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Inhibitory effects of emodin on the proliferation of cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cell-induced by angiotensin II.

Authors: Wang, S  Liu, Y  Fan, F  Yan, J  Wang, X  Chen, J 
Citation: Wang S, etal., Phytother Res. 2008 Feb;22(2):247-51.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17886230
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/ptr.2301

Rhubarb, used as a traditional Chinese medicine for centuries, offers therapeutic potential for cardiovascular and other diseases. Emodin, extracted from the root extract of rhubarb has sparked increasing interest for therapeutic application. The main objective was to study the effect of emodin on cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) proliferation induced by angiotensin II (Ang II) and the expression of proto-oncogene c-myc. VSMCs were cultured by the explant method, then incubated for 24, 48 and 72 h with emodin (10-80 microm) and Ang II, or were left untreated (control). Cell proliferation was measured by MTT assay and immunohistochemical staining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), respectively. The expression of c-myc was measured by immunohistochemical staining and image analysis technique. Ang II increased the cell proliferation compared with the control group (p < 0.01). The expression of PCNA and c-myc was increased compared with the control group (p < 0.01). After pretreatment with emodin, the above indexes were obviously reduced compared with the Ang II group (p < 0.01). These findings suggested that emodin inhibited VSMCs proliferation induced by Ang II. Inhibition of the expression of c-myc might be correlated with the inhibitory effects.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10059617
Created: 2015-08-20
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-08-20
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.