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The double-stranded RNA-binding protein Staufen 2 regulates eye size.

Authors: Cockburn, DM  Charish, J  Tassew, NG  Eubanks, J  Bremner, R  Macchi, P  Monnier, PP 
Citation: Cockburn DM, etal., Mol Cell Neurosci. 2012 Nov;51(3-4):101-11. doi: 10.1016/j.mcn.2012.08.008. Epub 2012 Aug 24.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:22940085
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.mcn.2012.08.008

Regulation of tissue size is a poorly understood process. Mammalian Staufen 2 (Stau2) is a double-stranded mRNA binding protein known to regulate dendrite formation in vitro as well as cell survival and migration in vivo. Three Stau2 isoforms have been identified in the brain of mammals. Here we show that all these Stau2 isoforms are also expressed in the developing eye of chicken embryos. Strikingly, ectopic expression of Stau2 was sufficient to increase eye size, suggesting a novel biological role of Stau2 in eye morphogenesis. Moreover, down regulation of Stau2 in vivo resulted in a small eye. Microphthalmia was not associated with either increased cell death or differentiation but with reduced cell proliferation. Rescue experiments showed that all three Stau2 isoforms present in the developing eye could prevent microphthalmia. Finally, we showed that Stau2 silencing decreased HES-1 and Sox-2 in the developing eye. These data highlight a new biological function for Stau2 and suggest that translation control of specific Stau2-associated transcripts may be a key regulator of tissue size.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10043154
Created: 2015-05-15
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-05-15
Status: ACTIVE



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