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RGD DISEASE ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, https://disease-ontology.org/) for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:color blindness
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Accession:DOID:13399 term browser browse the term
Definition:Defects of color vision are mainly hereditary traits but can be secondary to acquired or developmental abnormalities in the CONES (RETINA). Severity of hereditary defects of color vision depends on the degree of mutation of the ROD OPSINS genes (on X CHROMOSOME and CHROMOSOME 3) that code the photopigments for red, green and blue.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: acquired color blindness;   color vision defect;   color vision defects;   color vision deficiency;   colour blindnes;   colour blindness;   colour vision deficiency;   green color blindness;   inherited color blindness;   monochromatopsia
 primary_id: MESH:D003117
 xref: ICD10CM:H53.5;   ICD10CM:H53.50;   ICD9CM:368.5;   NCI:C3891
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.


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color blindness term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Atf6 activating transcription factor 6 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:26029869 NCBI chrNW_004955462:14,352,956...14,553,299 JBrowse link
G Bdnf brain derived neurotrophic factor susceptibility ISO associated with Alcoholism;DNA:polymorphism:cds:p.V66M(rs6265)(human) RGD PMID:21640793 RGD:8655850 NCBI chrNW_004955476:6,773,244...6,822,201 JBrowse link
G Cdkl5 cyclin dependent kinase like 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:618178, PMID:9618178, PMID:10234514, PMID:10533068, PMID:10922205, PMID:19390641, PMID:20061330, PMID:20809529, PMID:28272453, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30652005 NCBI chrNW_004955586:791,886...997,713 JBrowse link
G Cnga3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia
CTD
ClinVar
RGD
PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14757870, PMID:17693388, PMID:23972307, PMID:25741868, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30418171, PMID:30682209 RGD:734792 NCBI chrNW_004955470:4,884,054...4,907,151 JBrowse link
G Cngb3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 susceptibility ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
DNA:mutations
CTD
RGD
PMID:10958649, PMID:30418171 RGD:1600870 NCBI chrNW_004955417:4,164,328...4,288,516 JBrowse link
G Gnat2 G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD
RGD
PMID:12077706 RGD:1599034 NCBI chrNW_004955435:13,009,147...13,021,968 JBrowse link
G Nr2e3 nuclear receptor subfamily 2 group E member 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:10655056, PMID:15453866, PMID:15459973, PMID:18294254, PMID:19273793, PMID:19718767, PMID:21217109, PMID:23039133, PMID:23591405, PMID:23989059, PMID:24474277, PMID:25079116, PMID:25097241, PMID:25703721, PMID:25741868, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chrNW_004955450:5,281,707...5,286,260 JBrowse link
G Pde6b phosphodiesterase 6B ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:7724547, PMID:28041643, PMID:30311386 NCBI chrNW_004955514:234,972...279,420 JBrowse link
G Pde6h phosphodiesterase 6H ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:25739440 NCBI chrNW_004955413:11,654,252...11,711,799 JBrowse link
G Rdh5 retinol dehydrogenase 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chrNW_004955458:3,356,324...3,361,701 JBrowse link
G Rp2 RP2 activator of ARL3 GTPase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:10937588, PMID:20669900, PMID:23150612, PMID:24940031, PMID:28209709, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chrNW_004955516:1,160,148...1,193,540 JBrowse link
G Ttll5 tubulin tyrosine ligase like 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chrNW_004955612:109,742...351,255 JBrowse link
achromatopsia term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Atf6 activating transcription factor 6 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:24033266, PMID:28041643 NCBI chrNW_004955462:14,352,956...14,553,299 JBrowse link
G Cabp4 calcium binding protein 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:19074807, PMID:23714322, PMID:28492532, PMID:29525873, PMID:30718709 NCBI chrNW_004955422:18,023,639...18,028,845 JBrowse link
G Cacna2d4 calcium voltage-gated channel auxiliary subunit alpha2delta 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chrNW_004955454:4,329,520...4,430,460 JBrowse link
G Cnga3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14757870, PMID:15712225, PMID:16961972, PMID:17265047, PMID:17693388, PMID:18445228, PMID:18521937, PMID:20079539, PMID:20238023, PMID:20506298, PMID:20549516, PMID:21778272, PMID:23972307, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:24504161, PMID:24903488, PMID:25168900, PMID:25616768, PMID:25637600, PMID:25741868, PMID:25943428, PMID:26992781, PMID:27820752, PMID:28159970, PMID:28341476, PMID:28492532, PMID:28559085, PMID:29053603, PMID:30311386, PMID:30682209 NCBI chrNW_004955470:4,884,054...4,907,151 JBrowse link
G Cngb3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:1347967, PMID:1572225, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16319819, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:17652762, PMID:20079539, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25205868, PMID:25558176, PMID:25616768, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:26106334, PMID:27479814, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:29769798, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chrNW_004955417:4,164,328...4,288,516 JBrowse link
G Gnat2 G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chrNW_004955435:13,009,147...13,021,968 JBrowse link
G Pde6c phosphodiesterase 6C ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:10393054, PMID:18614542, PMID:19615668, PMID:19887631, PMID:23776498, PMID:25741868, PMID:26103963, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28704108, PMID:30080950 NCBI chrNW_004955507:129,678...179,586 JBrowse link
Achromatopsia 1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cnga3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO DNA:missense mutations:exon:c.682G>A (p.E228K), c.1315C>T (p.R439W), c.1405G>A (p.A469T) (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromacy
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromatism
RGD
ClinVar
PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14757870, PMID:15712225, PMID:16961972, PMID:17693388, PMID:18521937, PMID:21778272, PMID:23972307, PMID:24033266, PMID:24903488, PMID:25616768, PMID:25741868, PMID:25943428, PMID:26992781, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30682209 RGD:9068452 NCBI chrNW_004955470:4,884,054...4,907,151 JBrowse link
G Cngb3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 treatment ISO DNA:deletion: :c.1148delC (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromacy
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromatism
RGD
ClinVar
PMID:1347967, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:17652762, PMID:20079539, PMID:21576125, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25558176, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:29769798, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 RGD:9068446, RGD:9068450 NCBI chrNW_004955417:4,164,328...4,288,516 JBrowse link
achromatopsia 2 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Abca4 ATP binding cassette subfamily A member 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Total colorblindness ClinVar PMID:9466990, PMID:9666097, PMID:9973280, PMID:10413692, PMID:10958763, PMID:11702214, PMID:12192456, PMID:12796258, PMID:16303926, PMID:18285826, PMID:18854780, PMID:19074458, PMID:24033266, PMID:24265693, PMID:26872967, PMID:28041643, PMID:28118664, PMID:28492532, PMID:29162642, PMID:29555955, PMID:29854428, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709, PMID:31576780 NCBI chrNW_004955423:612,098...738,702 JBrowse link
G Cnga3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO OMIM NCBI chrNW_004955470:4,884,054...4,907,151 JBrowse link
G Cngb3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Total colorblindness ClinVar PMID:1347967, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chrNW_004955417:4,164,328...4,288,516 JBrowse link
achromatopsia 3 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cngb3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 ISO OMIM NCBI chrNW_004955417:4,164,328...4,288,516 JBrowse link
achromatopsia 4 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Gnat2 G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 ISO OMIM NCBI chrNW_004955435:13,009,147...13,021,968 JBrowse link
Achromatopsia 5 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Pde6c phosphodiesterase 6C ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia 5 ClinVar PMID:19887631, PMID:25741868, PMID:30080950 NCBI chrNW_004955507:129,678...179,586 JBrowse link
achromatopsia 7 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Atf6 activating transcription factor 6 ISO OMIM NCBI chrNW_004955462:14,352,956...14,553,299 JBrowse link
blue color blindness term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Opn1sw opsin 1, short wave sensitive ISO OMIM NCBI chrNW_004955479:9,573,594...9,576,668 JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 11810
    sensory system disease 4499
      eye disease 2319
        blindness 87
          color blindness 17
            Colorblindness, Partial Tritanomaly 0
            achromatopsia + 8
            acquired color blindness 0
            blue color blindness 1
            red color blindness 0
            red-green color blindness 0
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 11810
    disease of anatomical entity 11364
      nervous system disease 9290
        Neurologic Manifestations 3724
          Sensation Disorders 908
            Vision Disorders 183
              blindness 87
                color blindness 17
                  Colorblindness, Partial Tritanomaly 0
                  achromatopsia + 8
                  acquired color blindness 0
                  blue color blindness 1
                  red color blindness 0
                  red-green color blindness 0
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.