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RGD DISEASE ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, https://disease-ontology.org/) for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:blindness
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Accession:DOID:1432 term browser browse the term
Definition:The inability to see or the loss or absence of perception of visual stimuli. This condition may be the result of EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; OPTIC CHIASM diseases; or BRAIN DISEASES affecting the VISUAL PATHWAYS or OCCIPITAL LOBE.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: Amaurosis;   Complete Blindness;   Hysterical Blindness;   Legal Blindness;   acquired blindness;   amauroses;   monocular blindness;   transient blindness;   vision impairment;   vision loss
 primary_id: MESH:D001766
 alt_id: RDO:0001207
 xref: ICD10CM:H54;   ICD9CM:369
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.


show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
 
blindness term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ABCA4 ATP binding cassette subfamily A member 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Legal blindness
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Vision loss
ClinVar PMID:9054934, PMID:9466990, PMID:9781034, PMID:9973280, PMID:10090887, PMID:10206579, PMID:10711710, PMID:10958763, PMID:11017087, PMID:11328725, PMID:11527935, PMID:11702214, PMID:12192456, PMID:12796258, PMID:15579991, PMID:16103129, PMID:16303926, PMID:19074458, PMID:19217903, PMID:21911583, PMID:22264887, PMID:22312191, PMID:22995991, PMID:23755871, PMID:23769331, PMID:23918662, PMID:24033266, PMID:24509150, PMID:24713488, PMID:25087612, PMID:25712131, PMID:25741868, PMID:26103963, PMID:26229699, PMID:26593885, PMID:27014590, PMID:27367509, PMID:27820952, PMID:27939946, PMID:28041643, PMID:28118664, PMID:28492532, PMID:29114839, PMID:29186038, PMID:29847635, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 4:123,202,720...123,333,044
Ensembl chr 4:123,202,632...123,331,144
JBrowse link
G AIPL1 aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein like 1 susceptibility ISO RGD PMID:10873396 RGD:1599003 NCBI chr12:50,903,358...50,917,187
Ensembl chr12:50,903,438...50,920,437
JBrowse link
G AQP4 aquaporin 4 ISO associated with Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting; RGD PMID:17702782 RGD:8696024 NCBI chr 6:111,407,632...111,422,169
Ensembl chr 6:111,400,794...111,422,042
JBrowse link
G ARV1 ARV1 homolog, fatty acid homeostasis modulator ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blindness ClinVar PMID:25558065, PMID:27270415 NCBI chr14:59,396,958...59,409,008
Ensembl chr14:59,396,961...59,408,958
JBrowse link
G ATIC 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase/IMP cyclohydrolase ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:15114530 NCBI chr15:117,617,584...117,649,063
Ensembl chr15:117,617,502...117,649,107
JBrowse link
G CEP290 centrosomal protein 290 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blindness ClinVar PMID:17345604, PMID:17564967, PMID:20683928, PMID:21866095, PMID:23188109, PMID:25741868, PMID:25920555, PMID:26092869, PMID:28492532, PMID:28497568, PMID:28829391, PMID:29398085, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 5:94,384,397...94,474,337
Ensembl chr 5:94,384,414...94,475,057
JBrowse link
G CERKL ceramide kinase like ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Vision loss ClinVar PMID:14681825, PMID:21151602, PMID:22164218, PMID:24043777, PMID:24625443, PMID:25097241, PMID:25741868, PMID:25999674, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709, PMID:221642182 NCBI chr15:87,029,237...87,159,555
Ensembl chr15:87,025,615...87,159,566
JBrowse link
G COL4A3 collagen type IV alpha 3 chain ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blindness ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr15:128,611,640...128,763,331
Ensembl chr15:128,611,866...128,763,122
JBrowse link
G EFEMP1 EGF containing fibulin extracellular matrix protein 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blindness ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 3:85,407,677...85,473,251
Ensembl chr 3:85,268,311...85,473,254
JBrowse link
G LCA5 lebercilin LCA5 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:17546029 NCBI chr 1:86,596,967...86,685,073
Ensembl chr 1:86,516,306...86,685,614
JBrowse link
G LRRK2 leucine rich repeat kinase 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blindness ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 5:71,800,337...71,945,828
Ensembl chr 5:71,800,240...71,944,938
JBrowse link
G MT-ND1 mitochondrially encoded NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: VISION LOSS ClinVar NCBI chr MT:3,922...4,876
Ensembl chr MT:3,922...4,876
JBrowse link
G MT-ND6 mitochondrially encoded NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 6 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blindness ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr MT:14,739...15,266
Ensembl chr MT:14,739...15,266
JBrowse link
G NF1 neurofibromin 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: VISION LOSS ClinVar PMID:21520333, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr12:43,487,098...43,754,205
Ensembl chr12:43,489,171...43,754,176
JBrowse link
G RPE65 retinoid isomerohydrolase RPE65 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism|therapeutic CTD PMID:16150724, PMID:16226919 NCBI chr 6:144,206,078...144,229,471
Ensembl chr 6:144,206,077...144,293,709
JBrowse link
G TSPAN12 tetraspanin 12 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Blindness ClinVar PMID:30311386 NCBI chr18:26,046,645...26,112,924
Ensembl chr18:26,046,703...26,112,923
JBrowse link
G USH2A usherin ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Legal blindness ClinVar PMID:15015129, PMID:15043528, PMID:15241801, PMID:15325563, PMID:16963483, PMID:18273898, PMID:20513143, PMID:21569298, PMID:24033266, PMID:24498627, PMID:24944099, PMID:25575603, PMID:25741868, PMID:26927203, PMID:27460420, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr10:5,825,591...6,662,733 JBrowse link
G VEGFA vascular endothelial growth factor A ISO RGD PMID:23093773 RGD:11075234 NCBI chr 7:38,746,393...38,762,282
Ensembl chr 7:38,746,052...38,761,038
JBrowse link
G VSX2 visual system homeobox 2 susceptibility ISO microphthalmia, OMIM:251600;DNA:missense mutations: :p.R200Q , p.R200P RGD PMID:10932181 RGD:734779 NCBI chr 7:97,532,021...97,551,072
Ensembl chr 7:97,532,059...97,551,032
JBrowse link
achromatopsia term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ATF6 activating transcription factor 6 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:24033266, PMID:28041643 NCBI chr 4:88,591,279...88,806,156
Ensembl chr 4:88,591,280...88,818,372
JBrowse link
G CABP4 calcium binding protein 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:19074807, PMID:23714322, PMID:28492532, PMID:29525873, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 2:5,068,535...5,079,482
Ensembl chr 2:5,068,037...5,072,188
JBrowse link
G CACNA2D4 calcium voltage-gated channel auxiliary subunit alpha2delta 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 5:68,805,092...68,899,397
Ensembl chr 5:68,808,712...68,906,249
JBrowse link
G CNGA3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14757870, PMID:15712225, PMID:16961972, PMID:17265047, PMID:17693388, PMID:18445228, PMID:18521937, PMID:20079539, PMID:20238023, PMID:20506298, PMID:20549516, PMID:21778272, PMID:23972307, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:24504161, PMID:24903488, PMID:25168900, PMID:25616768, PMID:25637600, PMID:25741868, PMID:25943428, PMID:26992781, PMID:27820752, PMID:28159970, PMID:28341476, PMID:28492532, PMID:28559085, PMID:29053603, PMID:30311386, PMID:30682209 NCBI chr 3:55,872,607...55,936,516
Ensembl chr 3:55,874,250...55,922,979
JBrowse link
G CNGB3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:1347967, PMID:1572225, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16319819, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:17652762, PMID:20079539, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25205868, PMID:25558176, PMID:25616768, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:26106334, PMID:27479814, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:29769798, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 4:50,112,927...50,263,264
Ensembl chr 4:50,112,927...50,263,617
JBrowse link
G GNAT2 G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 4:110,512,349...110,523,222
Ensembl chr 4:110,513,213...110,523,071
JBrowse link
G PDE6C phosphodiesterase 6C ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia ClinVar PMID:10393054, PMID:18614542, PMID:19615668, PMID:19887631, PMID:23776498, PMID:25741868, PMID:26103963, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28704108, PMID:30080950 NCBI chr14:105,010,974...105,122,628
Ensembl chr14:105,011,922...105,037,498
Ensembl chr14:105,011,922...105,037,498
JBrowse link
Achromatopsia 1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CNGA3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO DNA:missense mutations:exon:c.682G>A (p.E228K), c.1315C>T (p.R439W), c.1405G>A (p.A469T) (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromacy
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromatism
RGD
ClinVar
PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14757870, PMID:15712225, PMID:16961972, PMID:17693388, PMID:18521937, PMID:21778272, PMID:23972307, PMID:24033266, PMID:24903488, PMID:25616768, PMID:25741868, PMID:25943428, PMID:26992781, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30682209 RGD:9068452 NCBI chr 3:55,872,607...55,936,516
Ensembl chr 3:55,874,250...55,922,979
JBrowse link
G CNGB3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 treatment ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromacy
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Rod monochromatism
DNA:deletion: :c.1148delC (human)
RGD
ClinVar
PMID:1347967, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:17652762, PMID:20079539, PMID:21576125, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25558176, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:29769798, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 RGD:9068446, RGD:9068450 NCBI chr 4:50,112,927...50,263,264
Ensembl chr 4:50,112,927...50,263,617
JBrowse link
achromatopsia 2 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ABCA4 ATP binding cassette subfamily A member 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Total colorblindness ClinVar PMID:9466990, PMID:9666097, PMID:9973280, PMID:10413692, PMID:10958763, PMID:11702214, PMID:12192456, PMID:12796258, PMID:16303926, PMID:18285826, PMID:18854780, PMID:19074458, PMID:24033266, PMID:24265693, PMID:26872967, PMID:28041643, PMID:28118664, PMID:28492532, PMID:29162642, PMID:29555955, PMID:29854428, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709, PMID:31576780 NCBI chr 4:123,202,720...123,333,044
Ensembl chr 4:123,202,632...123,331,144
JBrowse link
G CNGA3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 3:55,872,607...55,936,516
Ensembl chr 3:55,874,250...55,922,979
JBrowse link
G CNGB3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Total colorblindness ClinVar PMID:1347967, PMID:10888875, PMID:10958649, PMID:11124331, PMID:12815043, PMID:14757870, PMID:15657609, PMID:15712225, PMID:16379026, PMID:17265047, PMID:23805033, PMID:24033266, PMID:24148654, PMID:25741868, PMID:25770143, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:28795510, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 4:50,112,927...50,263,264
Ensembl chr 4:50,112,927...50,263,617
JBrowse link
achromatopsia 3 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CNGB3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 4:50,112,927...50,263,264
Ensembl chr 4:50,112,927...50,263,617
JBrowse link
achromatopsia 4 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G GNAT2 G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 4:110,512,349...110,523,222
Ensembl chr 4:110,513,213...110,523,071
JBrowse link
Achromatopsia 5 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G PDE6C phosphodiesterase 6C ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia 5 ClinVar PMID:19887631, PMID:25741868, PMID:30080950 NCBI chr14:105,010,974...105,122,628
Ensembl chr14:105,011,922...105,037,498
Ensembl chr14:105,011,922...105,037,498
JBrowse link
achromatopsia 7 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ATF6 activating transcription factor 6 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 4:88,591,279...88,806,156
Ensembl chr 4:88,591,280...88,818,372
JBrowse link
Amaurosis Fugax term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G MMP1 matrix metallopeptidase 1 ISO RGD PMID:15073384 RGD:1582361 NCBI chr 9:33,411,738...33,420,205
Ensembl chr 9:33,411,065...33,454,000
JBrowse link
G PPP1R15A protein phosphatase 1 regulatory subunit 15A ISO mRNA:increased expression:neuroretina (mouse) RGD PMID:17975099 RGD:9999160 NCBI chr 6:54,172,038...54,175,461
Ensembl chr 6:54,172,050...54,175,465
JBrowse link
Arts syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G PITX2 paired like homeodomain 2 ISO DNA, protein:missense mutations, decreased activity:exon:p.Q133P (c.398A>C), p.L152P (c.455T>C) (human) RGD PMID:17701896 RGD:12910562 NCBI chr 8:111,697,364...111,723,295
Ensembl chr 8:111,698,664...111,723,298
JBrowse link
G PRPS1 phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase 1 ISO OMIM NCBI chr  X:88,074,861...88,101,925
Ensembl chr  X:88,074,963...88,119,094
JBrowse link
autosomal dominant Wolfram syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G WFS1 wolframin ER transmembrane glycoprotein ISO OMIM NCBI chr 8:4,362,678...4,405,185
Ensembl chr 8:4,362,678...4,385,272
JBrowse link
blue color blindness term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G OPN1SW opsin 1, short wave sensitive ISO OMIM NCBI chr18:19,836,453...19,839,425
Ensembl chr18:19,836,453...19,839,425
JBrowse link
color blindness term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ATF6 activating transcription factor 6 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:26029869 NCBI chr 4:88,591,279...88,806,156
Ensembl chr 4:88,591,280...88,818,372
JBrowse link
G BDNF brain derived neurotrophic factor susceptibility ISO associated with Alcoholism;DNA:polymorphism:cds:p.V66M(rs6265)(human) RGD PMID:21640793 RGD:8655850 NCBI chr 2:32,623,668...32,679,293
Ensembl chr 2:32,623,268...32,679,164
JBrowse link
G CDKL5 cyclin dependent kinase like 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:618178, PMID:9618178, PMID:10234514, PMID:10533068, PMID:10922205, PMID:19390641, PMID:20061330, PMID:20809529, PMID:28272453, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30652005 NCBI chr  X:14,858,826...15,096,969
Ensembl chr  X:14,858,931...15,078,855
JBrowse link
G CNGA3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit alpha 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Achromatopsia
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
RGD
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:9662398, PMID:11536077, PMID:14757870, PMID:17693388, PMID:23972307, PMID:25741868, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30418171, PMID:30682209 RGD:734792 NCBI chr 3:55,872,607...55,936,516
Ensembl chr 3:55,874,250...55,922,979
JBrowse link
G CNGB3 cyclic nucleotide gated channel subunit beta 3 susceptibility ISO DNA:mutations
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
RGD
CTD
PMID:10958649, PMID:30418171 RGD:1600870 NCBI chr 4:50,112,927...50,263,264
Ensembl chr 4:50,112,927...50,263,617
JBrowse link
G GNAT2 G protein subunit alpha transducin 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism RGD
CTD
PMID:12077706 RGD:1599034 NCBI chr 4:110,512,349...110,523,222
Ensembl chr 4:110,513,213...110,523,071
JBrowse link
G NR2E3 nuclear receptor subfamily 2 group E member 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:10655056, PMID:15453866, PMID:15459973, PMID:18294254, PMID:19273793, PMID:19718767, PMID:21217109, PMID:23039133, PMID:23591405, PMID:23989059, PMID:24474277, PMID:25079116, PMID:25097241, PMID:25703721, PMID:25741868, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 1:169,358,662...169,373,175
Ensembl chr 1:169,360,729...169,366,087
JBrowse link
G PDE6B phosphodiesterase 6B ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:7724547, PMID:28041643, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 8:80,378...111,960
Ensembl chr 8:80,378...110,369
JBrowse link
G PDE6H phosphodiesterase 6H ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:25739440 NCBI chr 5:57,555,448...57,582,324 JBrowse link
G RDH5 retinol dehydrogenase 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 5:21,166,869...21,170,913
Ensembl chr 5:21,166,709...21,170,913
JBrowse link
G RP2 RP2 activator of ARL3 GTPase ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:10937588, PMID:20669900, PMID:23150612, PMID:24940031, PMID:28209709, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr  X:41,488,866...41,534,810
Ensembl chr  X:41,488,003...41,534,805
JBrowse link
G RS1 retinoschisin 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:618178, PMID:9618178, PMID:10234514, PMID:10533068, PMID:10922205, PMID:19390641, PMID:20061330, PMID:20809529, PMID:28272453, PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386, PMID:30652005 NCBI chr  X:15,080,972...15,099,426
Ensembl chr  X:15,084,043...15,108,937
JBrowse link
G TTLL5 tubulin tyrosine ligase like 5 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Color vision defects ClinVar PMID:28492532, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 7:98,822,338...99,090,076
Ensembl chr 7:98,822,306...99,130,915
JBrowse link
deafness-dystonia-optic neuronopathy syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G TIMM8A translocase of inner mitochondrial membrane 8A ISO OMIM NCBI chr  X:82,978,128...82,981,038
Ensembl chr  X:82,974,270...82,980,769
JBrowse link
Norrie disease term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G FZD4 frizzled class receptor 4 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Atrophia bulborum hereditaria ClinVar PMID:14507768, PMID:15035989, PMID:20340138, PMID:20938005, PMID:24033266, PMID:24744206, PMID:25711638, PMID:25741868, PMID:26908610, PMID:27316669 NCBI chr 9:20,714,995...20,721,460
Ensembl chr 9:20,294,885...20,721,766
JBrowse link
G NDP norrin cystine knot growth factor NDP ISO OMIM NCBI chr  X:39,208,115...39,235,879
Ensembl chr  X:39,208,119...39,235,758
JBrowse link
G PRSS23 serine protease 23 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Atrophia bulborum hereditaria ClinVar PMID:14507768, PMID:15035989, PMID:20340138, PMID:20938005, PMID:24033266, PMID:24744206, PMID:25711638, PMID:25741868, PMID:26908610, PMID:27316669 NCBI chr 9:20,603,676...20,623,358
Ensembl chr 9:20,603,733...20,625,144
JBrowse link
G TSPAN12 tetraspanin 12 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Atrophia bulborum hereditaria ClinVar PMID:25250762 NCBI chr18:26,046,645...26,112,924
Ensembl chr18:26,046,703...26,112,923
JBrowse link
retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G C14H10orf105 chromosome 14 C10orf105 homolog ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome ClinVar PMID:24033266, PMID:25741868, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr14:74,630,827...74,639,180
Ensembl chr14:74,629,795...74,638,030
JBrowse link
G CDH23 cadherin related 23 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome ClinVar PMID:12075507, PMID:16963483, PMID:18429043, PMID:19683999, PMID:21174530, PMID:21228398, PMID:21569298, PMID:22135276, PMID:22995991, PMID:24033266, PMID:25474345, PMID:25741868, PMID:26969326, PMID:27018795, PMID:28492532, PMID:30029624, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr14:74,267,547...74,734,623
Ensembl chr14:74,223,089...74,733,834
JBrowse link
G HARS1 histidyl-tRNA synthetase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome ClinVar NCBI chr 2:142,387,563...142,401,232
Ensembl chr 2:142,370,184...142,401,209
JBrowse link
G MYO7A myosin VIIA ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome ClinVar PMID:24033266 NCBI chr 9:11,251,187...11,337,618
Ensembl chr 9:11,249,075...11,666,296
JBrowse link
G PCDH15 protocadherin related 15 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome ClinVar NCBI chr14:95,530,168...96,388,032 JBrowse link
G PSAP prosaposin ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome ClinVar PMID:18429043, PMID:24033266, PMID:25741868, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr14:74,734,185...74,820,645
Ensembl chr14:74,734,189...74,887,763
JBrowse link
G USH1C USH1 protein network component harmonin ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome ClinVar NCBI chr 2:41,593,793...41,646,777
Ensembl chr 2:41,593,802...41,647,411
JBrowse link
G USH1G USH1 protein network component sans ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome ClinVar NCBI chr12:6,333,640...6,341,083
Ensembl chr12:6,334,279...6,339,692
JBrowse link
G USH2A usherin ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome ClinVar NCBI chr10:5,825,591...6,662,733 JBrowse link
G VSIR V-set immunoregulatory receptor ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome ClinVar NCBI chr14:74,667,081...74,693,347
Ensembl chr14:74,666,624...74,693,281
JBrowse link
G WHRN whirlin ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa-deafness syndrome ClinVar PMID:21569298, PMID:24033266, PMID:25741868, PMID:28492532, PMID:30245029 NCBI chr 1:255,009,765...255,095,281
Ensembl chr 1:255,009,768...255,095,223
JBrowse link
Seizures, Cortical Blindness, and Microcephaly Syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G DIAPH1 diaphanous related formin 1 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 2:143,158,691...143,271,110
Ensembl chr 2:143,158,584...143,271,147
JBrowse link
Usher syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ADGRV1 adhesion G protein-coupled receptor V1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:14740321, PMID:15671307, PMID:24033266, PMID:24154662, PMID:25133751, PMID:25404053, PMID:25741868, PMID:26164827, PMID:26467025, PMID:27068579, PMID:27575413, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:29099798 NCBI chr 2:97,703,648...98,277,847
Ensembl chr 2:97,734,809...98,275,085
JBrowse link
G ARSG arylsulfatase G ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:29300381 NCBI chr12:11,751,930...11,882,844
Ensembl chr12:11,751,937...11,843,055
JBrowse link
G BBS1 Bardet-Biedl syndrome 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:12118255, PMID:12524598, PMID:12677556, PMID:12837689, PMID:15314642, PMID:17980398, PMID:18032602, PMID:18669544, PMID:18766993, PMID:20498079, PMID:21052717, PMID:21642631, PMID:22581970, PMID:22940089, PMID:23143442, PMID:23565731, PMID:23847139, PMID:23943788, PMID:24033266, PMID:25326635, PMID:25741868, PMID:26467025, PMID:26872967, PMID:27032803, PMID:27659767, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:29264490, PMID:30614526, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 2:5,886,989...5,906,468 JBrowse link
G BPNT1 3'(2'), 5'-bisphosphate nucleotidase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:9,659,876...9,684,115
Ensembl chr10:9,659,487...9,683,912
JBrowse link
G C10H1orf115 chromosome 10 C1orf115 homolog ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:10,115,917...10,127,722
Ensembl chr10:10,116,008...10,128,719
JBrowse link
G C14H10orf105 chromosome 14 C10orf105 homolog ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:12075507, PMID:15537665, PMID:18273900, PMID:21228398, PMID:24033266, PMID:25741868, PMID:26467025, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr14:74,630,827...74,639,180
Ensembl chr14:74,629,795...74,638,030
JBrowse link
G CDH23 cadherin related 23 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Hallgren syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome
ClinVar PMID:12075507, PMID:15537665, PMID:15660226, PMID:16963483, PMID:17850630, PMID:18273900, PMID:18429043, PMID:19683999, PMID:21174530, PMID:21228398, PMID:21569298, PMID:22135276, PMID:22899989, PMID:22995991, PMID:24033266, PMID:25333064, PMID:25356970, PMID:25474345, PMID:25587757, PMID:25741868, PMID:26467025, PMID:26681316, PMID:26969326, PMID:27018795, PMID:28492532, PMID:28501645, PMID:30029624, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr14:74,267,547...74,734,623
Ensembl chr14:74,223,089...74,733,834
JBrowse link
G CEP250 centrosomal protein 250 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:24780881, PMID:25741868 NCBI chr17:38,809,724...38,872,796
Ensembl chr17:38,810,522...38,867,218
JBrowse link
G DUSP10 dual specificity phosphatase 10 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:10,866,446...10,905,852
Ensembl chr10:10,866,448...10,905,857
JBrowse link
G EPRS1 glutamyl-prolyl-tRNA synthetase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:9,579,301...9,648,416
Ensembl chr10:9,579,301...9,648,414
JBrowse link
G ESRRG estrogen related receptor gamma ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:6,710,615...7,371,419
Ensembl chr10:6,712,841...7,030,063
JBrowse link
G GPATCH2 G-patch domain containing 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:7,615,121...7,797,227
Ensembl chr10:7,615,592...7,797,191
JBrowse link
G GUCA1A guanylate cyclase activator 1A ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:11146732, PMID:28492532, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 7:37,282,630...37,296,713
Ensembl chr 7:37,282,700...37,296,717
JBrowse link
G HARS1 histidyl-tRNA synthetase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar NCBI chr 2:142,387,563...142,401,232
Ensembl chr 2:142,370,184...142,401,209
JBrowse link
G HHIPL2 HHIP like 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:11,315,847...11,345,043
Ensembl chr10:11,315,859...11,337,151
JBrowse link
G HLX H2.0 like homeobox ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:10,263,441...10,269,882
Ensembl chr10:10,264,244...10,275,855
JBrowse link
G IARS2 isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase 2, mitochondrial ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:9,685,641...9,739,816
Ensembl chr10:9,685,700...9,737,192
JBrowse link
G LYPLAL1 lysophospholipase like 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:8,946,463...9,061,033
Ensembl chr10:8,946,487...9,062,412
JBrowse link
G MARK1 microtubule affinity regulating kinase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:9,980,277...10,106,507
Ensembl chr10:9,980,383...10,104,874
JBrowse link
G MIR194B microRNA mir-194b ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:9,704,910...9,704,987
Ensembl chr10:9,704,910...9,704,987
JBrowse link
G MTARC1 mitochondrial amidoxime reducing component 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:10,190,759...10,264,467 JBrowse link
G MTARC2 mitochondrial amidoxime reducing component 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:10,156,732...10,194,371
Ensembl chr10:10,156,727...10,188,425
JBrowse link
G MYO7A myosin VIIA ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa and congenital deafness
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Hallgren syndrome
CTD
ClinVar
PMID:3130723, PMID:7568224, PMID:7870171, PMID:8776602, PMID:8900236, PMID:9002678, PMID:9171833, PMID:9259201, PMID:9354784, PMID:9382091, PMID:9718356, PMID:10094549, PMID:10425080, PMID:10447383, PMID:10930322, PMID:12112664, PMID:15028842, PMID:15043528, PMID:15221449, PMID:15660226, PMID:15823922, PMID:15965244, PMID:16400615, PMID:16470552, PMID:16652077, PMID:16679490, PMID:16963483, PMID:17361009, PMID:18181211, PMID:18323324, PMID:18463160, PMID:18484607, PMID:18700726, PMID:19074810, PMID:19299023, PMID:19683999, PMID:20052763, PMID:20132242, PMID:20146813, PMID:20497194, PMID:20513143, PMID:20844544, PMID:21117948, PMID:21150918, PMID:21174530, PMID:21311020, PMID:21436283, PMID:21487335, PMID:21569298, PMID:21738395, PMID:21873662, PMID:22135276, PMID:22681893, PMID:22690115, PMID:22898263, PMID:23208854, PMID:23237960, PMID:23451239, PMID:23591405, PMID:23770805, PMID:24033266, PMID:24164807, PMID:24194196, PMID:24199935, PMID:24831256, PMID:24875298, PMID:25080338, PMID:25333064, PMID:25404053, PMID:25468891, PMID:25472526, PMID:25525159, PMID:25558175, PMID:25575603, PMID:25741868, PMID:25788563, PMID:26226137, PMID:26309859, PMID:26338283, PMID:26445815, PMID:26467025, PMID:26791358, PMID:26872967, PMID:26969326, PMID:27068579, PMID:27208204, PMID:27344577, PMID:27460420, PMID:27583663, PMID:27610647, PMID:27743452, PMID:27957503, PMID:28000701, PMID:28041643, PMID:28439001, PMID:28472130, PMID:28492532, PMID:28944237, PMID:29142287, PMID:29196752, PMID:29490346, PMID:30245029, PMID:30303587, PMID:30311386, PMID:30459346, PMID:30718709, PMID:31479088 NCBI chr 9:11,251,187...11,337,618
Ensembl chr 9:11,249,075...11,666,296
JBrowse link
G PCDH15 protocadherin related 15 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa and congenital deafness
CTD
ClinVar
PMID:12711741, PMID:15028842, PMID:15537665, PMID:15660226, PMID:19309154, PMID:22815625, PMID:24033266, PMID:24105371, PMID:25262649, PMID:25307757, PMID:25525159, PMID:25741868, PMID:27460420, PMID:28041643, PMID:28281779, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr14:95,530,168...96,388,032 JBrowse link
G PROM1 prominin 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar NCBI chr 8:11,215,659...11,331,442
Ensembl chr 8:11,215,659...11,317,312
JBrowse link
G PSAP prosaposin ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Hallgren syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome
ClinVar PMID:18429043, PMID:24033266, PMID:25741868, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr14:74,734,185...74,820,645
Ensembl chr14:74,734,189...74,887,763
JBrowse link
G RAB3GAP2 RAB3 GTPase activating non-catalytic protein subunit 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:9,734,766...9,828,330
Ensembl chr10:9,734,767...9,828,345
JBrowse link
G RRP15 ribosomal RNA processing 15 homolog ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:8,253,798...8,296,143
Ensembl chr10:8,253,821...8,303,860
JBrowse link
G SLC30A10 solute carrier family 30 member 10 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:9,527,523...9,545,493 JBrowse link
G SPATA17 spermatogenesis associated 17 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:7,797,448...8,120,892
Ensembl chr10:7,797,496...8,112,181
JBrowse link
G TAF1A TATA-box binding protein associated factor, RNA polymerase I subunit A ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:11,340,637...11,362,432
Ensembl chr10:11,315,856...11,362,414
JBrowse link
G TGFB2 transforming growth factor beta 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:28041643 NCBI chr10:8,306,136...8,435,307
Ensembl chr10:8,305,424...8,405,771
JBrowse link
G USH1C USH1 protein network component harmonin treatment ISO DNA:mutations:cds:
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome
RGD
ClinVar
PMID:10973247, PMID:10973248, PMID:11139240, PMID:11239869, PMID:11810303, PMID:12107438, PMID:12630964, PMID:12702164, PMID:14519688, PMID:15578223, PMID:15660226, PMID:17174357, PMID:17407589, PMID:18665195, PMID:20095043, PMID:21436283, PMID:21569298, PMID:22135276, PMID:23380860, PMID:24033266, PMID:25741868, PMID:26969326, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:30718709 RGD:8694457, RGD:8694458, RGD:8695937, RGD:8695939 NCBI chr 2:41,593,793...41,646,777
Ensembl chr 2:41,593,802...41,647,411
JBrowse link
G USH2A usherin susceptibility ISO DNA:snps, insertion:exon, intron:multiple (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Hallgren syndrome
RGD
ClinVar
PMID:1968399, PMID:9624053, PMID:10090909, PMID:10729113, PMID:10775529, PMID:10909849, PMID:11311042, PMID:11402400, PMID:12112664, PMID:12427073, PMID:12525556, PMID:14970843, PMID:15015129, PMID:15025721, PMID:15043528, PMID:15241801, PMID:15325563, PMID:15326663, PMID:15823922, PMID:16098008, PMID:16114888, PMID:16963483, PMID:17085681, PMID:17296898, PMID:17405132, PMID:18273898, PMID:18452394, PMID:18463160, PMID:18641288, PMID:18665195, PMID:19023448, PMID:19129697, PMID:19683999, PMID:19737284, PMID:19881469, PMID:20052763, PMID:20145675, PMID:20301515, PMID:20507924, PMID:20591486, PMID:20596040, PMID:21151602, PMID:21174530, PMID:21234346, PMID:21569298, PMID:21686329, PMID:21738395, PMID:22004887, PMID:22009552, PMID:22135276, PMID:22334370, PMID:22495311, PMID:22581970, PMID:22681893, PMID:22952768, PMID:23352160, PMID:23591405, PMID:23737954, PMID:23804846, PMID:23924366, PMID:23940504, PMID:23991284, PMID:24033266, PMID:24088041, PMID:24160897, PMID:24265693, PMID:24498627, PMID:24516651, PMID:24607488, PMID:24625443, PMID:24853665, PMID:24944099, PMID:25078356, PMID:25097241, PMID:25133613, PMID:25133751, PMID:25261458, PMID:25262649, PMID:25324289, PMID:25326637, PMID:25333064, PMID:25356976, PMID:25375654, PMID:25404053, PMID:25412400, PMID:25425308, PMID:25472526, PMID:25521520, PMID:25525159, PMID:25558175, PMID:25575603, PMID:25649381, PMID:25741868, PMID:25823529, PMID:25910913, PMID:25991456, PMID:25999674, PMID:26310143, PMID:26338283, PMID:26633545, PMID:26667666, PMID:26764160, PMID:26766544, PMID:26806561, PMID:26872967, PMID:26927203, PMID:26969326, PMID:27157150, PMID:27160483, PMID:27208204, PMID:27318125, PMID:27460420, PMID:27596865, PMID:27624628, PMID:27957503, PMID:28041643, PMID:28130426, PMID:28157192, PMID:28492532, PMID:28512305, PMID:28559085, PMID:28653555, PMID:28894305, PMID:28944237, PMID:28981474, PMID:29074561, PMID:29142287, PMID:29196752, PMID:29293505, PMID:29343940, PMID:29490346, PMID:29625443, PMID:29767709, PMID:29912909, PMID:29953849, PMID:30190494, PMID:30245029, PMID:30311386, PMID:30337596, PMID:30543658, PMID:30718709, PMID:31877679 RGD:8547956 NCBI chr10:5,825,591...6,662,733 JBrowse link
G ZDHHC24 zinc finger DHHC-type containing 24 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome ClinVar PMID:12118255, PMID:12524598, PMID:12677556, PMID:12837689, PMID:15314642, PMID:17980398, PMID:18032602, PMID:18669544, PMID:18766993, PMID:20498079, PMID:21052717, PMID:21642631, PMID:22581970, PMID:22940089, PMID:23143442, PMID:23565731, PMID:23847139, PMID:23943788, PMID:24033266, PMID:25326635, PMID:25741868, PMID:26467025, PMID:26872967, PMID:27032803, PMID:27659767, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:29264490, PMID:30614526, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 2:5,874,509...5,883,525 JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ADGRV1 adhesion G protein-coupled receptor V1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1 ClinVar PMID:21569298, PMID:24033266, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 2:97,703,648...98,277,847
Ensembl chr 2:97,734,809...98,275,085
JBrowse link
G C14H10orf105 chromosome 14 C10orf105 homolog ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 1
ClinVar PMID:12075507, PMID:15537665, PMID:18273900, PMID:21228398, PMID:24033266, PMID:25741868, PMID:26467025 NCBI chr14:74,630,827...74,639,180
Ensembl chr14:74,629,795...74,638,030
JBrowse link
G CDH23 cadherin related 23 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 1
ClinVar PMID:12075507, PMID:15537665, PMID:15660226, PMID:16679490, PMID:16963483, PMID:18273900, PMID:19683999, PMID:20613545, PMID:21228398, PMID:21569298, PMID:21738395, PMID:24033266, PMID:25468891, PMID:25741868, PMID:25788563, PMID:26467025, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr14:74,267,547...74,734,623
Ensembl chr14:74,223,089...74,733,834
JBrowse link
G CIB2 calcium and integrin binding family member 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1 ClinVar PMID:18505454, PMID:23023331 NCBI chr 7:47,807,806...47,813,400
Ensembl chr 7:47,788,791...47,813,400
JBrowse link
G ESPN espin ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1 ClinVar PMID:29572253 NCBI chr 6:67,284,106...67,316,577
Ensembl chr 6:67,284,021...67,315,863
JBrowse link
G MYO7A myosin VIIA ISO DNA:insertion:CDS:c.2663_2664insA (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 1
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1
RGD
ClinVar
PMID:3130723, PMID:7568224, PMID:7870171, PMID:8776602, PMID:8900236, PMID:9002678, PMID:9171833, PMID:9259201, PMID:9354784, PMID:9382091, PMID:9718356, PMID:10094549, PMID:10364543, PMID:10425080, PMID:10447383, PMID:10930322, PMID:12080385, PMID:12112664, PMID:15028842, PMID:15043528, PMID:15121790, PMID:15221449, PMID:15592175, PMID:15606003, PMID:15660226, PMID:15823922, PMID:16400615, PMID:16470552, PMID:16652077, PMID:16679490, PMID:16963483, PMID:17361009, PMID:17960123, PMID:18181211, PMID:18323324, PMID:18463160, PMID:18484607, PMID:18700726, PMID:19074810, PMID:19299023, PMID:19683999, PMID:20052763, PMID:20132242, PMID:20146813, PMID:20497194, PMID:20513143, PMID:20613545, PMID:20844544, PMID:21117948, PMID:21150918, PMID:21174530, PMID:21311020, PMID:21436283, PMID:21487335, PMID:21569298, PMID:21738395, PMID:21873662, PMID:22135276, PMID:22681893, PMID:22690115, PMID:22785243, PMID:22898263, PMID:23226338, PMID:23237960, PMID:23451214, PMID:23451239, PMID:23591405, PMID:23770805, PMID:23804846, PMID:23882135, PMID:24033266, PMID:24164807, PMID:24194196, PMID:24199935, PMID:24498627, PMID:24618850, PMID:24831256, PMID:24875298, PMID:25080338, PMID:25262649, PMID:25333064, PMID:25404053, PMID:25468891, PMID:25525159, PMID:25558175, PMID:25575603, PMID:25741868, PMID:25788563, PMID:26226137, PMID:26445815, PMID:26467025, PMID:26791358, PMID:26872967, PMID:26969326, PMID:27068579, PMID:27208204, PMID:27344577, PMID:27440999, PMID:27460420, PMID:27583663, PMID:27610647, PMID:27743452, PMID:27766948, PMID:27957503, PMID:28008688, PMID:28041643, PMID:28472130, PMID:28492532, PMID:28944237, PMID:29142287, PMID:29490346, PMID:30245029, PMID:30311386, PMID:30459346, PMID:30718709, PMID:31479088 RGD:8694152 NCBI chr 9:11,251,187...11,337,618
Ensembl chr 9:11,249,075...11,666,296
JBrowse link
G OTOP2 otopetrin 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1 ClinVar PMID:21569298 NCBI chr12:6,324,188...6,333,513
Ensembl chr12:6,324,193...6,333,338
JBrowse link
G PCDH15 protocadherin related 15 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 1
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1
ClinVar PMID:12711741, PMID:15028842, PMID:15537665, PMID:15660226, PMID:16679490, PMID:20672374, PMID:21569298, PMID:22135276, PMID:22183965, PMID:22815625, PMID:23967202, PMID:24033266, PMID:24105371, PMID:24498627, PMID:24618850, PMID:24831256, PMID:25262649, PMID:25307757, PMID:25468891, PMID:25525159, PMID:25741868, PMID:26467025, PMID:27058588, PMID:27208204, PMID:27460420, PMID:27766948, PMID:27861356, PMID:28492532, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr14:95,530,168...96,388,032 JBrowse link
G USH1C USH1 protein network component harmonin onset ISO DNA:mutation:cds: c.216G>A(human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 1
DNA:deletion:exon:c.1220delG(human)
DNA:mutations:cds,splicing site:p.R103H,c.2227-1G>A(human)
RGD
ClinVar
PMID:9760205, PMID:10973247, PMID:10973248, PMID:11139240, PMID:11239869, PMID:11810303, PMID:12107438, PMID:12136232, PMID:12630964, PMID:12702164, PMID:15578223, PMID:15660226, PMID:16679490, PMID:17174357, PMID:17407589, PMID:18665195, PMID:20095043, PMID:20142502, PMID:21436283, PMID:21487335, PMID:21569298, PMID:22135276, PMID:23251578, PMID:23380860, PMID:24033266, PMID:24498627, PMID:25356976, PMID:25741868, PMID:26969326, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:30096381, PMID:30718709 RGD:8695918, RGD:8695919, RGD:8695921 NCBI chr 2:41,593,793...41,646,777
Ensembl chr 2:41,593,802...41,647,411
JBrowse link
G USH1G USH1 protein network component sans ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 1
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher Syndrome Type I
ClinVar PMID:11941484, PMID:12588794, PMID:21569298, PMID:25741868 NCBI chr12:6,333,640...6,341,083
Ensembl chr12:6,334,279...6,339,692
JBrowse link
G USH2A usherin ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 1
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1
ClinVar PMID:21569298, PMID:24033266, PMID:26667666, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr10:5,825,591...6,662,733 JBrowse link
Usher Syndrome Type 1B term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G MYO7A myosin VIIA treatment ISO OMIM
RGD
PMID:23991031 RGD:8694151 NCBI chr 9:11,251,187...11,337,618
Ensembl chr 9:11,249,075...11,666,296
JBrowse link
G PCDH15 protocadherin related 15 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa and congenital deafness ClinVar PMID:12711741, PMID:15028842, PMID:15537665, PMID:15660226, PMID:22815625, PMID:24033266, PMID:24105371, PMID:25262649, PMID:25307757, PMID:25525159, PMID:25741868, PMID:27460420, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr14:95,530,168...96,388,032 JBrowse link
G USH1C USH1 protein network component harmonin ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Retinitis pigmentosa and congenital deafness
CTD
ClinVar
PMID:10973247, PMID:10973248, PMID:11139240, PMID:11239869, PMID:11810303, PMID:12107438, PMID:12630964, PMID:12702164, PMID:15578223, PMID:15660226, PMID:17174357, PMID:17407589, PMID:18665195, PMID:20095043, PMID:21436283, PMID:21569298, PMID:22135276, PMID:23380860, PMID:24033266, PMID:25741868, PMID:26969326, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:30718709 NCBI chr 2:41,593,793...41,646,777
Ensembl chr 2:41,593,802...41,647,411
JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 1C term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G USH1C USH1 protein network component harmonin ISO OMIM NCBI chr 2:41,593,793...41,646,777
Ensembl chr 2:41,593,802...41,647,411
JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 1D term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G C14H10orf105 chromosome 14 C10orf105 homolog ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 1D
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1D
ClinVar PMID:11090341, PMID:11138009, PMID:12075507, PMID:15537665, PMID:15660226, PMID:17850630, PMID:18273900, PMID:18429043, PMID:20146813, PMID:21228398, PMID:21569298, PMID:21940737, PMID:22135276, PMID:22899989, PMID:24033266, PMID:24875298, PMID:25468891, PMID:25741868, PMID:25991456, PMID:26467025, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr14:74,630,827...74,639,180
Ensembl chr14:74,629,795...74,638,030
JBrowse link
G CDH23 cadherin related 23 ISO OMIM NCBI chr14:74,267,547...74,734,623
Ensembl chr14:74,223,089...74,733,834
JBrowse link
G PCDH15 protocadherin related 15 ISO OMIM NCBI chr14:95,530,168...96,388,032 JBrowse link
G PSAP prosaposin ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 1D
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1D
ClinVar PMID:18429043, PMID:24033266, PMID:24416283, PMID:25741868, PMID:25991456, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr14:74,734,185...74,820,645
Ensembl chr14:74,734,189...74,887,763
JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 1F term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G PCDH15 protocadherin related 15 ISO OMIM NCBI chr14:95,530,168...96,388,032 JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 1G term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G OTOP2 otopetrin 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1G ClinVar PMID:15660226, PMID:17896313, PMID:22135276, PMID:24033266, PMID:25741868, PMID:28224992, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr12:6,324,188...6,333,513
Ensembl chr12:6,324,193...6,333,338
JBrowse link
G PCDH15 protocadherin related 15 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 1G ClinVar PMID:12711741, PMID:15028842, PMID:22815625, PMID:24033266, PMID:24105371, PMID:25262649, PMID:25307757, PMID:25525159, PMID:25741868, PMID:27460420, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr14:95,530,168...96,388,032 JBrowse link
G USH1G USH1 protein network component sans ISO OMIM NCBI chr12:6,333,640...6,341,083
Ensembl chr12:6,334,279...6,339,692
JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 1J term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CIB2 calcium and integrin binding family member 2 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 7:47,807,806...47,813,400
Ensembl chr 7:47,788,791...47,813,400
JBrowse link
Usher Syndrome Type 1M term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ESPN espin ISO OMIM NCBI chr 6:67,284,106...67,316,577
Ensembl chr 6:67,284,021...67,315,863
JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 2 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ADGRV1 adhesion G protein-coupled receptor V1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 2 ClinVar PMID:19357117, PMID:22135276, PMID:22147658, PMID:24033266, PMID:24123792, PMID:25741868, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 2:97,703,648...98,277,847
Ensembl chr 2:97,734,809...98,275,085
JBrowse link
G CDH23 cadherin related 23 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 2 ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr14:74,267,547...74,734,623
Ensembl chr14:74,223,089...74,733,834
JBrowse link
G MYO7A myosin VIIA ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 2 ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 9:11,251,187...11,337,618
Ensembl chr 9:11,249,075...11,666,296
JBrowse link
G USH1C USH1 protein network component harmonin ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 2 ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 2:41,593,793...41,646,777
Ensembl chr 2:41,593,802...41,647,411
JBrowse link
G USH2A usherin susceptibility ISO DNA:frameshift mutations, missense mutations, nonsense mutation:exon:multiple (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome type 2
DNA:mutations:multiple (human)
DNA:snp:intron:c.7595-2144A>G (human)
DNA:insertion, deletions, snps:multiple (human)
DNA:mutations: :multiple
RGD
ClinVar
PMID:10729113, PMID:10738000, PMID:10775529, PMID:10909849, PMID:11311042, PMID:12112664, PMID:12525556, PMID:15015129, PMID:15025721, PMID:15043528, PMID:15241801, PMID:15325563, PMID:16963483, PMID:17296898, PMID:17405132, PMID:18273898, PMID:18452394, PMID:18463160, PMID:18641288, PMID:18665195, PMID:19683999, PMID:19881469, PMID:20052763, PMID:20145675, PMID:20507924, PMID:20513143, PMID:21174530, PMID:21234346, PMID:21569298, PMID:21686329, PMID:22004887, PMID:22009552, PMID:22135276, PMID:22495311, PMID:23352160, PMID:23591405, PMID:23924366, PMID:24033266, PMID:24160897, PMID:24498627, PMID:24938718, PMID:24944099, PMID:25078356, PMID:25097241, PMID:25211151, PMID:25262649, PMID:25324289, PMID:25333064, PMID:25356976, PMID:25404053, PMID:25558175, PMID:25575603, PMID:25649381, PMID:25741868, PMID:26310143, PMID:26338283, PMID:26927203, PMID:27032803, PMID:27160483, PMID:27318125, PMID:27344577, PMID:27460420, PMID:28041643, PMID:28130426, PMID:28492532, PMID:28653555, PMID:28894305, PMID:28944237, PMID:28981474, PMID:29142287, PMID:29293505, PMID:29490346, PMID:29625443, PMID:29899460, PMID:30245029, PMID:30311386, PMID:30718709, PMID:30948794 RGD:8547952, RGD:8547962, RGD:8547965, RGD:8547985, RGD:8694137 NCBI chr10:5,825,591...6,662,733 JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 2A term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ADGRV1 adhesion G protein-coupled receptor V1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 2A ClinVar NCBI chr 2:97,703,648...98,277,847
Ensembl chr 2:97,734,809...98,275,085
JBrowse link
G CDH23 cadherin related 23 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: USHER SYNDROME, TYPE IIA ClinVar PMID:2706105, PMID:12075507, PMID:12522556, PMID:15353998, PMID:21940737, PMID:24033266, PMID:25741868, PMID:27460420, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr14:74,267,547...74,734,623
Ensembl chr14:74,223,089...74,733,834
JBrowse link
G KCTD3 potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 3 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 2A ClinVar PMID:21681106 NCBI chr10:5,754,180...5,815,126
Ensembl chr10:5,753,831...5,815,086
JBrowse link
G PDZD7 PDZ domain containing 7 ISO OMIM NCBI chr14:112,088,332...112,111,348 JBrowse link
G USH2A usherin susceptibility ISO DNA:mutations:multiple (human)
DNA:frameshift mutations:cds:c.2314delG, c.2913delG, c.4353-4354delCT (human)
OMIM
RGD
PMID:9624053, PMID:10729113 RGD:8547961, RGD:8547987 NCBI chr10:5,825,591...6,662,733 JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 2C term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ADGRV1 adhesion G protein-coupled receptor V1 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 2:97,703,648...98,277,847
Ensembl chr 2:97,734,809...98,275,085
JBrowse link
G PDZD7 PDZ domain containing 7 ISO OMIM NCBI chr14:112,088,332...112,111,348 JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 2D term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G WHRN whirlin ISO OMIM NCBI chr 1:255,009,765...255,095,281
Ensembl chr 1:255,009,768...255,095,223
JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 3 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CLRN1 clarin 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher Syndrome, Type III
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 3
ClinVar PMID:7407589, PMID:11524702, PMID:12080385, PMID:12145752, PMID:14569126, PMID:15521980, PMID:16028794, PMID:17407589, PMID:18281613, PMID:19423712, PMID:19753315, PMID:20717163, PMID:21675857, PMID:22681893, PMID:22787034, PMID:23304067, PMID:24033266, PMID:24596593, PMID:25741868, PMID:26180195, PMID:27460420, PMID:28041643, PMID:28492532, PMID:29490346, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr13:91,104,850...91,152,397
Ensembl chr13:91,106,323...91,147,832
JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 3A term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CLRN1 clarin 1 ISO OMIM NCBI chr13:91,104,850...91,152,397
Ensembl chr13:91,106,323...91,147,832
JBrowse link
Usher syndrome type 3B term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G HARS1 histidyl-tRNA synthetase 1 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 2:142,387,563...142,401,232
Ensembl chr 2:142,370,184...142,401,209
JBrowse link
Usher Syndrome Type 4 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ARSG arylsulfatase G ISO OMIM NCBI chr12:11,751,930...11,882,844
Ensembl chr12:11,751,937...11,843,055
JBrowse link
Usher Syndrome, Type 2B term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ADGRV1 adhesion G protein-coupled receptor V1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Usher syndrome, type 2B ClinVar PMID:14740321, PMID:15671307, PMID:22135276, PMID:24033266, PMID:25741868, PMID:26164827, PMID:26338283, PMID:27575413, PMID:28041643 NCBI chr 2:97,703,648...98,277,847
Ensembl chr 2:97,734,809...98,275,085
JBrowse link
Usher Syndrome, Type ID/F term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CDH23 cadherin related 23 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: USHER SYNDROME, TYPE ID/F, DIGENIC ClinVar PMID:12075507, PMID:15537665, PMID:15660226, PMID:24033266 NCBI chr14:74,267,547...74,734,623
Ensembl chr14:74,223,089...74,733,834
JBrowse link
G PCDH15 protocadherin related 15 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: USHER SYNDROME, TYPE ID/F, DIGENIC ClinVar PMID:15537665, PMID:15660226, PMID:24033266 NCBI chr14:95,530,168...96,388,032 JBrowse link
visual impairment and progressive phthisis bulbi term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G MARK3 microtubule affinity regulating kinase 3 ISO OMIM
Webb-Dattani Syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G ARNT2 aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator 2 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 7:49,259,118...49,450,471
Ensembl chr 7:49,258,910...49,450,463
JBrowse link
Wittwer Syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G NSD2 nuclear receptor binding SET domain protein 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Wittwer syndrome ClinVar PMID:11252005, PMID:25741868, PMID:29760529, PMID:29892088, PMID:30345613 NCBI chr 8:938,832...1,018,032
Ensembl chr 8:963,884...1,018,025
JBrowse link
Wolfram syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G MT-ND1 mitochondrially encoded NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase core subunit 1 ISO DNA:snp:cds:m.4216T>C (human) RGD PMID:9309689 RGD:5490247 NCBI chr MT:3,922...4,876
Ensembl chr MT:3,922...4,876
JBrowse link
G WFS1 wolframin ER transmembrane glycoprotein ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: DIDMOAD syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Diabetes mellitus AND insipidus with optic atrophy AND deafness
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Wolfram syndrome
CTD
ClinVar
RGD
PMID:9771706, PMID:9817917, PMID:9856492, PMID:10521293, PMID:10679252, PMID:10760554, PMID:11161832, PMID:11244483, PMID:11260218, PMID:11295831, PMID:11317350, PMID:12022290, PMID:12107816, PMID:12754709, PMID:12955714, PMID:15151504, PMID:15234338, PMID:15277431, PMID:15605410, PMID:16151413, PMID:17492394, PMID:17517145, PMID:17568405, PMID:17603484, PMID:18040659, PMID:18414213, PMID:18806274, PMID:19042979, PMID:19344068, PMID:19877185, PMID:20738327, PMID:20875904, PMID:21067485, PMID:21143470, PMID:21446023, PMID:21538838, PMID:21602428, PMID:22226368, PMID:22238590, PMID:22938506, PMID:23429432, PMID:23535966, PMID:23856252, PMID:23981289, PMID:23990876, PMID:24033266, PMID:24088041, PMID:24705017, PMID:24890733, PMID:25133958, PMID:25388789, PMID:25741868, PMID:26025012, PMID:26435059, PMID:26467025, PMID:26633545, PMID:26875006, PMID:27185633, PMID:27395765, PMID:28432734, PMID:28468959, PMID:28492532, PMID:28590052, PMID:29529044, PMID:30014265, PMID:30311386 RGD:1599813 NCBI chr 8:4,362,678...4,405,185
Ensembl chr 8:4,362,678...4,385,272
JBrowse link
Wolfram syndrome 1 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G WFS1 wolframin ER transmembrane glycoprotein ISO OMIM NCBI chr 8:4,362,678...4,405,185
Ensembl chr 8:4,362,678...4,385,272
JBrowse link
Wolfram syndrome 2 term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G CISD2 CDGSH iron sulfur domain 2 ISO OMIM NCBI chr 8:118,152,580...118,164,695
Ensembl chr 8:118,151,957...118,164,643
JBrowse link
G SLC9B1 solute carrier family 9 member B1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Wolfram syndrome 2 ClinVar PMID:10739754, PMID:17846994, PMID:25056293 NCBI chr 8:118,052,091...118,134,685
Ensembl chr 8:118,052,490...118,155,396
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 12617
    sensory system disease 4728
      eye disease 2436
        blindness 94
          Amaurosis Fugax 2
          Deaf-Blind Disorders + 52
          Hemianopsia 0
          Microcephaly Microphthalmos Blindness 0
          Norrie disease 4
          Polycystic Kidney, Cataract, and Congenital Blindness 0
          Retinal Aplasia 0
          Rodrigues Blindness 0
          Scoliosis, Arachnodactyly, and Blindness 0
          Webb-Dattani Syndrome 1
          Yemenite Deaf-Blind Hypopigmentation Syndrome 0
          color blindness + 18
          cortical blindness + 1
          visual impairment and progressive phthisis bulbi 1
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 12617
    disease of anatomical entity 12149
      nervous system disease 9902
        Neurologic Manifestations 3929
          Sensation Disorders 967
            Vision Disorders 195
              blindness 94
                Amaurosis Fugax 2
                Deaf-Blind Disorders + 52
                Hemianopsia 0
                Microcephaly Microphthalmos Blindness 0
                Norrie disease 4
                Polycystic Kidney, Cataract, and Congenital Blindness 0
                Retinal Aplasia 0
                Rodrigues Blindness 0
                Scoliosis, Arachnodactyly, and Blindness 0
                Webb-Dattani Syndrome 1
                Yemenite Deaf-Blind Hypopigmentation Syndrome 0
                color blindness + 18
                cortical blindness + 1
                visual impairment and progressive phthisis bulbi 1
paths to the root

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.