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Expression of platelet-derived growth factor B-chain and beta-receptor in hypoxic/ischemic encephalopathy of neonatal rats.

Authors: Ohno, M  Sasahara, M  Narumiya, S  Tanaka, N  Yamano, T  Shimada, M  Hazama, F 
Citation: Ohno M, etal., Neuroscience. 1999 May;90(2):643-51.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10215166

Expression of platelet-derived growth factor B-chain and of its specific receptor (beta-receptor) was investigated in immature brains with hypoxic/ischemic injury. After the left common carotid arteries of seven-day-old rats were ligated and pups were placed in a hypoxic chamber, the protein and messenger RNA of both B-chain and beta-receptor were assessed using immunocytochemistry and northern analysis, respectively. Transcripts for B-chain were localized by in situ hybridization. Faint but definite expression of B-chain and beta-receptor was seen in the brains of untreated neonatal controls. Three to 48 h after hypoxia B-chain protein was generally increased above control levels, but focally decreased expression was seen in infarcted areas. Enhanced induction of messenger RNA of B-chain was seen in the both sides of cerebral cortices and hippocampi at 3 h. Strongly increased positivity for B-chain protein and mRNA occurred in the neurons surrounding the infarct. In situ hybridization still showed this up-regulation seven days after hypoxia. Beta-receptor protein expression was enhanced in some neurons immediately surrounding the infarct at 3 h of hypoxia, and marked up-regulation was seen at 16 h. Beta-receptor messenger RNA remained at control levels. Immunocytochemistry showed strong immunoreactivity for the beta-receptor on the neurons surrounding the infarct at 72 h. These results indicate that a neonatal hypoxic/ischemic insult induces neuronal up-regulation of the platelet-derived growth factor B-chain as well as beta-receptor immediately after hypoxia. While this up-regulation is relatively transient in most neurons, sublethal damage to neurons immediately surrounding an infarct induces sustained up-regulation. Through autocrine and paracrine mechanisms, platelet-derived growth factor B-chain molecules may act as a neuroprotective factor in immature brain experiencing with hypoxic/ischemic injury.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10449494
Created: 2016-01-07
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-01-07
Status: ACTIVE



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