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Ontology Browser

Term:
Parent Terms Term With Siblings Child Terms
muscle adaptation +   
muscle contraction +   
muscle hypertrophy +   
The muscle system process that results in enlargement or overgrowth of all or part of a muscle organ due to an increase in the size of its muscle cells. Physiological hypertrophy is a normal process during development (it stops in cardiac muscle after adolescence) and can also be brought on in response to demand. In athletes cardiac and skeletal muscles undergo hypertrophy stimulated by increasing muscle activity on exercise. Smooth muscle cells in the uterus undergo hypertrophy during pregnancy.
regulation of muscle system process +   
relaxation of muscle +   

Synonyms
Xrefs: Wikipedia:Muscle_hypertrophy
Definition Sources: GOC:mtg_muscle

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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.