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Glutathione S-transferase P1 mRNA expression in plasma cell disorders and its correlation with polymorphic variants and clinical outcome.

Authors: Stella, F  Weich, N  Panero, J  Fantl, DB  Schutz, N  Fundia, AF  Slavutsky, I 
Citation: Stella F, etal., Cancer Epidemiol. 2013 Oct;37(5):671-4. doi: 10.1016/j.canep.2013.07.004. Epub 2013 Aug 14.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:23953887
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.canep.2013.07.004

BACKGROUND: Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) is an important phase II enzyme involved in detoxification of carcinogens. GSTP1 gene overexpression has been observed in a variety of human cancers but there are no studies in plasma cell disorders. The aim of this study was to examine GSTP1 mRNA expression level in multiple myeloma (MM) and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). In addition, we have determined GSTP1 polymorphic variants in order to estimate MM risk and their relationship with the expression level. Results were also correlated with laboratory parameters and clinical outcome. METHODS: Bone marrow mononuclear cells from 125 patients with plasma cell disorders were studied. Peripheral blood samples of 110 age and sex matched healthy controls were also evaluated. Real-Time Quantitative RT-PCR and PCR-RFLP assays were used. RESULTS: Upregulation of GSTP1 was observed in 37.7% MM and in 22.6% MGUS patients. A significant increase of GSTP1 expression in MM with respect to MGUS was detected (p=0.0427). Most MM patients that achieved complete remission had low transcription levels (77.8%) compared to those who did not reach this condition (44.4%) (p=0.0347). GSTP1 heterozygous carriers showed reduced expression compared to those with homozygous wild type genotype (p=0.0135). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest, for the first time, a role for GSTP1 expression in development and/or progression of plasma cell disorders, and a probable influence of functional capacity of the enzyme on clinical outcome. These results and those of the literature support GSTP1 as an interesting tumor marker and a potential therapeutic target.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 10755413
Created: 2016-01-27
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-01-27
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.