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Multiple treatments with L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine modulate dopamine biosynthesis and neurotoxicity through the protein kinase A-transient extracellular signal-regulated kinase and exchange protein activation by cyclic AMP-sustained extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling pathways.

Authors: Park, KH  Park, HJ  Shin, KS  Lee, MK 
Citation: Park KH, etal., J Neurosci Res. 2014 Dec;92(12):1746-56. doi: 10.1002/jnr.23450. Epub 2014 Jul 12.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:25044243
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/jnr.23450

Multiple treatments with L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA; 20 microM) induce neurite-like outgrowth and reduce dopamine biosynthesis in rat adrenal pheochromocytoma (PC) 12 cells. We therefore investigated the effects of multiple treatments with L-DOPA (MT-LD) on cell survival and death over a duration of 6 days by using PC12 cells and embryonic rat midbrain primary cell cultures. MT-LD (10 and 20 microM) decreased cell viability, and both types of cells advanced to the differentiation process at 4-6 days. MT-LD induced cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) phosphorylation and exchange protein activation by cAMP (Epac) expression at 1-3 days, which led to transient extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) phosphorylation in both cells. In these states, MT-LD activated cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB; Ser133) and tyrosine hydroxylase (Ser40) phosphorylation in PC12 cells, which led to an increase in intracellular dopamine levels. In contrast, MT-LD induced prolonged Epac expression at 4-5 days in both cells, which led to sustained ERK1/2 phosphorylation. In these states, the dopamine levels were decreased in PC12 cells. In addition, MT-LD induced c-Jun N-terminal kinase1/2 phosphorylation and cleaved caspase-3 expression at 4-6 days in both cells. These results suggest that MT-LD maintains cell survival via PKA-transient ERK1/2 activation, which stimulates dopamine biosynthesis. In contrast, at the later time period, MT-LD induces differentiation via both prolonged Epac and sustained ERK1/2 activation, which subsequently leads to the cell death process. Our data demonstrate that L-DOPA can cause neurotoxicity by modulating the Epac-ERK pathways in neuronal and PC12 cells.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10041045
Created: 2015-05-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-05-08
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.