Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  FTP Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

RGD DISEASE ONTOLOGY - ANNOTATIONS

RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, https://disease-ontology.org/) for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:hereditary multiple exostoses
go back to main search page
Accession:DOID:206 term browser browse the term
Definition:Hereditary disorder transmitted by an autosomal dominant gene and characterized by multiple exostoses (multiple osteochondromas) near the ends of long bones. The genetic abnormality results in a defect in the osteoclastic activity at the metaphyseal ends of the bone during the remodeling process in childhood or early adolescence. The metaphyses develop benign, bony outgrowths often capped by cartilage. A small number undergo neoplastic transformation.
Synonyms:exact_synonym: Bessel-Hagen disease;   Diaphyseal Aclasis;   Familial Exostoses;   Familial Exostosis;   HEREDITARY MULTIPLE OSTEOCHONDROMATOSIS;   Hereditary Deforming Chondrodysplasia;   Hereditary Deforming Chondrodysplasias;   Hereditary Multiple Exostosis;   Multiple Cartilaginous Exostosis;   Multiple Exostoses;   Multiple Exostosis;   Multiple Osteochondroma;   Multiple congenital exostosis;   diaphyseal aclases;   multiple cartilaginous exostoses;   multiple exostosis syndromes;   multiple ostechondromas;   multiple osteochondromas;   multiple osteochondromatosis;   osteochondromatosis syndrome
 primary_id: MESH:D005097
 alt_id: RDO:0000463
 xref: ICD10CM:Q78.6;   NCI:C5183;   ORDO:321
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.


show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
 
hereditary multiple exostoses term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ext1 exostosin glycosyltransferase 1 ISO DNA:frameshift mutations, missense mutation:cds:multiple (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Multiple congenital exostosis
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Multiple exostoses
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: MULTIPLE OSTEOCHONDROMAS
DNA:missense mutation:cds:p.Y271H (human)
DNA:frameshift mutation:cds:p.S442IfsX1 (human)
DNA:frameshift mutation:cds:p.K218fsX247 (human)
DNA:nonsense mutation:cds:p.Y634X (human)
DNA:missense mutation, frameshift mutation:cds:p.R340L, p.K177KfsX15 (human)
DNA:deletion:cds:p.V545_E574del (human)
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Hereditary Multiple Osteochondromatosis
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:1816274, PMID:7550340, PMID:8981950, PMID:9150727, PMID:9326317, PMID:9463333, PMID:9521425, PMID:9620772, PMID:10639137, PMID:10679296, PMID:10679937, PMID:10713884, PMID:11169766, PMID:11170095, PMID:11342960, PMID:11391482, PMID:11432960, PMID:11668521, PMID:12032595, PMID:12239711, PMID:12490068, PMID:15221792, PMID:15253765, PMID:15586175, PMID:16088908, PMID:16283885, PMID:17041877, PMID:17301954, PMID:17589361, PMID:18165274, PMID:18330718, PMID:18373409, PMID:18976157, PMID:19344451, PMID:19810120, PMID:19839753, PMID:20025490, PMID:20080592, PMID:20418910, PMID:21039224, PMID:21280143, PMID:21499719, PMID:21520333, PMID:21703028, PMID:22258776, PMID:22382802, PMID:22913777, PMID:23262345, PMID:23439489, PMID:23629877, PMID:24120389, PMID:24496678, PMID:24532482, PMID:24728327, PMID:25230886, PMID:25468659, PMID:25541963, PMID:25741868, PMID:26239617, PMID:26515642, PMID:26622573, PMID:26690531, PMID:26961984, PMID:28492532, PMID:28690282, PMID:29126381, PMID:29529714, PMID:29620724, PMID:29989442, PMID:30311386, PMID:30334991, PMID:8981950, PMID:17767039, PMID:17767039, PMID:25421355, PMID:12490068, PMID:24297320, PMID:18330718, PMID:26839764 RGD:1598916, RGD:13208236, RGD:13208236, RGD:13208234, RGD:13208233, RGD:13208229, RGD:13208228, RGD:13208227 NCBI chr 7:92,605,008...92,881,392
Ensembl chr 7:92,605,728...92,882,068
JBrowse link
G Ext2 exostosin glycosyltransferase 2 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:23439489 NCBI chr 3:82,602,784...82,734,557
Ensembl chr 3:82,602,785...82,734,533
JBrowse link
G Ptpn11 protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 11 ISO CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism CTD PMID:21533187 NCBI chr12:40,895,515...40,955,999
Ensembl chr12:40,895,515...40,955,999
JBrowse link
chondrodysplasia Blomstrand type term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Pth1r parathyroid hormone 1 receptor ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:215045
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Chondrodysplasia Blomstrand type
ClinVar
OMIM
PMID:3975110, PMID:9268097, PMID:9649554, PMID:9745456, PMID:10523019, PMID:17164305, PMID:18559376, PMID:25741868, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 8:118,984,531...119,012,803
Ensembl chr 8:118,988,053...119,012,671
JBrowse link
Kniest Like Dysplasia Lethal term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Hspg2 heparan sulfate proteoglycan 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Lethal Kniest-like syndrome ClinVar PMID:11279527, PMID:24088041, PMID:24781210, PMID:25504735, PMID:25741868, PMID:25803036, PMID:26467025, PMID:26508570, PMID:26633545, PMID:28242392, PMID:28492532, PMID:29271572, PMID:29901129, PMID:30311386 NCBI chr 5:155,812,096...155,913,751 JBrowse link
G Ldlrad2 low density lipoprotein receptor class A domain containing 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Lethal Kniest-like syndrome ClinVar PMID:25504735, PMID:25741868, PMID:26467025, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 5:155,914,517...155,922,269
Ensembl chr 5:155,914,735...155,916,893
JBrowse link
metachondromatosis term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ptpn11 protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 11 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Metachondromatosis
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:156250
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:1258892, PMID:1543375, PMID:4025385, PMID:4386970, PMID:8530013, PMID:9222968, PMID:11704759, PMID:11992261, PMID:12058348, PMID:12161469, PMID:12161596, PMID:12634870, PMID:12717436, PMID:12960218, PMID:14634749, PMID:14644997, PMID:14961557, PMID:14974085, PMID:15001945, PMID:15009076, PMID:15121796, PMID:15240615, PMID:15248152, PMID:15389709, PMID:15520399, PMID:15539800, PMID:15712196, PMID:15723289, PMID:15761018, PMID:15834506, PMID:15928039, PMID:15929108, PMID:15948193, PMID:15956085, PMID:15985475, PMID:15987685, PMID:15996221, PMID:16053901, PMID:16124853, PMID:16263833, PMID:16338218, PMID:16358218, PMID:16377799, PMID:16399795, PMID:16498234, PMID:16523510, PMID:16638574, PMID:16679933, PMID:16804314, PMID:17020470, PMID:17056636, PMID:17143285, PMID:17222357, PMID:17339163, PMID:17361219, PMID:17497712, PMID:17515436, PMID:17546245, PMID:17661820, PMID:17935252, PMID:18253957, PMID:18331608, PMID:18372317, PMID:18373317, PMID:18470943, PMID:18678287, PMID:18758896, PMID:18759865, PMID:18849586, PMID:18854871, PMID:19020799, PMID:19054014, PMID:19077116, PMID:19133693, PMID:19174044, PMID:19206169, PMID:19352411, PMID:19449407, PMID:19467855, PMID:19509418, PMID:19725129, PMID:19737548, PMID:19768645, PMID:19825837, PMID:19864201, PMID:20186801, PMID:20308328, PMID:20493809, PMID:20535210, PMID:20577567, PMID:20718194, PMID:20883402, PMID:20979190, PMID:21321969, PMID:21339643, PMID:21340158, PMID:21365175, PMID:21365683, PMID:21396583, PMID:21407260, PMID:21500339, PMID:21533187, PMID:21567923, PMID:21590266, PMID:21747628, PMID:21910245, PMID:21934682, PMID:22190897, PMID:22315187, PMID:22411627, PMID:22465605, PMID:22555271, PMID:22585553, PMID:22681964, PMID:22781091, PMID:22822385, PMID:22923420, PMID:23312806, PMID:23317994, PMID:23334668, PMID:23457302, PMID:23513489, PMID:23584145, PMID:23673659, PMID:23726368, PMID:23756559, PMID:23771920, PMID:23813970, PMID:24033266, PMID:24037001, PMID:24183200, PMID:24401936, PMID:24451042, PMID:24628801, PMID:24728327, PMID:24754368, PMID:24767283, PMID:24775816, PMID:24803665, PMID:24820750, PMID:24935154, PMID:25231023, PMID:25326637, PMID:25337068, PMID:25500235, PMID:25544017, PMID:25595571, PMID:25612910, PMID:25731833, PMID:25741868, PMID:25741869, PMID:25862627, PMID:25884655, PMID:25912702, PMID:25917897, PMID:26206283, PMID:26249544, PMID:26297936, PMID:26337637, PMID:26467025, PMID:26785492, PMID:26817465, PMID:26822237, PMID:26918529, PMID:27153395, PMID:27238887, PMID:27353043, PMID:27484170, PMID:27521173, PMID:27619028, PMID:27626068, PMID:27659786, PMID:28051113, PMID:28074573, PMID:28483241, PMID:28492532, PMID:28628100, PMID:28650561, PMID:28681392, PMID:28957739, PMID:29276006, PMID:29493581, PMID:30311386, PMID:32581362, PMID:32860008, PMID:32963807 NCBI chr12:40,895,515...40,955,999
Ensembl chr12:40,895,515...40,955,999
JBrowse link
G Rpl6 ribosomal protein L6 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Metachondromatosis ClinVar NCBI chr12:40,877,578...40,882,032
Ensembl chr12:40,877,613...40,881,124
JBrowse link
Multiple Exostoses Type I term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ext1 exostosin glycosyltransferase 1 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: EXOSTOSES, MULTIPLE, TYPE I OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:7550340, PMID:8981950, PMID:9326317, PMID:9521425, PMID:9620772, PMID:10639137, PMID:10679296, PMID:10679937, PMID:10713884, PMID:11391482, PMID:11432960, PMID:15253765, PMID:16283885, PMID:17041877, PMID:18165274, PMID:18330718, PMID:19810120, PMID:20418910, PMID:22258776, PMID:23439489, PMID:25230886, PMID:25741868, PMID:26239617, PMID:26515642, PMID:26961984, PMID:28492532, PMID:29126381 NCBI chr 7:92,605,008...92,881,392
Ensembl chr 7:92,605,728...92,882,068
JBrowse link
Multiple Exostoses Type II term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Ext2 exostosin glycosyltransferase 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Multiple exostoses type 2
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: EXOSTOSES, MULTIPLE, TYPE II
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:133701
OMIM
ClinVar
PMID:8894688, PMID:9326317, PMID:9463333, PMID:10480354, PMID:10671060, PMID:10679937, PMID:10713884, PMID:10750558, PMID:11169766, PMID:11170095, PMID:11432960, PMID:11668521, PMID:12239711, PMID:12490068, PMID:15221792, PMID:15586175, PMID:15796962, PMID:16088908, PMID:16283885, PMID:17041877, PMID:17301954, PMID:17589361, PMID:18165274, PMID:18373409, PMID:18666861, PMID:18976157, PMID:19309273, PMID:19344451, PMID:19504431, PMID:19810120, PMID:19839753, PMID:20425833, PMID:21520333, PMID:22382802, PMID:22820392, PMID:23262345, PMID:23439489, PMID:23629877, PMID:24496678, PMID:24532482, PMID:24728327, PMID:24728384, PMID:25230886, PMID:25449079, PMID:25468659, PMID:25591329, PMID:25741868, PMID:25744876, PMID:26246518, PMID:26961984, PMID:28492532, PMID:28690282, PMID:28849184, PMID:29126381, PMID:29529714, PMID:30075207, PMID:30288735, PMID:30334991, PMID:30997052 NCBI chr 3:82,602,784...82,734,557
Ensembl chr 3:82,602,785...82,734,533
JBrowse link
Stuve-Wiedemann Syndrome term browser
Symbol Object Name Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G Hspg2 heparan sulfate proteoglycan 2 ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome ClinVar PMID:25741868 NCBI chr 5:155,812,096...155,913,751 JBrowse link
G Il6st interleukin 6 signal transducer ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome ClinVar NCBI chr 2:44,279,199...44,319,427
Ensembl chr 2:44,289,393...44,314,944
JBrowse link
G Lifr LIF receptor subunit alpha ISO ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Stuve-Wiedemann/Schwartz-Jampel type 2 syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by term: Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome
ClinVar Annotator: match by OMIM:601559
CTD Direct Evidence: marker/mechanism
OMIM
ClinVar
CTD
PMID:14740318, PMID:19603067, PMID:24033266, PMID:24988918, PMID:25326635, PMID:25540807, PMID:25741868, PMID:26752647, PMID:28334964, PMID:28492532 NCBI chr 2:56,424,910...56,489,346
Ensembl chr 2:56,426,367...56,489,415
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16058
    syndrome 6996
      Hereditary Neoplastic Syndromes 815
        hereditary multiple exostoses 9
          Dermochondrocorneal Dystrophy of François 0
          Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica with Chondromas and Osteochondromas 0
          Exostoses of Heel 0
          Intestinal Polyposis, with Multiple Exostoses 0
          Kniest Like Dysplasia Lethal 2
          Metaphyseal Acroscyphodysplasia 0
          Multiple Exostoses Type I 1
          Multiple Exostoses Type II 1
          Multiple Exostoses Type III 0
          Multiple Exostoses with Spastic Tetraparesis 0
          Potocki-Shaffer syndrome 0
          Stuve-Wiedemann Syndrome 3
          chondrodysplasia Blomstrand type 1
          metachondromatosis 2
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 16058
    disease of anatomical entity 15305
      musculoskeletal system disease 5739
        connective tissue disease 4099
          bone disease 3528
            bone development disease 1335
              osteochondrodysplasia 445
                Osteochondroma 9
                  Osteochondromatosis 9
                    hereditary multiple exostoses 9
                      Dermochondrocorneal Dystrophy of François 0
                      Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica with Chondromas and Osteochondromas 0
                      Exostoses of Heel 0
                      Intestinal Polyposis, with Multiple Exostoses 0
                      Kniest Like Dysplasia Lethal 2
                      Metaphyseal Acroscyphodysplasia 0
                      Multiple Exostoses Type I 1
                      Multiple Exostoses Type II 1
                      Multiple Exostoses Type III 0
                      Multiple Exostoses with Spastic Tetraparesis 0
                      Potocki-Shaffer syndrome 0
                      Stuve-Wiedemann Syndrome 3
                      chondrodysplasia Blomstrand type 1
                      metachondromatosis 2
paths to the root

NHLBI Logo

RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.