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ONTOLOGY REPORT - ANNOTATIONS


Term:insulin (human)
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Accession:CHEBI:5931 term browser browse the term
Definition:A peptide hormone produced in the pancreas and involved in regulating the metabolism of carbohydrates (particularly glucose) and fats. Commonly thought of as a protein, it consists of two petide chains, one containing 21 amino acid residues and the other containing 30; the chains are joined together by 2 disulfide bonds. Recombinant insulin is identical to human insulin, but is synthesised by inserting the human insulin gene into E. coli, which then produces insulin for human use. It is used in the treatment of type I and type II diabetes.
Synonyms:related_synonym: Formula=C256H381N65O77S6;   InChI=1S/C256H381N65O77S6/c1-29-130(23)202(311-190(337)103-258)250(391)315-200(128(19)20)246(387)286-158(75-82-197(347)348)216(357)281-154(70-77-186(261)333)220(361)306-181-115-402-403-116-182-241(382)303-176(110-323)238(379)293-161(88-122(7)8)224(365)294-167(95-139-53-61-145(328)62-54-139)227(368)282-153(69-76-185(260)332)217(358)289-160(87-121(5)6)222(363)283-157(74-81-196(345)346)219(360)301-173(101-188(263)335)233(374)297-169(97-141-57-65-147(330)66-58-141)230(371)307-180(240(381)302-174(254(395)396)102-189(264)336)114-401-400-113-179(213(354)272-106-191(338)277-152(72-79-194(341)342)215(356)280-150(51-42-84-270-256(266)267)211(352)271-107-192(339)278-165(93-137-46-36-32-37-47-137)226(367)296-166(94-138-48-38-33-39-49-138)229(370)298-170(98-142-59-67-148(331)68-60-142)236(377)318-205(134(27)326)253(394)321-85-43-52-184(321)244(385)284-151(50-40-41-83-257)221(362)319-206(135(28)327)255(397)398)309-247(388)199(127(17)18)314-234(375)163(90-124(11)12)291-228(369)168(96-140-55-63-146(329)64-56-140)295-223(364)159(86-120(3)4)288-209(350)132(25)276-214(355)156(73-80-195(343)344)285-245(386)198(126(15)16)313-235(376)164(91-125(13)14)292-232(373)172(100-144-105-269-119-275-144)300-237(378)175(109-322)279-193(340)108-273-212(353)178(112-399-404-117-183(308-242(181)383)243(384)317-204(133(26)325)251(392)304-177(111-324)239(380)316-203(131(24)30-2)249(390)310-182)305-225(366)162(89-123(9)10)290-231(372)171(99-143-104-268-118-274-143)299-218(359)155(71-78-187(262)334)287-252(393)207(208(265)349)320-248(389)201(129(21)22)312-210(351)149(259)92-136-44-34-31-35-45-136/h31-39,44-49,53-68,104-105,118-135,149-184,198-207,322-331H,29-30,40-43,50-52,69-103,106-117,257-259H2,1-28H3,(H2,260,332)(H2,261,333)(H2,262,334)(H2,263,335)(H2,264,336)(H2,265,349)(H,268,274)(H,269,275)(H,271,352)(H,272,354)(H,273,353)(H,276,355)(H,277,338)(H,278,339)(H,279,340)(H,280,356)(H,281,357)(H,282,368)(H,283,363)(H,284,385)(H,285,386)(H,286,387)(H,287,393)(H,288,350)(H,289,358)(H,290,372)(H,291,369)(H,292,373)(H,293,379)(H,294,365)(H,295,364)(H,296,367)(H,297,374)(H,298,370)(H,299,359)(H,300,378)(H,301,360)(H,302,381)(H,303,382)(H,304,392)(H,305,366)(H,306,361)(H,307,371)(H,308,383)(H,309,388)(H,310,390)(H,311,337)(H,312,351)(H,313,376)(H,314,375)(H,315,391)(H,316,380)(H,317,384)(H,318,377)(H,319,362)(H,320,389)(H,341,342)(H,343,344)(H,345,346)(H,347,348)(H,395,396)(H,397,398)(H4,266,267,270)/t130-,131-,132+,133+,134+,135+,149+,150+,151+,152+,153+,154+,155+,156+,157+,158+,159+,160+,161+,162+,163+,164+,165+,166+,167+,168+,169+,170+,171+,172+,173+,174+,175+,176+,177+,178+,179+,180+,181+,182-,183+,184+,198+,199+,200+,201+,202+,203+,204+,205+,206+,207+/m1/s1;   InChIKey=YAJCHEVQCOHZDC-QMMNLEPNSA-N;   Insulin;   Insulin recombinant;   SMILES=CC[C@@H](C)[C@H](NC(=O)CN)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(N)=O)C(=O)N[C@H]1CSSC[C@H]2NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CO)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CSSC[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CC(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H](Cc3c[nH]cn3)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(N)=O)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](N)Cc3ccccc3)C(C)C)C(N)=O)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc3c[nH]cn3)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc3ccc(O)cc3)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](C(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CSSC[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](Cc3ccc(O)cc3)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(N)=O)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(O)=O)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(N)=O)NC(=O)[C@H](Cc3ccc(O)cc3)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(C)C)NC(=O)[C@H](CO)NC2=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(N)=O)C(O)=O)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCNC(N)=N)C(=O)NCC(=O)N[C@@H](Cc2ccccc2)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc2ccccc2)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc2ccc(O)cc2)C(=O)N[C@@H]([C@H](C)O)C(=O)N2CCC[C@H]2C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H]([C@H](C)O)C(O)=O)NC1=O)[C@H](C)O)[C@H](C)CC
 xref: CAS:9004-10-8 "ChemIDplus";   CAS:9004-10-8 "KEGG COMPOUND";   DrugBank:DB00030;   KEGG:C00723;   KEGG:D00085;   PMID:22249812 "Europe PMC";   PMID:22617471 "Europe PMC";   PMID:22715632 "Europe PMC";   PMID:22843207 "Europe PMC";   PMID:8019699 "Europe PMC";   Wikipedia:Insulin


show annotations for term's descendants       view all columns           Sort by:
 
insulin (human) term browser
Symbol Object Name JBrowse Chr Start Stop Reference
G Tnf tumor necrosis factor JBrowse link 20 5,189,382 5,192,000 RGD:15023464

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19749
    chemical entity 19747
      molecular entity 19744
        polyatomic entity 19654
          macromolecule 3205
            polypeptide 184
              insulin (human) 1
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 19749
    subatomic particle 19745
      composite particle 19745
        hadron 19745
          baryon 19745
            nucleon 19745
              atomic nucleus 19745
                atom 19745
                  main group element atom 19630
                    p-block element atom 19630
                      carbon group element atom 19523
                        carbon atom 19517
                          organic molecular entity 19517
                            organic group 18427
                              organic divalent group 18418
                                organodiyl group 18418
                                  carbonyl group 18305
                                    carbonyl compound 18305
                                      carboxylic acid 17972
                                        carboacyl group 17080
                                          univalent carboacyl group 17080
                                            carbamoyl group 16809
                                              carboxamide 16809
                                                peptide 9325
                                                  cyclic peptide 8724
                                                    heterodetic cyclic peptide 1437
                                                      insulin (human) 1
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.