link
G Slc29a2 solute carrier family 29 member 2 multiple interactions ISO Thymidine inhibits the reaction [SLC29A2 protein results in increased uptake of Uridine] CTD PMID:11085929 NCBI chr 1:220,306,622...220,314,631
Ensembl chr 1:220,400,855...220,407,189
Ensembl chr 1:220,400,855...220,407,189
JBrowse link
G Tymp thymidine phosphorylase multiple interactions
increases phosphorylation
ISO [Thymidine co-treated with TYMP co-treated with Oxygen deficiency] results in increased expression of HIF1A protein; [Thymidine co-treated with TYMP protein] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein; [Thymidine co-treated with TYMP protein] results in increased expression of MMP1 protein; [Thymidine co-treated with TYMP protein] results in increased secretion of CXCL8 protein; [TYMP protein co-treated with Thymidine] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein; Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [[TYMP protein co-treated with Thymidine] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]; Thymine inhibits the reaction [[Thymidine co-treated with TYMP protein] results in increased expression of MMP1 protein]; Thymine inhibits the reaction [[Thymidine co-treated with TYMP protein] results in increased secretion of CXCL8 protein]; Thymine inhibits the reaction [[TYMP protein co-treated with Thymidine] results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein]
TYMP protein results in increased phosphorylation of Thymidine
CTD PMID:11103787, PMID:15841086 NCBI chr 7:130,342,481...130,347,845
Ensembl chr 7:130,342,483...130,347,587
JBrowse link
G Tyms thymidylate synthetase multiple interactions ISO Thymidine inhibits the reaction [Fluorouracil results in decreased expression of TYMS] CTD PMID:9050858 NCBI chr 9:121,918,875...121,931,564
Ensembl chr 9:121,918,947...121,931,564
JBrowse link
dTDP term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Gale UDP-galactose-4-epimerase affects binding ISO thymidine 5'-diphosphate binds to GALE protein CTD PMID:25526675 NCBI chr 5:154,310,453...154,314,959
Ensembl chr 5:154,310,453...154,314,955
JBrowse link
G Uxs1 UDP-glucuronate decarboxylase 1 multiple interactions ISO [thymidine 5'-diphosphate co-treated with NAD] binds to UXS1 protein CTD PMID:25526675 NCBI chr 9:11,165,006...11,240,329
Ensembl chr 9:11,164,715...11,339,790
JBrowse link
dTMP term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Idh2 isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)) 2 multiple interactions
increases abundance
ISO Triazines inhibits the reaction [IDH2 protein mutant form results in increased abundance of Thymidine Monophosphate] CTD PMID:27469509 NCBI chr 1:141,874,354...141,893,674
Ensembl chr 1:141,866,283...141,893,705
JBrowse link
G Tyms thymidylate synthetase multiple interactions ISO [Fluorouracil results in decreased activity of TYMS protein] which results in decreased abundance of Thymidine Monophosphate CTD PMID:29258758 NCBI chr 9:121,918,875...121,931,564
Ensembl chr 9:121,918,947...121,931,564
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19816
    role 19764
      biological role 19764
        biochemical role 19313
          metabolite 19294
            thymidine 23
              5'-O-\{[3-(benzoyloxy)-3-oxopropyl]carbamoyl\}thymidine 0
              5,6-dihydrothymidine 0
              alpha-tritiated thymidine 0
              polyoxin + 0
              thymidine phosphate + 4
              tritiated thymidine + 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19816
    subatomic particle 19814
      composite particle 19814
        hadron 19814
          baryon 19814
            nucleon 19814
              atomic nucleus 19814
                atom 19814
                  main group element atom 19702
                    p-block element atom 19702
                      carbon group element atom 19608
                        carbon atom 19597
                          organic molecular entity 19597
                            heteroorganic entity 19184
                              organochalcogen compound 18894
                                organooxygen compound 18816
                                  carbohydrates and carbohydrate derivatives 12191
                                    carbohydrate 12191
                                      carbohydrate derivative 11814
                                        glycosyl compound 10856
                                          N-glycosyl compound 5340
                                            nucleoside 5200
                                              deoxyribonucleoside 2728
                                                2'-deoxyribonucleoside 2210
                                                  pyrimidine 2'-deoxyribonucleoside 337
                                                    thymidine 23
                                                      5'-O-\{[3-(benzoyloxy)-3-oxopropyl]carbamoyl\}thymidine 0
                                                      5,6-dihydrothymidine 0
                                                      alpha-tritiated thymidine 0
                                                      polyoxin + 0
                                                      thymidine phosphate + 4
                                                      tritiated thymidine + 0
paths to the root

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