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Stimulation of annexin A5 expression by gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) in the Leydig cells of rats.

Authors: Yao, B  Kawaminami, M 
Citation: Yao B and Kawaminami M, J Reprod Dev. 2008 Aug;54(4):259-64. Epub 2008 May 27.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18504344

The distribution and regulation of annexin A5 expression, a gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor regulated protein in gonadotropes and luteal cells, in the testes of rats were examined. Immunocytochemical staining revealed high levels of annexin A5 in the Leydig and endothelial cells and lower levels in the primary spermatocytes and sperm. Hemicastration significantly increased the annexin A5 content of the remaining testis within 24 h. Annexin A5 immunoreactivity was increased mainly in interstitial tissues including the peritubular cells, while some spermatocytes also showed higher intensity of annexin A5 in the remaining testis. Administration of hCG (50 IU) enhanced the testicular content of annexin A5 after 24 h. This treatment expanded the area of interstitial tissue in the testis and increased annexin A5 immunoreactivity, but the area of the endothelial cells was unchanged. Similarly, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) enhanced annexin A5 expression in a primary culture of testis cells that consisted of mainly interstitial cells. Because GnRH stimulates the expression of annexin A5 in the gonadotropes and luteal cells, we examined the effect of GnRH on annexin A5 expression in the testes. We found that des-Gly10 [Pro9]-GnRH ethylamide (100 nM), a GnRH agonist, increased annexin A5 expression in cultured testis cells and that Cetrorelix (100 nM), a GnRH antagonist, inhibited the effect of hCG on annexin A5 expression. These results suggest that pituitary luteinizing hormone promotes annexin A5 synthesis in Leydig cells and that this effect could be mediated by local GnRH in the testis.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10053655
Created: 2015-07-17
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-07-17
Status: ACTIVE



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