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RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:Brain Death
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Accession:DOID:9000774 term browser browse the term
Definition:A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)
Synonyms:exact_synonym: Brain Dead;   Brain Deads;   Coma Depasse;   Irreversible Coma
 primary_id: MESH:D001926;   RDO:0005057
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.

show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
Brain Death term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G HMOX1 heme oxygenase 1 treatment ISO mRNA, protein:increased expression:kidney RGD PMID:20819234, PMID:23356498 RGD:10755728, RGD:10766439 NCBI chr10:28,744,404...28,751,544
Ensembl chr10:28,743,795...28,751,773
JBrowse link
G ICAM1 intercellular adhesion molecule 1 ISO mRNA:increased expression:lung (rat) RGD PMID:20810760 RGD:4145365 NCBI chr20:50,818,715...50,827,914
Ensembl chr20:50,818,715...50,827,914
JBrowse link
G INHBB inhibin subunit beta B ISO mRNA:increased expression:kidney (rat) RGD PMID:15808645 RGD:9743920 NCBI chr19:29,765,697...29,768,485
Ensembl chr19:29,767,682...29,768,077
JBrowse link
G MAP2K4 mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 ISO RGD PMID:23157661 RGD:7495829 NCBI chr 5:36,142,610...36,243,673
Ensembl chr 5:36,118,388...36,241,296
JBrowse link
G MAP2K6 mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 6 ISO RGD PMID:23157661 RGD:7495829 NCBI chr 9:15,840,714...15,962,400
Ensembl chr 9:15,840,983...15,952,026
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 12699
    Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms 7631
      Pathologic Processes 5612
        Death 129
          Brain Death 5
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 12699
    disease of anatomical entity 12239
      nervous system disease 10001
        central nervous system disease 8459
          brain disease 7835
            disease of mental health 5752
              cognitive disorder 1723
                Consciousness Disorders 26
                  Unconsciousness 26
                    Coma 11
                      Brain Death 5
paths to the root


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.