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Prevalence of the ADAMTS-13 missense mutation R1060W in late onset adult thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

Authors: Camilleri, RS  Cohen, H  Mackie, IJ  Scully, M  Starke, RD  Crawley, JT  Lane, DA  Machin, SJ 
Citation: Camilleri RS, etal., J Thromb Haemost. 2008 Feb;6(2):331-8. Epub 2007 Nov 20.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18031293
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1538-7836.2007.02846.x

BACKGROUND: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is most commonly associated with deficiency or inhibition of von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease (ADAMTS-13) activity. ADAMTS-13 mutations and polymorphisms have been reported in childhood congenital TTP, but their significance in adult onset TTP remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify common ADAMTS-13 mutations in adults with late onset TTP and to investigate whether they may predispose acute clinical episodes of the disorder in adulthood. PATIENTS/METHODS/RESULTS: We detected a missense mutation (C3178T) in exon 24 of ADAMTS-13 in 6/53 (11.3%) adult onset TTP patients, but no normal controls (n = 100). Three of the patients had pregnancy-associated TTP; three had chronic relapsing acute idiopathic TTP. C3178T encodes an arginine to tryptophan (R1060W) substitution in the TSP1-7 domain of ADAMTS-13. In vitro expression of mutant and wild-type ADAMTS-13 demonstrated that R1060W caused severe intracellular retention of ADAMTS-13 (<5% secretion) without affecting its metalloprotease activity. One homozygous and five heterozygous patients were identified. No other causative mutations were discovered, yet all six patients had ADAMTS-13 activity levels <5% at presentation (normal: 66-126%). Antibodies/inhibitors to ADAMTS-13 were detected in three/five heterozygous patients, and all six patients had subnormal antigen levels. Six asymptomatic first-degree relatives, including those of two probands with antibodies, were also heterozygous for C3178T; all but one had subnormal ADAMTS-13 activity. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of R1060W ADAMTS-13 in adult onset TTP, together with its absence in childhood congenital TTP cases reported elsewhere, suggests it may be a factor in the development of late onset TTP.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10449043
Created: 2015-12-15
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-12-15
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.