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ONTOLOGY REPORT - ANNOTATIONS


Term:ionomycin
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Accession:CHEBI:63954 term browser browse the term
Definition:A very long-chain fatty acid that is docosa-10,16-dienoic acid which is substituted by methyl groups at positions 4, 6, 8, 12, 14, 18 and 20, by hydroxy groups at positions 11, 19 and 21, and by a (2',5-dimethyloctahydro-2,2'-bifuran-5-yl)ethanol group at position 21. An ionophore produced by Streptomyces conglobatus, it is used in research to raise the intracellular level of Ca(2+) and as a research tool to understand Ca(2+) transport across biological membranes.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: (4R,6S,8S,10Z,12R,14R,16E,18R,19R,20S,21S)-11,19,21-trihydroxy-22-{(2S,2'R,5S,5'S)-5'-[(1R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-2,5'-dimethyloctahydro-2,2'-bifuran-5-yl}-4,6,8,12,14,18,20-heptamethyl-9-oxodocosa-10,16-dienoic acid
 related_synonym: Formula=C41H72O9;   InChI=1S/C41H72O9/c1-25(21-29(5)34(43)24-35(44)30(6)22-27(3)20-26(2)14-15-38(46)47)12-11-13-28(4)39(48)31(7)36(45)23-33-16-18-41(10,49-33)37-17-19-40(9,50-37)32(8)42/h11,13,24-33,36-37,39,42-43,45,48H,12,14-23H2,1-10H3,(H,46,47)/b13-11+,34-24-/t25-,26-,27+,28-,29-,30+,31+,32-,33+,36+,37-,39-,40+,41+/m1/s1;   InChIKey=PGHMRUGBZOYCAA-ADZNBVRBSA-N;   SMILES=[H][C@]1(CC[C@](C)(O1)[C@@]1([H])CC[C@](C)(O1)[C@@H](C)O)C[C@H](O)[C@H](C)[C@H](O)[C@H](C)\\C=C\\C[C@@H](C)C[C@@H](C)C(\\O)=C\\C(=O)[C@@H](C)C[C@@H](C)C[C@H](C)CCC(O)=O
 xref: CAS:56092-81-0 "ChemIDplus"
 xref_mesh: MESH:D015759
 xref: PMID:19079959 "Europe PMC";   PMID:19496091 "Europe PMC";   Patent:US3873693;   Reaxys:3642126 "Reaxys"


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  CHEBI ontology 0
    role 0
      biological role 0
        biochemical role 0
          metabolite 0
            ionomycin 0
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  CHEBI ontology 0
    subatomic particle 0
      composite particle 0
        hadron 0
          baryon 0
            nucleon 0
              atomic nucleus 0
                atom 0
                  main group element atom 0
                    p-block element atom 0
                      carbon group element atom 0
                        carbon atom 0
                          organic molecular entity 0
                            organic group 0
                              organic divalent group 0
                                organodiyl group 0
                                  carbonyl group 0
                                    carbonyl compound 0
                                      carboxylic acid 0
                                        monocarboxylic acid 0
                                          fatty acid 0
                                            unsaturated fatty acid 0
                                              polyunsaturated fatty acid 0
                                                ionomycin 0
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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.