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Expression of tissue factor and tissue factor pathway inhibitor in rats lungs with lipopolysaccharide-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation.

Authors: Hara, S  Asada, Y  Hatakeyama, K  Marutsuka, K  Sato, Y  Kisanuki, A  Sumiyoshi, A 
Citation: Hara S, etal., Lab Invest. 1997 Dec;77(6):581-9.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9426395

Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a frequent complication of endotoxin shock, and modulation of endothelial cell hemostatic properties has been proposed to play an important role in its onset. We examined the in vivo expression of tissue factor (TF) and TF pathway inhibitor (TFPI) in rat lungs of a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced DIC model. Light and electron microscopic studies showed that fibrin-rich thrombi were present in the pulmonary microvasculature 3 hours after intraperitoneal injection of LPS (7.5 mg/kg) and increased in number at 6 hours. In an immunohistochemical study, an increase in number of monocytes in the microvasculature was observed after LPS injection, and many of these cells (> 90%) were positive for TF antigen. However, no TF expression in endothelial cells was detected. Pulmonary endothelial cells showed positive reaction for TFPI antigen before LPS injection, but TFPI-positive endothelial cells markedly decreased in number after LPS injection. mRNA expression of TF increased and that of TFPI decreased in the lung tissue 3 and 6 hours after LPS injection. High values of TF activity were detected in the lung tissue and plasma, whereas TFPI activities decreased after LPS injection. These results indicate that imbalance between TF and TFPI, overexpression of TF, and underexpression of TFPI in the lung may contribute to thrombus formation in this LPS-induced DIC model.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 11060265
Created: 2016-04-20
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-04-20
Status: ACTIVE



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