Association between the genetic polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase (GSTM1 and GSTT1) and the clinical manifestations in sickle cell anemia.

Authors: De Oliveira Filho, RA  Silva, GJ  De Farias Domingos, I  Hatzlhofer, BL  Da Silva Araujo, A  De Lima Filho, JL  Bezerra, MA  Martins, DB  De Araujo, RF 
Citation: de Oliveira Filho RA, etal., Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2013 Aug;51(2):76-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2013.03.003. Epub 2013 Apr 13.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:23590899
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.bcmd.2013.03.003

The hereditary deficiency of antioxidant enzymes when associated with sickle cell anemia (SCA) further contributes to the oxidation of hemoglobin S, which increases the formation of degradation products of this hemoglobin. The glutathione S transferases play an important role in the conjugation of glutathione to endogenous products of peroxidation of lipids and protect cells from the deleterious effects of oxidative stress. We analyzed genomic DNA from 278 patients with sickle cell anemia to correlate the genotypes GSTT1 and/or GSTM1 null (determined by multiplex PCR technique) and the clinical manifestations of the disease. 27% of patients showed absence of the GSTM1 gene and 15% had absence of GSTT1. The GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes were found in 11% of the population. The risk of individuals with the GSTT1 null genotype developing acute chest syndrome and aseptic necrosis of the femoral head were, respectively, 10 and 6.3 times higher when compared with those individuals who had of this gene. Patients with GSTM1 null showed a risk 3.9 times higher to develop stroke and high risk for malleolar ulcers and acute chest syndrome (OR=6.9 and 4.2, respectively). The individuals with the GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes showed a higher chance of developing acute chest syndrome, malleolar ulcer and aseptic necrosis of the femoral head. The absence of GSTT1 and/or GSTM1 was an important risk factor for increasing the morbidity of SCA, especially in regard to acute chest syndrome.

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CRRD ID: 10450838
Created: 2016-01-21
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-01-21
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.