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RGD DISEASE ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, https://disease-ontology.org/) for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:color blindness
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Accession:DOID:13399 term browser browse the term
Definition:Defects of color vision are mainly hereditary traits but can be secondary to acquired or developmental abnormalities in the CONES (RETINA). Severity of hereditary defects of color vision depends on the degree of mutation of the ROD OPSINS genes (on X CHROMOSOME and CHROMOSOME 3) that code the photopigments for red, green and blue.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: acquired color blindness;   color vision defect;   color vision defects;   color vision deficiency;   colour blindnes;   colour blindness;   colour vision deficiency;   green color blindness;   inherited color blindness;   monochromatopsia
 primary_id: MESH:D003117
 xref: ICD10CM:H53.5;   ICD10CM:H53.50;   ICD9CM:368.5;   NCI:C3891
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.


show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
 
color blindness term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ATF6 activating transcription factor 6 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:26029869 NCBI chr 1:137,178,629...137,382,256
Ensembl chr 1:140,977,750...141,176,725
JBrowse link
G BDNF brain derived neurotrophic factor susceptibility ISO associated with Alcoholism;DNA:polymorphism:cds:p.V66M(rs6265)(human) RGD PMID:21640793 RGD:8655850 NCBI chr11:27,618,322...27,687,661
Ensembl chr11:27,520,312...27,589,239
JBrowse link
G CDKL5 cyclin dependent kinase like 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:618178, PMID:9618178, PMID:10234514, PMID:10533068, PMID:10922205, PMID:19390641, PMID:20061330, PMID:20809529, PMID:28272453, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30652005 NCBI chr  X:11,047,357...11,261,172
Ensembl chr  X:18,492,329...18,638,735
JBrowse link
G CNGA3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
RGD
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14757870, PMID:17693388, PMID:23972307, PMID:25741868, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30418171, PMID:30682209 RGD:734792 NCBI chr2A:100,911,053...100,962,278
Ensembl chr2A:99,259,808...99,308,517
JBrowse link
G CNGB3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 susceptibility ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
DNA:mutations
CTD
RGD
PMID:10958649, PMID:30418171 RGD:1600870 NCBI chr 8:83,269,589...83,439,999
Ensembl chr 8:85,238,043...85,407,059
JBrowse link
G GNAT2 G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism RGD
CTD
PMID:12077706 RGD:1599034 NCBI chr 1:111,980,855...111,990,686
Ensembl chr 1:111,208,510...111,225,808
JBrowse link
G NR2E3 nuclear receptor subfamily 2 group E member 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:10655056, PMID:15453866, PMID:15459973, PMID:18294254, PMID:19273793, PMID:19718767, PMID:21217109, PMID:23039133, PMID:23591405, PMID:23989059, PMID:24474277, PMID:25079116, PMID:25097241, PMID:25703721, PMID:25741868, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr15:50,759,707...50,767,703
Ensembl chr15:69,525,351...69,533,034
JBrowse link
G PDE6H phosphodiesterase 6H ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:25739440 NCBI chr12:14,890,192...14,984,542
Ensembl chr12:15,372,413...15,381,249
JBrowse link
G RDH5 retinol dehydrogenase 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr12:33,186,871...33,191,539
Ensembl chr12:33,911,309...33,920,506
JBrowse link
G RP2 RP2 activator of ARL3 GTPase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:10937588, PMID:20669900, PMID:23150612, PMID:24940031, PMID:28209709, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr  X:39,274,103...39,319,832
Ensembl chr  X:47,133,639...47,178,608
JBrowse link
G RS1 retinoschisin 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:618178, PMID:9618178, PMID:10234514, PMID:10533068, PMID:10922205, PMID:19390641, PMID:20061330, PMID:20809529, PMID:28272453, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30652005 NCBI chr  X:11,259,222...11,282,289
Ensembl chr  X:18,624,687...18,657,315
JBrowse link
G TTLL5 tubulin tyrosine ligase like 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr14:56,216,214...56,513,718
Ensembl chr14:75,058,897...75,356,494
JBrowse link
achromatopsia term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ATF6 activating transcription factor 6 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:24033266, PMID:28041643 NCBI chr 1:137,178,629...137,382,256
Ensembl chr 1:140,977,750...141,176,725
JBrowse link
G CABP4 calcium binding protein 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:19074807, PMID:23714322, PMID:28492532, PMID:29525873, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr11:62,813,477...62,820,425
Ensembl chr11:66,121,992...66,128,758
JBrowse link
G CACNA2D4 calcium voltage-gated channel auxiliary subunit alpha2delta 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr12:1,906,894...2,030,991
Ensembl chr12:1,857,221...1,980,769
JBrowse link
G CNGA3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14757870, PMID:15712225, PMID:16961972, PMID:17265047, PMID:17693388, PMID:18445228, PMID:18521937, PMID:20079539, PMID:20238023, PMID:20506298, PMID:20549516, PMID:21778272, PMID:23972307, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:24504161, PMID:24903488, PMID:25168900, PMID:25616768, PMID:25637600, PMID:25741868, PMID:25943428, PMID:26992781, PMID:27820752, PMID:28159970, PMID:28341476, PMID:28492532, PMID:28559085, PMID:29053603, PMID:30311386, PMID:30682209 NCBI chr2A:100,911,053...100,962,278
Ensembl chr2A:99,259,808...99,308,517
JBrowse link
G CNGB3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:1347967, PMID:1572225, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16319819, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:17652762, PMID:20079539, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25205868, PMID:25558176, PMID:25616768, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:26106334, PMID:27479814, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:29769798, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 8:83,269,589...83,439,999
Ensembl chr 8:85,238,043...85,407,059
JBrowse link
G GNAT2 G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 1:111,980,855...111,990,686
Ensembl chr 1:111,208,510...111,225,808
JBrowse link
G PDE6C phosphodiesterase 6C ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:10393054, PMID:18614542, PMID:19615668, PMID:19887631, PMID:23776498, PMID:25741868, PMID:26103963, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28704108, PMID:30080950 NCBI chr10:90,361,003...90,414,169
Ensembl chr10:93,871,704...93,924,654
JBrowse link
Achromatopsia 1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CNGA3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO DNA:missense mutations:exon:c.682G>A (p.E228K), c.1315C>T (p.R439W), c.1405G>A (p.A469T) (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromacy
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromatism
RGD
ClinVar
PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14757870, PMID:15712225, PMID:16961972, PMID:17693388, PMID:18521937, PMID:21778272, PMID:23972307, PMID:24033266, PMID:24903488, PMID:25616768, PMID:25741868, PMID:25943428, PMID:26992781, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30682209 RGD:9068452 NCBI chr2A:100,911,053...100,962,278
Ensembl chr2A:99,259,808...99,308,517
JBrowse link
G CNGB3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 treatment ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromacy
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromatism
DNA:deletion: :c.1148delC (human)
RGD
ClinVar
PMID:1347967, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:17652762, PMID:20079539, PMID:21576125, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25558176, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:29769798, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 RGD:9068446, RGD:9068450 NCBI chr 8:83,269,589...83,439,999
Ensembl chr 8:85,238,043...85,407,059
JBrowse link
achromatopsia 2 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ABCA4 ATP binding cassette subfamily A member 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Total colorblindness ClinVar PMID:9466990, PMID:9666097, PMID:9973280, PMID:10413692, PMID:10958763, PMID:11702214, PMID:12192456, PMID:12796258, PMID:16303926, PMID:18285826, PMID:18854780, PMID:19074458, PMID:24033266, PMID:24265693, PMID:26872967, PMID:28041643, PMID:28118664, PMID:28492532, PMID:29162642, PMID:29555955, PMID:29854428, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709, PMID:31576780 NCBI chr 1:96,659,703...96,784,876
Ensembl chr 1:95,386,266...95,514,589
JBrowse link
G CNGA3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO OMIM NCBI chr2A:100,911,053...100,962,278
Ensembl chr2A:99,259,808...99,308,517
JBrowse link
G CNGB3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Total colorblindness ClinVar PMID:1347967, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 8:83,269,589...83,439,999
Ensembl chr 8:85,238,043...85,407,059
JBrowse link
achromatopsia 3 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CNGB3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 8:83,269,589...83,439,999
Ensembl chr 8:85,238,043...85,407,059
JBrowse link
achromatopsia 4 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G GNAT2 G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 1:111,980,855...111,990,686
Ensembl chr 1:111,208,510...111,225,808
JBrowse link
Achromatopsia 5 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G PDE6C phosphodiesterase 6C ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia 5 ClinVar PMID:19887631, PMID:25741868, PMID:30080950 NCBI chr10:90,361,003...90,414,169
Ensembl chr10:93,871,704...93,924,654
JBrowse link
achromatopsia 7 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ATF6 activating transcription factor 6 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 1:137,178,629...137,382,256
Ensembl chr 1:140,977,750...141,176,725
JBrowse link
blue color blindness term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G OPN1SW opsin 1, short wave sensitive ISO OMIM NCBI chr 7:120,724,363...120,727,649
Ensembl chr 7:133,246,131...133,251,464
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 12748
    sensory system disease 4755
      eye disease 2436
        blindness 91
          color blindness 17
            Colorblindness, Partial Tritanomaly 0
            achromatopsia + 8
            acquired color blindness 0
            blue color blindness 1
            red color blindness 0
            red-green color blindness 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 12748
    disease of anatomical entity 12278
      nervous system disease 10025
        Neurologic Manifestations 3958
          Sensation Disorders 948
            Vision Disorders 190
              blindness 91
                color blindness 17
                  Colorblindness, Partial Tritanomaly 0
                  achromatopsia + 8
                  acquired color blindness 0
                  blue color blindness 1
                  red color blindness 0
                  red-green color blindness 0
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.