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Ontology Browser

Parent Terms Term With Siblings Child Terms
carbohydrate +   
Any member of the class of organooxygen compounds that is a polyhydroxy-aldehyde or -ketone or a lactol resulting from their intramolecular condensation (monosaccharides); substances derived from these by reduction of the carbonyl group (alditols), by oxidation of one or more hydroxy groups to afford the corresponding aldehydes, ketones, or carboxylic acids, or by replacement of one or more hydroxy group(s) by a hydrogen atom; and polymeric products arising by intermolecular acetal formation between two or more such molecules (disaccharides, polysaccharides and oligosaccharides). Carbohydrates contain only carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms; prior to any oxidation or reduction, most have the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n. Compounds obtained from carbohydrates by substitution, etc., are known as carbohydrate derivatives and may contain other elements. Cyclitols are generally not regarded as carbohydrates.
carbohydrate derivative +   
 alditol +   
 apulose +  
 deoxy sugar +   
 monosaccharide +   
nucleoside +   
 oligosaccharide +   
 polysaccharide +   

Exact Synonyms: carbohydrates
Related Synonyms: Kohlenhydrat ;   Kohlenhydrate ;   carbohidrato ;   carbohidratos ;   glucide ;   glucides ;   glucido ;   glucidos ;   hydrates de carbone ;   saccharide ;   saccharides ;   saccharidum
Alternate IDs: CHEBI:15131 ;   CHEBI:23008 ;   CHEBI:9318
Xrefs: Wikipedia:Carbohydrate

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.