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Insulin signaling regulates gamma-glutamylcysteine ligase catalytic subunit expression in primary cultured rat hepatocytes.

Authors: Kim, SK  Woodcroft, KJ  Khodadadeh, SS  Novak, RF 
Citation: Kim SK, etal., J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Oct;311(1):99-108. Epub 2004 May 28.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15169830
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1124/jpet.104.070375

Decreased glutathione (GSH) levels and gamma-glutamylcysteine ligase (GCL) activity have been observed in diabetic patients, and insulin reportedly increases GSH synthesis via increased GCL catalytic subunit (GCLC) gene expression. The signaling pathways responsible for mediating insulin effects on GCLC expression and GSH levels, however, are unknown. The signaling pathways involved in the regulation of GSH synthesis in response to insulin were examined in primary cultured rat hepatocytes. GSH levels, GCL activity, GCLC protein, and mRNA levels were increased to 140, 160, 600, and 340% of that monitored in untreated cells, respectively, in hepatocytes cultured with 100 nM insulin. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors, wortmannin and LY294002 [2-(4-morpholinyl)-9-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one], dominant-negative Akt, or rapamycin, an inhibitor of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) and ribosomal p70 S6 kinase (p70S6K) phosphorylation, inhibited the insulin-mediated increase in GCLC protein and GSH levels. Although the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) extracellular signal-regulated kinase, p38 MAPK, and JNK (c-Jun N-terminal kinase) were activated in response to insulin, PD98059 (2'-amino-3'-methoxyflavone), an inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase, SP600125 (1,9-pyrazoloanthrone), an inhibitor of JNK, and SB203580 [4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-methylsulfinylphenyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)1H-imidazole], an inhibitor of p38 MAPK, failed to inhibit the insulin-mediated increase in GCLC protein levels. In conclusion, these data show that insulin signaling pathways involving PI3K/Akt/p70S6K, but not MAPKs, are active in the insulin-mediated regulation of GSH synthesis via increased GCLC expression.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10402381
Created: 2015-10-22
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-10-22
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.