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RGD DISEASE ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, https://disease-ontology.org/) for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:color blindness
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Accession:DOID:13399 term browser browse the term
Definition:Defects of color vision are mainly hereditary traits but can be secondary to acquired or developmental abnormalities in the CONES (RETINA). Severity of hereditary defects of color vision depends on the degree of mutation of the ROD OPSINS genes (on X CHROMOSOME and CHROMOSOME 3) that code the photopigments for red, green and blue.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: acquired color blindness;   color vision defect;   color vision defects;   color vision deficiency;   colour blindnes;   colour blindness;   colour vision deficiency;   green color blindness;   inherited color blindness;   monochromatopsia
 primary_id: MESH:D003117
 xref: ICD10CM:H53.5;   ICD9CM:368.5;   NCI:C3891
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.


show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
 
color blindness term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Atf6 activating transcription factor 6 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:26029869 NCBI chr13:89,053,457...89,242,531
Ensembl chr13:89,055,983...89,242,443
JBrowse link
G Bdnf brain-derived neurotrophic factor susceptibility ISO associated with Alcoholism;DNA:polymorphism:cds:p.V66M(rs6265)(human) RGD PMID:21640793 RGD:8655850 NCBI chr 3:100,768,637...100,819,216
Ensembl chr 3:100,768,637...100,819,210
JBrowse link
G Cdkl5 cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:618178, PMID:9618178, PMID:10234514, PMID:10533068, PMID:10922205, PMID:19390641, PMID:20061330, PMID:20809529, PMID:28272453, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30652005 NCBI chr  X:35,536,396...35,773,204
Ensembl chr  X:35,599,258...35,771,711
JBrowse link
G Cnga3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14757870, PMID:17693388, PMID:23972307, PMID:25741868, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30418171, PMID:30682209, PMID:11536077 RGD:734792 NCBI chr 9:43,807,412...43,858,225
Ensembl chr 9:43,807,677...43,854,396
JBrowse link
G Cngb3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 susceptibility ISO DNA:mutations
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
CTD PMID:30418171, PMID:10958649 RGD:1600870 NCBI chr 5:33,097,353...33,507,467
Ensembl chr 5:33,097,654...33,507,467
JBrowse link
G Gnat2 G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:12077706, PMID:12077706 RGD:1599034 NCBI chr 2:210,880,754...210,890,765
Ensembl chr 2:210,880,777...210,889,881
JBrowse link
G Nr2e3 nuclear receptor subfamily 2, group E, member 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:10655056, PMID:15453866, PMID:15459973, PMID:18294254, PMID:19273793, PMID:19718767, PMID:21217109, PMID:23039133, PMID:23591405, PMID:23989059, PMID:24474277, PMID:25079116, PMID:25097241, PMID:25703721, PMID:25741868, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 8:64,797,518...64,801,587
Ensembl chr 8:64,797,518...64,800,467
JBrowse link
G Pde6b phosphodiesterase 6B ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:7724547, PMID:28041643, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr14:2,328,690...2,371,913
Ensembl chr14:2,328,750...2,371,883
JBrowse link
G Pde6h phosphodiesterase 6H ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:25739440 NCBI chr 4:170,947,723...170,963,046
Ensembl chr 4:170,958,196...170,963,046
JBrowse link
G Rdh5 retinol dehydrogenase 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 7:3,335,681...3,342,573
Ensembl chr 7:3,335,742...3,342,491
JBrowse link
G Rp2 RP2 activator of ARL3 GTPase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:10937588, PMID:20669900, PMID:23150612, PMID:24940031, PMID:28209709, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr  X:2,066,298...2,116,661
Ensembl chr  X:2,064,486...2,116,656
JBrowse link
G Rs1 retinoschisin 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:618178, PMID:9618178, PMID:10234514, PMID:10533068, PMID:10922205, PMID:19390641, PMID:20061330, PMID:20809529, PMID:28272453, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30652005 NCBI chr  X:35,749,957...35,777,243
Ensembl chr  X:35,749,957...35,777,243
JBrowse link
G Ttll5 tubulin tyrosine ligase like 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 6:109,693,915...109,910,479
Ensembl chr 6:109,710,781...109,879,607
JBrowse link
achromatopsia term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Atf6 activating transcription factor 6 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:24033266, PMID:28041643 NCBI chr13:89,053,457...89,242,531
Ensembl chr13:89,055,983...89,242,443
JBrowse link
G Cabp4 calcium binding protein 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:19074807, PMID:23714322, PMID:28492532, PMID:29525873, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 1:219,383,452...219,388,009
Ensembl chr 1:219,383,452...219,388,009
JBrowse link
G Cacna2d4 calcium voltage-gated channel auxiliary subunit alpha2delta 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 4:151,298,548...151,409,263
Ensembl chr 4:151,298,548...151,409,263
JBrowse link
G Cnga3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14757870, PMID:15712225, PMID:16961972, PMID:17265047, PMID:17693388, PMID:18445228, PMID:18521937, PMID:20079539, PMID:20238023, PMID:20506298, PMID:20549516, PMID:21778272, PMID:23972307, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:24504161, PMID:24903488, PMID:25168900, PMID:25616768, PMID:25637600, PMID:25741868, PMID:25943428, PMID:26992781, PMID:27820752, PMID:28159970, PMID:28341476, PMID:28492532, PMID:28559085, PMID:29053603, PMID:30311386, PMID:30682209 NCBI chr 9:43,807,412...43,858,225
Ensembl chr 9:43,807,677...43,854,396
JBrowse link
G Cngb3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:1347967, PMID:1572225, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16319819, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:17652762, PMID:20079539, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25205868, PMID:25558176, PMID:25616768, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:26106334, PMID:27479814, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:29769798, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 5:33,097,353...33,507,467
Ensembl chr 5:33,097,654...33,507,467
JBrowse link
G Gnat2 G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 2:210,880,754...210,890,765
Ensembl chr 2:210,880,777...210,889,881
JBrowse link
G Pde6c phosphodiesterase 6C ISO
ISS
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar
MouseDO
PMID:10393054, PMID:18614542, PMID:19615668, PMID:19887631, PMID:23776498, PMID:25741868, PMID:26103963, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28704108, PMID:30080950 NCBI chr 1:256,822,099...256,885,879
Ensembl chr 1:256,822,334...256,877,810
JBrowse link
Achromatopsia 1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cnga3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO DNA:missense mutations:exon:c.682G>A (p.E228K), c.1315C>T (p.R439W), c.1405G>A (p.A469T) (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromacy
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromatism
ClinVar PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14757870, PMID:15712225, PMID:16961972, PMID:17693388, PMID:21778272, PMID:23972307, PMID:24033266, PMID:24903488, PMID:25616768, PMID:25741868, PMID:25943428, PMID:26992781, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30682209, PMID:18521937 RGD:9068452 NCBI chr 9:43,807,412...43,858,225
Ensembl chr 9:43,807,677...43,854,396
JBrowse link
G Cngb3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 treatment ISO DNA:deletion: :c.1148delC (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromacy
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromatism
ClinVar PMID:1347967, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:17652762, PMID:20079539, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25558176, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:29769798, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709, PMID:17265047, PMID:21576125, PMID:21576125 RGD:9068446, RGD:9068450, RGD:9068450 NCBI chr 5:33,097,353...33,507,467
Ensembl chr 5:33,097,654...33,507,467
JBrowse link
achromatopsia 2 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Abca4 ATP binding cassette subfamily A member 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Total colorblindness ClinVar PMID:9466990, PMID:9666097, PMID:9973280, PMID:10413692, PMID:10958763, PMID:11702214, PMID:12192456, PMID:12796258, PMID:16303926, PMID:18285826, PMID:18854780, PMID:19074458, PMID:24033266, PMID:24265693, PMID:26872967, PMID:28041643, PMID:28118664, PMID:28492532, PMID:29162642, PMID:29555955, PMID:29854428, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709, PMID:31576780 NCBI chr 2:225,645,539...225,783,288
Ensembl chr 2:225,645,568...225,783,287
JBrowse link
G Cnga3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia 2
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromacy 2
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:216900
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14715947, PMID:14757870, PMID:15712225, PMID:15980212, PMID:16961972, PMID:17265047, PMID:17693388, PMID:18445228, PMID:18521937, PMID:20079539, PMID:20238023, PMID:20549516, PMID:21778272, PMID:23972307, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:24504161, PMID:24676353, PMID:24903488, PMID:24906859, PMID:25168900, PMID:25616768, PMID:25637600, PMID:25741868, PMID:25943428, PMID:26106334, PMID:26407004, PMID:26992781, PMID:28041643, PMID:28159970, PMID:28492532, PMID:29099798, PMID:30289319, PMID:30311386, PMID:30337596, PMID:30682209 NCBI chr 9:43,807,412...43,858,225
Ensembl chr 9:43,807,677...43,854,396
JBrowse link
G Cngb3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Total colorblindness ClinVar PMID:1347967, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 5:33,097,353...33,507,467
Ensembl chr 5:33,097,654...33,507,467
JBrowse link
achromatopsia 3 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Cngb3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia 3
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Total colorblindness with myopia
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: ROD MONOCHROMATISM 1
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:262300
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:1347967, PMID:1572225, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12357335, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15223812, PMID:15459792, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16319819, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:17652762, PMID:19592100, PMID:20079539, PMID:20574029, PMID:22264887, PMID:23776498, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25205868, PMID:25474149, PMID:25558076, PMID:25558176, PMID:25616768, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:26106334, PMID:26992781, PMID:27479814, PMID:27874104, PMID:28005958, PMID:28041643, PMID:28224992, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:29186038, PMID:29769798, PMID:30311386, PMID:30337596, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 5:33,097,353...33,507,467
Ensembl chr 5:33,097,654...33,507,467
JBrowse link
achromatopsia 4 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Gnat2 G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia 4
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:613856
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:12077706, PMID:12205108, PMID:15557429, PMID:21107338, PMID:25741868, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 2:210,880,754...210,890,765
Ensembl chr 2:210,880,777...210,889,881
JBrowse link
Achromatopsia 5 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Pde6c phosphodiesterase 6C ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia 5 ClinVar PMID:19887631, PMID:25741868, PMID:30080950 NCBI chr 1:256,822,099...256,885,879
Ensembl chr 1:256,822,334...256,877,810
JBrowse link
achromatopsia 7 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Atf6 activating transcription factor 6 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia 7 OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:24824130, PMID:26029869, PMID:26063662 NCBI chr13:89,053,457...89,242,531
Ensembl chr13:89,055,983...89,242,443
JBrowse link
blue color blindness term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Opn1sw opsin 1, short wave sensitive ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Tritanopia
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:190900
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:1386496, PMID:1531728, PMID:2937147, PMID:25605338, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 4:56,653,840...56,656,980
Ensembl chr 4:56,653,844...56,656,980
JBrowse link
blue cone monochromacy term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Opn1mw opsin 1, medium wave sensitive ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blue cone monochromacy
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Cone dystrophy 5, X-linked
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: BLUE CONE MONOCHROMACY
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:1302020, PMID:2788922, PMID:8666378, PMID:11772996, PMID:15094734, PMID:19421413, PMID:20579627 NCBI chr  X:156,569,683...156,589,907
Ensembl chr  X:156,569,683...156,589,907
JBrowse link
red-green color blindness term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Opn1mw opsin 1, medium wave sensitive ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: DEUTERANOPIA
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Colorblindness, partial, deutan series
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:1302020, PMID:2788922, PMID:8666378, PMID:11772996, PMID:12051694, PMID:12626747, PMID:15094734, PMID:19421413 NCBI chr  X:156,569,683...156,589,907
Ensembl chr  X:156,569,683...156,589,907
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16108
    sensory system disease 5162
      eye disease 2593
        blindness 96
          color blindness 19
            Colorblindness, Partial Tritanomaly 0
            achromatopsia + 9
            acquired color blindness 0
            blue color blindness 1
            red color blindness 0
            red-green color blindness 1
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16108
    disease of anatomical entity 15356
      nervous system disease 10865
        Neurologic Manifestations 4137
          Sensation Disorders 1017
            Vision Disorders 198
              blindness 96
                color blindness 19
                  Colorblindness, Partial Tritanomaly 0
                  achromatopsia + 9
                  acquired color blindness 0
                  blue color blindness 1
                  red color blindness 0
                  red-green color blindness 1
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.