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Fine mapping of chromosome 22 breakpoints within the breakpoint cluster region (bcr) implies a role for bcr exon 3 in determining disease duration in chronic myeloid leukemia.

Authors: Grossman, A  Silver, RT  Arlin, Z  Coleman, M  Camposano, E  Gascon, P  Benn, PA 
Citation: Grossman A, etal., Am J Hum Genet. 1989 Nov;45(5):729-38.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:2683759

The chromosomal translocation that fuses the phl gene with the c-abl proto-oncogene appears to be a pivotal step in the pathogenesis of some leukemias. In chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) the breakage within the phl gene is largely confined to a 5.8-kb segment referred to as the breakpoint cluster region (bcr). To determine whether the presence of specific bcr exons on the Philadelphia chromosome has any clinical significance, we have analyzed the bcr breakpoints in 134 patients with CML. As many as five probes were used in this analysis, including a synthetic oligonucleotide probe homologous to the bcr exon 3 (phl exon 14) region. The distribution of breakpoints indicates that, in fact, breakage is largely confined to a 3.1-kb segment lying between bcr exon 2 and exon 4 (phl exons 13-15). In 61 CML patients analyzed within 1 year of diagnosis, the distribution of breakpoints appeared to be random within the 3.1-kb region. However, a significant excess of 5' breakpoints was observed in the total population studied, consistent with previous data showing that patients with 3' breakpoints have shorter disease durations. Analysis using the bcr exon 3 sequence probe indicated it was probably the presence or absence of bcr exon 3 on the Philadelphia chromosome that accounts for some of the variability in disease duration seen in CML. The data suggest that the phl/abl protein product may influence the timing of the onset of blast crisis and imply a continuing role for this protein during the evolution of the disease.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 11038776
Created: 2016-02-25
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-02-25
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.