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A point mutation in glycoprotein IX coding sequence (Cys73 (TGT) to Tyr(TAT)) causes impaired surface expression of GPIb/IX/V complex in two families with Bernard-Soulier syndrome.

Authors: Noda, M  Fujimura, K  Takafuta, T  Shimomura, T  Fujii, T  Katsutani, S  Fujimoto, T  Kuramoto, A  Yamazaki, T  Mochizuki, T  Matsuzaki, M  Sano, M 
Citation: Noda M, etal., Thromb Haemost. 1996 Dec;76(6):874-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8972003

Bernard-Soulier syndrome (BSS) is a rare inherited bleeding disorder which is caused by abnormal expression or function of the glycoprotein (GP) Ib/IX/V complex, a platelet major receptor for von Willebrand factor. We studied four BSS patients in two unrelated families in which the same and novel mutation was found. Flow cytometric analysis showed that GPIX was completely absent but residual amounts of GPIb alpha and GPV were detectable in these patients. We analyzed all coding regions of GPIb alpha, GPIb beta, GPV and GPIX which were amplified from the patients' genomic DNA by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In all four cases, we identified a point mutation in the GPIX coding region that changes the codon for cysteine 73 (TGT) to a codon for tyrosine (TAT). Furthermore, we confirmed by a transient expression study that the mutation caused the loss of adequate surface expression of GPIX. Since cysteine might be important for the secondary structure, this mutation of GPIX gene would lead to a dramatic conformational change of GPIX protein, resulting in the reduced surface expression. We concluded that this novel point mutation of the GPIX gene was responsible for BSS in these families.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 11040531
Created: 2016-03-09
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-03-09
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.