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RGD uses the Human Disease Ontology (DO, for disease curation across species. RGD automatically downloads each new release of the ontology on a monthly basis. Some additional terms which are required for RGD's curation purposes but are not currently covered in the official version of DO have been added. As corresponding terms are added to DO, these custom terms are retired and the DO terms substituted in existing annotations and subsequently used for curation.

Term:Brain Death
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Accession:DOID:9000774 term browser browse the term
Definition:A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)
Synonyms:exact_synonym: Brain Dead;   Brain Deads;   Coma Depasse;   Irreversible Coma
 primary_id: MESH:D001926;   RDO:0005057
For additional species annotation, visit the Alliance of Genome Resources.

show annotations for term's descendants           Sort by:
Brain Death term browser
Symbol Object Name Qualifiers Evidence Notes Source PubMed Reference(s) RGD Reference(s) Position
G HMOX1 heme oxygenase 1 treatment ISO mRNA, protein:increased expression:kidney RGD PMID:23356498, PMID:20819234 RGD:10755728, RGD:10766439 NCBI chr22:35,381,096...35,394,207
Ensembl chr22:35,380,361...35,394,207
JBrowse link
G ICAM1 intercellular adhesion molecule 1 ISO mRNA:increased expression:lung (rat) RGD PMID:20810760 RGD:4145365 NCBI chr19:10,271,120...10,286,615
Ensembl chr19:10,271,093...10,286,615
JBrowse link
G INHBB inhibin subunit beta B ISO mRNA:increased expression:kidney (rat) RGD PMID:15808645 RGD:9743920 NCBI chr 2:120,346,136...120,351,803
Ensembl chr 2:120,346,136...120,351,803
JBrowse link
G MAP2K4 mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 ISO RGD PMID:23157661 RGD:7495829 NCBI chr17:12,020,822...12,143,828
Ensembl chr17:12,020,829...12,143,830
JBrowse link
G MAP2K6 mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 6 ISO RGD PMID:23157661 RGD:7495829 NCBI chr17:69,414,697...69,553,865
Ensembl chr17:69,414,697...69,553,865
JBrowse link

Term paths to the root
Path 1
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 18864
    Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms 9687
      Pathologic Processes 6785
        Death 148
          Brain Death 5
Path 2
Term Annotations click to browse term
  disease 18864
    disease of anatomical entity 17349
      nervous system disease 13439
        central nervous system disease 11499
          brain disease 10682
            disease of mental health 8196
              cognitive disorder 2682
                Consciousness Disorders 27
                  Unconsciousness 27
                    Coma 11
                      Brain Death 5
paths to the root


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.