Two regions with differential growth-modulating activity in the N-terminal domain of ras GTPase-activating protein (p120GAP) src homology and Gly-Ala-Pro-rich regions.

Authors: Chang, JS  Kobayashi, M  Wang, DZ  Maruta, H  Iwashita, S 
Citation: Chang JS, etal., Eur J Biochem. 1995 Sep 15;232(3):691-9.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:7588705

Ras GTPase-activating protein of 120 kDa (p120GAP) consists of a hydrophobic Gly-Ala-Pro-rich stretch and src homology 2 and 3 (SH2/SH3) domains in the N-terminal half, and a Ras GTPase-activating domain at the C-terminus. In order to evaluate the potential for cell-growth regulation of the N-terminal region of p120GAP, we isolated three distinct clones of rat 3Y1 fibroblast that express either the SH2/SH3 regions alone, the N-terminal half, or the whole p120GAP. Clones that express the SH2-SH3-SH2 regions of 37 kDa (p37SH2/3) at a level of only 15-30% that of endogenous p120GAP, but not clones expressing complete p120GAP or its N-terminal half of 55 kDa (p55GAP-N), showed significant growth-enhancing properties, including a higher saturation density and increased uptake of 2-deoxyglucose. Clones expressing p37SH2/3 or p55GAP-N maintained high levels of tyrosine-phosphorylated p190 and p62, both of which bind the SH2 domain of p120GAP, while clones expressing the whole p120GAP showed no tyrosine phosphorylation of p62. Furthermore, in the presence of a phorbol ester, only the clones expressing p37SH2/3 showed increased tyrosine phosphorylation of p62 and c-fos expression. These clones also showed the ability of colony formation in soft agar. These results indicate that the N-terminal domain of p120GAP consists of two regions with differential growth-enhancing activities and suggest that the transforming potential of SH2/SH3 regions is blocked by the N-terminal hydrophobic Gly-Ala-Pro stretch.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10002727
Created: 2015-04-22
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-04-22
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.