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Ontology Browser

Term:
Parent Terms Term With Siblings Child Terms
cerebrum cancer +     
malignant glioma +     
astrocytoma +   
Neoplasms of the brain and spinal cord derived from glial cells which vary from histologically benign forms to highly anaplastic and malignant tumors. Fibrillary astrocytomas are the most common type and may be classified in order of increasing malignancy (grades I through IV). In the first two decades of life, astrocytomas tend to originate in the cerebellar hemispheres; in adults, they most frequently arise in the cerebrum and frequently undergo malignant transformation. (From Devita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2013-7; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1082)
brain glioma +   
brain stem glioma +   
cerebral hemisphere lipoma +  
cerebral lymphoma 
cerebral meningioma +  
cerebral neuroblastoma 
cerebral primitive neuroectodermal tumor 
cerebral ventricle cancer +   
childhood cerebral astrocytoma 
chordoid glioma +   
dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor  
Ependymomas +   
frontal lobe neoplasm 
gliosarcoma  
medulloblastoma +   
mixed glioma +  
occipital lobe neoplasm 
oligodendroglioma +   
optic nerve glioma +   
parietal lobe neoplasm +  
spinal cord glioma +  
temporal lobe neoplasm 

Synonyms
Exact Synonyms: Astrocytic tumor ;   Astrocytoma, NOS ;   Cerebral Astrocytoma ;   Cerebral Astrocytomas ;   Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma ;   Childhood Cerebral Astrocytomas ;   Gemistocytic Astrocytoma ;   Gemistocytic Astrocytomas ;   Grade I Astrocytoma ;   Grade I Astrocytomas ;   Grade II Astrocytoma ;   Grade II Astrocytomas ;   Intracranial Astrocytoma ;   Intracranial Astrocytomas ;   anaplastic astrocytoma ;   anaplastic astrocytomas ;   astrocytic brain tumor ;   astrocytic glioma ;   astrocytic gliomas ;   astrocytoma of Cerebrum ;   astrocytoma of brain ;   astrocytoma, no ICD-O subtype ;   astrocytomas ;   astroglioma ;   astrogliomas ;   juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma ;   juvenile pilocytic astrocytomas ;   mixed oligoastrocytoma ;   mixed oligoastrocytomas
Primary IDs: MESH:D001254
Alternate IDs: RDO:0000432
Xrefs: NCI:C4951 ;   NCI:C60781 ;   NCI:C6958
Definition Sources: MESH:D001254, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astrocytoma, http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/BrainCNSTumorsinAdults/DetailedGuide/brain-and-spinal-cord-tumors-in-adults-what-are-brain-spinal-tumors

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.