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PDGF-induced glycosaminoglycan synthesis is mediated via phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase.

Authors: Liu, J  Fitzli, D  Liu, M  Tseu, I  Caniggia, I  Rotin, D  Post, M 
Citation: Liu J, etal., Am J Physiol. 1998 May;274(5 Pt 1):L702-13.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9612285

Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB has been shown previously to increase glycosaminoglycan (GAG) synthesis but not DNA synthesis in freshly isolated fetal lung fibroblasts. In the present study, we found that PDGF-BB also enhanced 35SO4 incorporation into the small, soluble proteoglycan biglycan without affecting biglycan's core protein mRNA expression, suggesting that PDGF-BB mainly affects GAG chain elongation and/or sulfation. PDGF-BB-stimulated GAG synthesis was abrogated by tyrphostin 9, a PDGF receptor-associated tyrosine kinase inhibitor, implying that the stimulatory effect is mediated via the PDGF beta-receptor (PDGFR). The intracellular signal transduction pathways that mediate PDGF-BB-stimulated GAG synthesis in fetal lung fibroblasts were investigated. On ligand-induced tyrosine phosphorylation, PDGFR associated with phospholipase C (PLC)-gamma 1, Ras GTPase activating protein (RasGAP), and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) but not with the Syp-growth factor receptor-bound protein 2-Son of Sevenless complex. Association of PDGFR with PLC-gamma 1 and RasGAP followed by their tyrosine phosphorylation failed, however, to activate PLC-gamma 1, protein kinase C (PKC), and Ras. Neither a PLC-gamma inhibitor, U-73122; a PKC inhibitor, calphostin C; nor a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitor, PD-98059, inhibited PDGF-BB-induced GAG synthesis. In contrast, PDGF-BB stimulation triggered PDGFR-associated PI3K activity. Both PDGF-BB-induced PI3K activation and GAG synthesis were abolished by the PI3K inhibitors wortmannin and LY-294002. The results suggest that PI3K is a downstream mediator of PDGF-BB-stimulated GAG synthesis in fetal rat lung fibroblasts.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10002728
Created: 2015-04-22
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-04-22
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.