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Role of conserved threonine and tyrosine residues in acetylcholine binding and muscarinic receptor activation. A study with m3 muscarinic receptor point mutants.

Authors: Wess, J  Maggio, R  Palmer, JR  Vogel, Z 
Citation: Wess J, etal., J Biol Chem. 1992 Sep 25;267(27):19313-9.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:1527051

Structure-function relationship studies of the m3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor have recently identified a series of threonine and tyrosine residues (all located within the hydrophobic receptor core) that are critically involved in acetylcholine binding (Wess, J., Gdula, D., and Brann, M.R. (1991) EMBO J. 10, 3729-3734). To gain further insight into the functional roles of these amino acids, the agonist binding properties of six rat m3 muscarinic receptor point mutants, in which the critical threonine and tyrosine residues had been individually replaced by alanine and phenylalanine, respectively, were studied in greater detail following their transient expression in COS-7 cells. The binding profiles of a series of acetylcholine derivatives suggest that the altered threonine and tyrosine residues are primarily involved in the interaction of the acetylcholine ester moiety with the receptor protein. The two m3 receptor point mutants, Thr234----Ala and Tyr506----Phe, which showed the most pronounced decreases in acetylcholine binding affinities (approximately 40-60-fold as compared with the wild-type receptor), were stably expressed in CHO cells for further functional analysis. Both mutant receptors were found to be severely impaired in their ability to stimulate agonist-dependent phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis. Consistent with this observation, acetylcholine binding to the two mutant receptors was not significantly affected by addition of the GTP analog Gpp(NH)p (5'-guanylyl imidodiphosphate). Our data suggest that Thr234 and Tyr506 (located within transmembrane domains V and VI, respectively), which are conserved among all muscarinic receptors (m1-m5), may play an important role in agonist-induced muscarinic receptor activation.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10047264
Created: 2015-07-11
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-07-11
Status: ACTIVE



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