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Up-regulated endogenous erythropoietin/erythropoietin receptor system and exogenous erythropoietin rescue retinal ganglion cells after chronic ocular hypertension.

Authors: Fu, QL  Wu, W  Wang, H  Li, X  Lee, VW  So, KF 
Citation: Fu QL, etal., Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2008 Feb;28(2):317-29. Epub 2007 Jun 7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17554621
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1007/s10571-007-9155-z

AIMS: Recent studies have showed that erythropoietin (EPO) is a neuroprotectant for central nerve system neurons in addition to being a hematopoietic cytokine in response to hypoxia. In this study, we investigate the role of the EPO/EPO receptor (EPOR) system in the rat retina after ocular hypertension injury that mimics glaucoma. METHODS: Elevated intraocular pressure was induced by laser coagulation of the episcleral and limbal veins. Expression of EPO and EPOR in the normal and glaucomous retinas was investigated by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. To examine the effects of endogenous EPO on the survival of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) subjected to hypertensive injury, soluble EPOR was directly injected into the vitreous body. Recombinant human EPO was both intravitreally and systemically administrated to study the effect of exogenous EPO on the survival of RGCs after ocular hypertension injury. RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry studies identified Muller cells as the main source of EPO in the normal retina. Expression of EPO and EPOR proteins was increased significantly 2 weeks after ocular hypertension. RGCs, amacrine and bipolar cells all demonstrated an increased expression of EPOR after ocular hypertension. Neutralization of endogenous EPO with soluble EPOR exacerbated ocular hypertensive injury, suggesting a role of the EPO/EPOR system in the survival of RGCs after injury. Similarly, topical and systemic administration of recombinant human EPO rescues RGCs after chronic ocular hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that an endogenous EPO/EPOR system participates in intrinsic recovery mechanisms after retina injury and RGCs might be rescued by exogenous administration of EPO.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 11041649
Created: 2016-03-25
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-03-25
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.