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Antisense oligonucleotides for PDGF-B and its receptor inhibit mechanical strain-induced fetal lung cell growth.

Authors: Liu, M  Liu, J  Buch, S  Tanswell, AK  Post, M 
Citation: Liu M, etal., Am J Physiol. 1995 Aug;269(2 Pt 1):L178-84.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:7653578

An intermittent mechanical strain regimen, which simulates fetal breathing movements, has been shown to enhance DNA synthesis and cell division of fetal rat lung cells. The signaling mechanism through which the physical stimulus is transduced is unknown. Herein, we report that mechanical strain (5% elongation, 60 cycles/min) of fetal lung cells, cultured in a three-dimensional environment provided by Gelfoam sponges, increased the mRNA levels of platelet-derived growth factor B (PDGF-B) and beta-receptor (PDGF-beta-R) within 5 min of the onset of strain. Both PDGF-BB and PDGF-beta-R proteins were increased after a 24-h intermittent strain (15 min/h). Phosphorothioate antisense PDGF-B oligonucleotides (ON) at 15 microM abolished the strain-enhanced DNA synthesis and cell growth. Scrambled PDGF-B ON had no such effect. A neutralizing PDGF-BB antibody (10 micrograms/ml) also attenuated strain-induced DNA synthesis. Furthermore, the strain-induced stimulatory effect on DNA synthesis of fetal lung cells was blocked by tyrphostin 9 (1 microM), a PDGF receptor-associated tyrosine kinase inhibitor, but not by its inactive structural analogue tyrphostin 1. Antisense but not sense PDGF-beta-R ON (10 microM) also abrogated the strain-enhanced DNA synthesis. These results suggest that physical forces such as fetal breathing movements regulate fetal lung cell growth by controlling PDGF-B and PDGF-beta-R gene expression.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10449502
Created: 2016-01-07
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-01-07
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.