Submit Data |  Help |  Video Tutorials |  News |  Publications |  FTP Download |  REST API |  Citing RGD |  Contact   

New mutation in erythroid-specific delta-aminolevulinate synthase as the cause of X-linked sideroblastic anemia responsive to pyridoxine.

Authors: Kucerova, J  Horvathova, M  Mojzikova, R  Belohlavkova, P  Cermak, J  Divoky, V 
Citation: Kucerova J, etal., Acta Haematol. 2011;125(4):193-7. doi: 10.1159/000322870. Epub 2011 Jan 20.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:21252495
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1159/000322870

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Congenital sideroblastic anemias (SA) are characterized by the presence of ringed sideroblasts in the bone marrow. The most common form is X-linked SA, which results from mutations in erythroid-specific delta-aminolevulinate synthase (ALAS2), the first enzyme in heme biosynthesis. In addition, autosomal recessive mutations in the erythroid-specific mitochondrial transporter SLC25A38 and glutaredoxin 5 (GLRX5) have recently been identified in SA patients with isolated erythroid phenotype. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 5 young males with congenital SA from the Czech Republic. Mutation analysis was performed on the complete coding regions of 3 candidate genes (ALAS2, SLC25A38 and GLRX5), and the enzyme activity of ALAS2 was measured by a continuous spectrophotometric assay. RESULTS: We found the previously published R452H and R452C ALAS2 mutations in 3 patients. A novel K156E substitution in ALAS2 was discovered in 1 pyridoxine-responsive patient. The functional study showed that this substitution severely decreases ALAS2 enzyme activity. In 1 pyridoxine-refractory patient, no mutations were detected in ALAS2, SLC25A38 or GLRX5. CONCLUSION: Our report extends the list of known ALAS2 mutations, with the addition of a novel K156E substitution that is responsive to pyridoxine treatment and contributes to the general knowledge of congenital SA cases characterized worldwide.


Disease Annotations
Phenotype Annotations
Objects Annotated

Additional Information

CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 11035244
Created: 2016-02-12
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-02-12
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.