Sex differences and left-right asymmetries in expression of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 receptors in developing rat hippocampus.

Authors: Hami, J  Sadr-Nabavi, A  Sankian, M  Haghir, H 
Citation: Hami J, etal., Brain Struct Funct. 2012 Apr;217(2):293-302. doi: 10.1007/s00429-011-0358-1. Epub 2011 Nov 1.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:22042446
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1007/s00429-011-0358-1

Sex differences and laterality of rat hippocampus with respect to insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and insulin receptor (InsR) expression as two important contributors to/regulators of developmental and cognitive functions were examined using real-time PCR and western blot analysis at P0, P7 and P14. Expression of the IGF-1R gene was lowest at P0 in all studied hippocampi. In males, we found the highest expression at P7 in the right hippocampus, and at P14 in the left one. In contrast, the peaked IGF-1R expression occurred at P7 in female hippocampi independent of laterality. Hippocampal InsR expression in males decreased significantly between P0 and P7, followed by a marked upregulation at P14. Conversely, the expression of InsR in females peaked at P7 and then decreased again significantly at P14. We found significant interhemispheric differences in IGF-1R mRNA levels in both male and female hippocampi at different time points. In contrast, we only found significant interhemispheric differences in InsR mRNA expression in P14 male rats, with higher values in the left hippocampus. Interestingly, changes in mRNA expression and in protein levels followed the same developmental pattern, indicating that IGF-1R and InsR transcription is not subject to modulatory effects during the first two weeks of development. These findings indicate that there are prominent interhemispheric and sex differences in IGF-1R and InsR expression in the developing rat hippocampus, suggesting a probable mechanism for the control of gender and laterality differences in development and function of the hippocampus.

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CRRD ID: 10403040
Created: 2015-11-05
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-11-05
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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.