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Protective effects of a protein-bound polysaccharide, PSK, on Candida albicans infection in mice via tumor necrosis factor-alpha induction.

Authors: Ohmura, Y  Matsunaga, K  Motokawa, I  Sakurai, K  Ando, T 
Citation: Ohmura Y, etal., Int Immunopharmacol. 2001 Sep;1(9-10):1797-811.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11562071

We investigated the protective mechanism of a protein-bound polysaccharide, PSK, against lethal infection with Candida albicans (C. albicans) in mice. (1) In BALB/c mice inoculated intravenously with C. albicans, the intraperitoneal (ip) administration of PSK increased survival rates and prolonged the survival period depending on the time of administration, the dosage, and the size of fungal inoculum; the maximal effect was obtained when PSK 250 mg/kg was ip administered to mice 24 h before inoculation of 1 x 10(6) C. albicans (30 days survivors showed 60% and the mean survival period of mice with fatal infection increased 209%). (2) The protective effect of PSK was significantly decreased in mice treated with cyclophosphamide or carrageenan, or in mice treated previously with anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) antibody. (3) The administration of PSK significantly enhanced the expression of TNF-alpha gene in spleen and increased leukocyte functions from 6 h to 1 day after inoculation. (4) When the PSK fraction subjected to hydrolysis with beta1-3 glucanase or hydrazine was used instead of PSK, the anti-fungal activities were significantly decreased. These findings suggested that the protective effect of PSK on lethal C. albicans infection in mice was mainly produced via TNF-alpha functions, and that beta 1-3 glucan and protein moiety in PSK molecule were involved in the expression of the activities.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10449457
Created: 2016-01-05
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-01-05
Status: ACTIVE



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