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Fas/Fas-ligand expressions in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes.

Authors: Hirano, T  Hiratsuka, N  Iwahori, T  Oka, K  Wakasugi, K 
Citation: Hirano T, etal., Res Commun Mol Pathol Pharmacol. 2003;113-114:315-28.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15686130

Increased expressions of Fas and Fas-ligand (Fas-L) in bone marrow cells of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) have been reported, and large number of these "cell-death signals" might explain molecular basis for exacerbation of apoptosis in marrow cells of these syndromes. However, expression of these molecules or progression of apoptosis in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in MDS has little been investigated. In the present study, we compared expression of these cell-death molecules and percentages of apoptotic cells in PBMCs between MDS patients and healthy subjects. PBMCs were obtained from 7 MDS patients and 8 age-matched healthy controls. Five out of 7 patients were MDS with refractory anemia (RA) type, while the other 2 were MDS-RA with excess of blasts (MDS-RAEB) type. Percentages of PBMCs expressing Fas, Fas-L, and phosphatidylserine as a cell apoptosis-marker were determined by staining cells with FITC-labeled anti-CD95 (Fas) antibody, biotinyl anti Fas-L antibody, and annexin V, respectively. The cells were subsequently analyzed with flow cytometry. The mean (SD) percentage of Fas-expressing PBMCs in MDS group was 55.3 (13.9), whereas the value in healthy subjects was 30.6 (8.8) %, and thus the ratio of Fas positive cells in PBMCs of MDS was significantly higher than that of healthy subjects (p < 0.002). In contrast, the mean (SD) of Fas-L expressing PBMCs in MDS (n=5) was 18.4 (12.2) %, which was significantly lower (p < 0.02) than that in healthy subjects (34.4 +/- 8.1%; n=7). The mean (SD) of apoptotic PBMCs detected as annexin V-positive, non-necrotic cells in MDS (n=7) was 23.3 (7.5) %, which was not significantly different from that in healthy subjects (22.2 +/- 7.8%; n=8). Thus, PBMCs in MDS express high levels of Fas, whereas they conversely exhibit low levels of Fas-L, which may result in prevention of apoptosis by the death signals, and in cell-survival in these cells.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 11049448
Created: 2016-04-06
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-04-06
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.