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Specific antagonism of PDGF prevents renal scarring in experimental glomerulonephritis.

Authors: Ostendorf, T  Kunter, U  Grone, HJ  Bahlmann, F  Kawachi, H  Shimizu, F  Koch, KM  Janjic, N  Floege, J 
Citation: Ostendorf T, etal., J Am Soc Nephrol. 2001 May;12(5):909-18.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11316849

Glomerular mesangial cell proliferation and/or mesangial matrix accumulation characterizes many progressive renal diseases. Rats with progressive mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis were treated from day 3 to day 7 after disease induction with a high-affinity oligonucleotide aptamer antagonist against platelet-derived growth factor-B chain (PDGF-B). In comparison with nephritic rats that received vehicle or a scrambled aptamer, treatment with the PDGF-B aptamer led to a significant reduction of mesangioproliferative changes, glomerular hypertrophy, podocyte damage, and glomerular macrophage influx on day 8. Both nephritic control groups subsequently developed progressive proteinuria and decreased renal function. On day 100, glomerulosclerosis, tubulointerstitial damage, glomerular and interstitial accumulation of types III and IV collagen, and overexpression of transforming growth factor-beta were widespread. All of these chronic changes were prevented in rats that received the PDGF-B aptamer, and their functional and morphologic parameters on day 100 were largely indistinguishable from non-nephritic rats. These data provide the first evidence for a causal role of PDGF in the pathogenesis of renal scarring and point to a new, highly effective therapeutic approach to progressive, in particular mesangioproliferative, renal disease.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10449490
Created: 2016-01-07
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-01-07
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.