Identification of a molecular signature of sarcopenia.

Authors: Giresi, PG  Stevenson, EJ  Theilhaber, J  Koncarevic, A  Parkington, J  Fielding, RA  Kandarian, SC 
Citation: Giresi PG, etal., Physiol Genomics. 2005 Apr 14;21(2):253-63. Epub 2005 Feb 1.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15687482
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1152/physiolgenomics.00249.2004

Investigating the molecular mechanisms underlying sarcopenia in humans with the use of microarrays has been complicated by low sample size and the variability inherent in human gene expression profiles. We have conducted a study using Affymetrix GeneChips to identify a molecular signature of aged skeletal muscle. The molecular signature was defined as the set of expressed genes that best distinguished the vastus lateralis muscle of young (n = 10) and older (n = 12) male subjects, when a k-nearest neighbor supervised classification method was used in conjunction with a signal-to-noise ratio gene selection method and a holdout cross-validation procedure. The age-specific expression signature was comprised of 45 genes; 27 were upregulated and 18 were downregulated. This signature also correctly classified 75% of the muscle samples from young and older subjects published by an independent laboratory, based on their expression profiles. The signature revealed increased expression of several genes involved in mediating cellular responses to inflammation and apoptosis, including complement component C1QA, Galectin-1, C/EBP-beta, and FOXO3A, among others. The increased expressions of genes that regulate pre-mRNA splicing, localization, and modification of RNA comprise markers of the aging signature. Downregulated genes in the signature were the glutamine transporter SLC38A1, a TRAF-6 inhibitory zinc finger protein, and membrane-bound transcription factor protease S2P, among others. The sarcopenia signature developed here will be useful as a molecular model to judge the effectiveness of exercise and other therapeutic treatments aimed at ameliorating the effects of muscle loss associated with aging.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10401226
Created: 2015-10-02
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-10-02
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.