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Potential for Recombinant ADAMTS13 as an Effective Therapy for Acquired Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura.

Authors: Tersteeg, C  Schiviz, A  De Meyer, SF  Plaimauer, B  Scheiflinger, F  Rottensteiner, H  Vanhoorelbeke, K 
Citation: Tersteeg C, etal., Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2015 Nov;35(11):2336-42. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.115.306014. Epub 2015 Sep 3.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:26338302
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1161/ATVBAHA.115.306014

OBJECTIVE: The metalloprotease ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) regulates the size of von Willebrand factor multimers. A deficiency in ADAMTS13 activity is associated with the life-threatening disease thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). The vast majority of patients have acquired TTP, where circulating anti-ADAMTS13 autoantibodies are causative for the decreased ADAMTS13 activity. Current treatment consists of plasma exchange, but improved therapies are highly warranted. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We have developed a new rat model mimicking various aspects of acquired TTP to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of human recombinant ADAMTS13. A polyclonal antibody against ADAMTS13 completely blocked endogenous rat ADAMTS13 activity in Sprague-Dawley rats. When TTP was triggered using recombinant von Willebrand factor, the animals displayed severe TTP-like symptoms, such as thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, and von Willebrand factor-rich thrombi in the kidneys and brain. Subsequent injection of 400, 800, or 1600 U/kg recombinant ADAMTS13 prevented full development of these symptoms. Analysis of plasma samples confirmed that recombinant ADAMTS13 was able to override circulating anti-ADAMTS13 inhibitory antibodies, resulting in restoration of ADAMTS13 activity and degradation of ultralarge von Willebrand factor multimers. CONCLUSIONS: Recombinant ADAMTS13 was shown to be effective in averting severe acquired TTP-like symptoms in rats and holds promising value for the treatment of this severe and life-threatening disease in humans.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10449097
Created: 2015-12-16
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2015-12-16
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.