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Age-associated changes in hypothalamic and pituitary neuroendocrine gene expression in the rat.

Authors: Kappeler, L  Gourdji, D  Zizzari, P  Bluet-Pajot, MT  Epelbaum, J 
Citation: Kappeler L, etal., J Neuroendocrinol. 2003 Jun;15(6):592-601.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12716410

A cDNA membrane array displaying 1183 probes was used to detect hypothalamic and pituitary changes in gene expression accompanying ageing and age-associated pituitary macroadenomas. Four groups of male Sprague-Dawley rats (3-, 15-, 24-month-old and 24-month-old with prolactinoma) were compared in two independent hybridizations. cDNA array data were confirmed and completed by comparative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction on selected genes. The expression of 454 and 116 mRNAs was detected in hypothalamus and pituitary, respectively. Growth hormone (GH) mRNA alone represented 85% of total gene expression in the gland of young rats, and other pituitary hormone transcripts 2.8%, while melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) mRNA, the most expressed neuropeptide transcript involved in neuroendocrine regulation, accounted for only 0.8% of total hypothalamic transcripts. The proportion of genes modified in the hypothalamus and pituitary was rather modest: 1.5% and 5.2%, respectively, for ageing per se, and 1.1% and 5.2% for age-associated macroprolactinomas. Among pituitary specific RNAs, GH mRNA expression was notably decreased with age. At the hypothalamic level, expression of genes directly involved in GH regulation, such as somatostatin and growth hormone-releasing hormone, was not altered, while neuropeptide transcripts involved in feeding behaviour [orexin/hypocretin, MCH, pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART)] were significantly altered. In addition, a few ubiquitous transcripts (hnRNP-K, PFKm, CCND 2, calponin and set) were differently affected in both tissues. Modifications in hypothalamic orexigenic (orexin, MCH) and anorexigenic (POMC, CART) gene expression are in keeping with an age-associated decrease in energy consumption but a higher one in the presence of macroprolactinomas.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10058970
Created: 2015-08-11
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-08-11
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.