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CHEBI ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

The Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) ontology is downloaded weekly from EMBL-EBI at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/. The data is made available under the Creative Commons License (CC BY 3.0, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). For more information see: Degtyarenko et al. (2008) ChEBI: a database and ontology for chemical entities of biological interest. Nucleic Acids Res. 36, D344–D350.

Term:astringent
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Accession:CHEBI:74783 term browser browse the term
Definition:A compound that causes the contraction of body tissues, typically used to reduce bleeding from minor abrasions.
Synonyms:related_synonym: adstringent;   adstringents;   astringents
 xref: Wikipedia:Astringent


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(-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AHR aryl hydrocarbon receptor multiple interactions EXP epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl affects the localization of and results in increased activity of AHR protein]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl results in increased activity of AHR protein]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [[alpha-naphthoflavone co-treated with 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl] results in increased activity of AHR protein]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [alpha-naphthoflavone results in increased activity of AHR protein] CTD PMID:12970578, PMID:22521609 NCBI chr 9:86,511,866...86,555,950
Ensembl chr 9:86,511,369...86,555,943
JBrowse link
G CCL2 chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl results in increased expression of CCL2 mRNA]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl results in increased expression of CCL2 protein]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [titanium dioxide results in increased expression of CCL2 mRNA]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of CCL2 protein]; HMOX1 protein promotes the reaction [epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of CCL2 protein]]
epigallocatechin gallate results in decreased expression of CCL2 mRNA
CTD PMID:20580034, PMID:22521609, PMID:23380242 NCBI chr12:40,798,109...40,800,013
Ensembl chr12:40,798,109...40,800,028
JBrowse link
G CYP1A1 cytochrome P450 1A1 multiple interactions
decreases activity
decreases expression
EXP epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl results in increased expression of CYP1A1 mRNA]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl results in increased expression of CYP1A1 mRNA]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl results in increased expression of CYP1A1 protein]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [beta-Naphthoflavone results in increased activity of CYP1A1 protein]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [beta-Naphthoflavone results in increased expression of CYP1A1 mRNA]
epigallocatechin gallate results in decreased activity of CYP1A1 protein
epigallocatechin gallate results in decreased expression of CYP1A1 mRNA
CTD PMID:12970578, PMID:22521609 NCBI chr 7:58,802,887...58,809,155
Ensembl chr 7:58,780,105...58,809,755
JBrowse link
G GSTO1 glutathione S-transferase omega 1 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP [epigallocatechin gallate co-treated with 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl] results in increased expression of GSTO1 mRNA; NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [epigallocatechin gallate results in increased expression of GSTO1 mRNA] CTD PMID:22521609 NCBI chr14:115,206,434...115,216,624
Ensembl chr14:115,206,188...115,216,613
JBrowse link
G HMOX1 heme oxygenase 1 multiple interactions EXP HMOX1 protein promotes the reaction [epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of CCL2 protein]] CTD PMID:20580034
G NFE2L2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2 like 2 multiple interactions EXP NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [epigallocatechin gallate results in increased expression of GSTO1 mRNA]; NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [epigallocatechin gallate results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA] CTD PMID:22521609 NCBI chr15:82,967,485...83,146,185
Ensembl chr15:82,973,648...83,146,183
JBrowse link
G NQO1 NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP epigallocatechin gallate results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA
[epigallocatechin gallate co-treated with 3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl] results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA; NFE2L2 protein affects the reaction [epigallocatechin gallate results in increased expression of NQO1 mRNA]
CTD PMID:22521609 NCBI chr 6:17,292,962...17,302,593
Ensembl chr 6:17,292,769...17,302,590
JBrowse link
G SLCO1A2 solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2 multiple interactions EXP epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [SLCO1A2 protein results in increased uptake of Chlortetracycline]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [SLCO1A2 protein results in increased uptake of estrone sulfate]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [SLCO1A2 protein results in increased uptake of Penicillins]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [SLCO1A2 protein results in increased uptake of Taurocholic Acid] CTD PMID:31287969 NCBI chr 5:52,020,303...52,133,132
Ensembl chr 5:52,037,218...52,131,789
JBrowse link
G TNF tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions EXP epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of CCL2 protein]; HMOX1 protein promotes the reaction [epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [TNF protein results in increased expression of CCL2 protein]] CTD PMID:20580034 NCBI chr 7:23,699,635...23,702,393
Ensembl chr 7:23,699,636...23,703,655
JBrowse link
G VCAM1 vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 multiple interactions
decreases expression
EXP epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl results in increased expression of VCAM1 mRNA]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl results in increased expression of VCAM1 protein]; epigallocatechin gallate inhibits the reaction [titanium dioxide results in increased expression of VCAM1 mRNA]
epigallocatechin gallate results in decreased expression of VCAM1 mRNA
CTD PMID:22521609, PMID:23380242 NCBI chr 4:117,496,914...117,511,211
Ensembl chr 4:117,496,908...117,511,226
JBrowse link
acrolein term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G GOT1 glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase 1 affects metabolic processing
decreases activity
affects folding
EXP Acrolein affects the metabolism of GOT1 protein
Acrolein results in decreased activity of GOT1 protein
Acrolein affects the folding of GOT1 protein
CTD PMID:12365456 NCBI chr14:110,608,422...110,635,825
Ensembl chr14:110,608,430...110,635,874
JBrowse link
aldosterone term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AGT angiotensinogen multiple interactions
increases secretion
EXP 3,4-Dichloro-N-methyl-N-(2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-cyclohexyl)-benzeneacetamide, (trans)-Isomer inhibits the reaction [AGT protein results in increased secretion of Aldosterone]; Enkephalin, D-Penicillamine (2,5)- inhibits the reaction [AGT protein results in increased secretion of Aldosterone] CTD PMID:22100847 NCBI chr14:59,643,030...59,656,835
Ensembl chr14:59,643,292...59,672,428
JBrowse link
G ATP1A1 ATPase Na+/K+ transporting subunit alpha 1 increases expression EXP Aldosterone results in increased expression of ATP1A1 protein CTD PMID:28438630 NCBI chr 4:104,353,506...104,384,321
Ensembl chr 4:104,353,506...104,384,606
JBrowse link
G GCLC glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit increases expression EXP Aldosterone results in increased expression of GCLC protein CTD PMID:24512358 NCBI chr 7:27,209,565...27,253,535
Ensembl chr 7:27,209,564...27,253,535
JBrowse link
G HMOX1 heme oxygenase 1 increases expression EXP Aldosterone results in increased expression of HMOX1 protein CTD PMID:24512358
G NFE2L2 nuclear factor, erythroid 2 like 2 multiple interactions EXP 1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid acetoxymethyl ester inhibits the reaction [Aldosterone results in increased activity of NFE2L2 protein]; 3-benzyl-7-(2-benzoxazolyl)thio-1,2,3-triazolo(4,5-d)pyrimidine inhibits the reaction [Aldosterone results in increased activity of NFE2L2 protein]; acetovanillone inhibits the reaction [Aldosterone results in increased activity of NFE2L2 protein]; Acetylcysteine inhibits the reaction [Aldosterone results in increased activity of NFE2L2 protein]; Aldosterone results in increased expression of and results in increased activity of NFE2L2 protein; diphenyleneiodonium inhibits the reaction [Aldosterone results in increased activity of NFE2L2 protein]; Eplerenone inhibits the reaction [Aldosterone results in increased activity of NFE2L2 protein]; Ro 32-0432 inhibits the reaction [Aldosterone results in increased activity of NFE2L2 protein]; tempol inhibits the reaction [Aldosterone results in increased activity of NFE2L2 protein]; Thioctic Acid inhibits the reaction [Aldosterone results in increased activity of NFE2L2 protein]; W 7 inhibits the reaction [Aldosterone results in increased activity of NFE2L2 protein] CTD PMID:24512358 NCBI chr15:82,967,485...83,146,185
Ensembl chr15:82,973,648...83,146,183
JBrowse link
G SOD1 superoxide dismutase 1 increases expression EXP Aldosterone results in increased expression of SOD1 protein CTD PMID:24512358 NCBI chr13:195,326,573...195,335,273
Ensembl chr13:195,326,649...195,337,749
JBrowse link
G TXNRD1 thioredoxin reductase 1 increases expression EXP Aldosterone results in increased expression of TXNRD1 protein CTD PMID:24512358 NCBI chr 5:80,170,334...80,213,889
Ensembl chr 5:80,168,523...80,288,075
JBrowse link
chlorogenic acid term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G COMT catechol-O-methyltransferase decreases activity EXP Chlorogenic Acid results in decreased activity of COMT protein CTD PMID:27270453 NCBI chr14:51,384,729...51,403,997
Ensembl chr14:51,385,133...51,403,998
JBrowse link
G CXCL8 C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8 multiple interactions EXP Chlorogenic Acid inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of and results in increased secretion of CXCL8 protein]; Chlorogenic Acid inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of CXCL8 mRNA] CTD PMID:27861533 NCBI chr 8:69,932,646...69,935,861
Ensembl chr 8:69,932,643...69,935,861
JBrowse link
G IL6 interleukin 6 multiple interactions EXP Chlorogenic Acid inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of and results in increased secretion of IL6 protein]; Chlorogenic Acid inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of IL6 mRNA] CTD PMID:27861533 NCBI chr 9:91,506,421...91,510,830
Ensembl chr 9:91,506,340...91,511,263
JBrowse link
G PTGS2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 multiple interactions EXP Chlorogenic Acid inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of PTGS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:27861533 NCBI chr 9:127,850,164...127,858,866
Ensembl chr 9:127,850,013...127,858,884
JBrowse link
G TNF tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions EXP Chlorogenic Acid inhibits the reaction [Lipopolysaccharides results in increased expression of TNF mRNA] CTD PMID:27861533 NCBI chr 7:23,699,635...23,702,393
Ensembl chr 7:23,699,636...23,703,655
JBrowse link
formic acid term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ATP4A ATPase H+/K+ transporting subunit alpha decreases expression EXP formic acid results in decreased expression of ATP4A mRNA CTD PMID:16614409 NCBI chr 6:44,984,014...45,057,796
Ensembl chr 6:44,983,934...45,057,772
JBrowse link
malonaldehyde term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CAT catalase multiple interactions EXP CAT protein inhibits the reaction [4-xylene results in increased secretion of Malondialdehyde]; CAT protein inhibits the reaction [Toluene results in increased secretion of Malondialdehyde] CTD PMID:12781212 NCBI chr 2:26,493,664...26,533,881
Ensembl chr 2:26,487,653...26,581,452
JBrowse link
methylglyoxal term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G GOT1 glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase 1 affects glycation
affects folding
decreases activity
EXP Pyruvaldehyde affects the glycation of GOT1 protein
Pyruvaldehyde affects the folding of GOT1 protein
Pyruvaldehyde results in decreased activity of GOT1 protein
CTD PMID:12559987 NCBI chr14:110,608,422...110,635,825
Ensembl chr14:110,608,430...110,635,874
JBrowse link
N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-leucinal term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G AKT1 AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 increases expression
multiple interactions
EXP benzyloxycarbonylleucyl-leucyl-leucine aldehyde results in increased expression of AKT1 protein
benzyloxycarbonylleucyl-leucyl-leucine aldehyde inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased degradation of AKT1 protein]
CTD PMID:16239170
G CLIC5 chloride intracellular channel 5 multiple interactions EXP benzyloxycarbonylleucyl-leucyl-leucine aldehyde promotes the reaction [Cadmium Chloride results in decreased expression of CLIC5 protein] CTD PMID:20576581 NCBI chr 7:40,683,044...40,808,017
Ensembl chr 7:40,682,907...40,863,886
JBrowse link
G LRP2 LDL receptor related protein 2 multiple interactions EXP benzyloxycarbonylleucyl-leucyl-leucine aldehyde promotes the reaction [Cadmium Chloride results in decreased expression of LRP2 protein] CTD PMID:20576581 NCBI chr15:75,565,299...75,754,604
Ensembl chr15:75,565,301...75,716,694
JBrowse link
G NOS3 nitric oxide synthase 3 multiple interactions
increases expression
EXP benzyloxycarbonylleucyl-leucyl-leucine aldehyde inhibits the reaction [sodium arsenite results in increased degradation of NOS3 protein]
benzyloxycarbonylleucyl-leucyl-leucine aldehyde results in increased expression of NOS3 protein
CTD PMID:16239170 NCBI chr18:6,209,218...6,228,912
Ensembl chr18:6,209,156...6,228,938
JBrowse link
salubrinal term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G EIF2A eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2A increases phosphorylation EXP salubrinal results in increased phosphorylation of EIF2A protein CTD PMID:17464326 NCBI chr13:90,761,453...90,804,274
Ensembl chr13:90,761,465...90,804,276
JBrowse link
tylosin term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G SLCO1A2 solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2 multiple interactions EXP Tylosin inhibits the reaction [SLCO1A2 protein results in increased uptake of estrone sulfate]; Tylosin inhibits the reaction [SLCO1A2 protein results in increased uptake of Taurocholic Acid] CTD PMID:31287969 NCBI chr 5:52,020,303...52,133,132
Ensembl chr 5:52,037,218...52,131,789
JBrowse link
zinc acetate term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ANXA5 annexin A5 multiple interactions EXP Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine promotes the reaction [Linoleic Acid promotes the reaction [TNF protein results in increased activity of ANXA5 protein]]]; Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine promotes the reaction [TNF protein promotes the reaction [Linoleic Acid results in increased activity of ANXA5 protein]]] CTD PMID:10617950 NCBI chr 8:102,387,833...102,420,868
Ensembl chr 8:102,388,103...102,425,750
JBrowse link
G CASP3 caspase 3 multiple interactions EXP Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [Linoleic Acid results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]; Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine promotes the reaction [Linoleic Acid promotes the reaction [TNF protein results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]]]; Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine promotes the reaction [Linoleic Acid results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]]; Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine promotes the reaction [TNF protein results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]]; Zinc Acetate promotes the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine promotes the reaction [TNF protein promotes the reaction [Linoleic Acid results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]]] CTD PMID:10617950 NCBI chr15:45,744,320...45,753,252
Ensembl chr15:45,742,749...45,763,773
JBrowse link
G PPARA peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha multiple interactions EXP Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine results in decreased expression of PPARA mRNA] CTD PMID:18845708 NCBI chr 5:3,302,755...3,321,091
Ensembl chr 5:3,300,708...3,366,361
JBrowse link
G PTGS2 prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 multiple interactions EXP Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine results in increased expression of PTGS2 mRNA] CTD PMID:18845708 NCBI chr 9:127,850,164...127,858,866
Ensembl chr 9:127,850,013...127,858,884
JBrowse link
G SELE selectin E multiple interactions EXP Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine results in increased expression of SELE mRNA] CTD PMID:18845708 NCBI chr 4:81,289,061...81,299,657 JBrowse link
G TNF tumor necrosis factor multiple interactions EXP Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine promotes the reaction [Linoleic Acid promotes the reaction [TNF protein results in increased activity of ANXA5 protein]]]; Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine promotes the reaction [Linoleic Acid promotes the reaction [TNF protein results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]]]; Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine promotes the reaction [TNF protein promotes the reaction [Linoleic Acid results in increased activity of ANXA5 protein]]]; Zinc Acetate inhibits the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine promotes the reaction [TNF protein results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]]; Zinc Acetate promotes the reaction [N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine promotes the reaction [TNF protein promotes the reaction [Linoleic Acid results in increased activity of CASP3 protein]]] CTD PMID:10617950 NCBI chr 7:23,699,635...23,702,393
Ensembl chr 7:23,699,636...23,703,655
JBrowse link
zinc dichloride term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G PSP-I porcine seminal protein I multiple interactions
affects folding
EXP zinc chloride promotes the reaction [PSP-I protein binds to Heparin]
zinc chloride affects the folding of PSP-I protein
CTD PMID:16819821 NCBI chr14:132,302,376...132,309,388
Ensembl chr14:132,274,241...132,320,855
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  CHEBI ontology 860
    role 838
      application 475
        pharmaceutical 420
          drug 420
            astringent 32
              aluminium sulfate + 0
              bismuth subgallate 0
              boric acid + 0
              calcium dihydroxide 0
              dichloroacetic acid + 0
              formic acid + 16
              gallic acid + 10
              iodic acid + 0
              iron trichloride + 0
              iron trichloride hexahydrate 0
              iron(3+) sulfate + 0
              iron(3+) sulfate hydrate 0
              potassium aluminium sulfate + 0
              potassium aluminium sulfate dodecahydrate 0
              silver(1+) nitrate 0
              sodium formate 0
              sodium gallate 0
              tannin + 5
              zinc acetate 6
              zinc dichloride + 1
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.