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ONTOLOGY REPORT - ANNOTATIONS


Term:thylakoid
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Accession:GO:0009579 term browser browse the term
Definition:A membranous cellular structure that bears the photosynthetic pigments in plants, algae, and cyanobacteria. In cyanobacteria thylakoids are of various shapes and are attached to, or continuous with, the plasma membrane. In eukaryotes they are flattened, membrane-bounded disk-like structures located in the chloroplasts; in the chloroplasts of higher plants the thylakoids form dense stacks called grana. Isolated thylakoid preparations can carry out photosynthetic electron transport and the associated phosphorylation.
Comment:A thylakoid is not considered an organelle, but some thylakoids are part of organelles.
Synonyms:related_synonym: photosynthetic membrane
 xref: Wikipedia:Thylakoid
 never_in_taxon: NCBITaxon:33208 ! Metazoa


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  cellular_component 19843
    cellular anatomical entity 19457
      thylakoid 0
        bacterial thylakoid + 0
        cytochrome b6f complex 0
        organellar chromatophore thylakoid + 0
        photosynthetic membrane + 0
        plastid thylakoid + 0
        thylakoid lumen + 0
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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.