A knock-in mouse model of human PHD2 gene-associated erythrocytosis establishes a haploinsufficiency mechanism.

Authors: Arsenault, PR  Pei, F  Lee, R  Kerestes, H  Percy, MJ  Keith, B  Simon, MC  Lappin, TR  Khurana, TS  Lee, FS 
Citation: Arsenault PR, etal., J Biol Chem. 2013 Nov 22;288(47):33571-84. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M113.482364. Epub 2013 Oct 11.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:24121508
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1074/jbc.M113.482364

The central pathway for controlling red cell mass is the PHD (prolyl hydroxylase domain protein):hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) pathway. HIF, which is negatively regulated by PHD, activates numerous genes, including ones involved in erythropoiesis, such as the ERYTHROPOIETIN (EPO) gene. Recent studies have implicated PHD2 as the key PHD isoform regulating red cell mass. Studies of humans have identified erythrocytosis-associated, heterozygous point mutations in the PHD2 gene. A key question concerns the mechanism by which human mutations lead to phenotypes. In the present report, we generated and characterized a mouse line in which a P294R knock-in mutation has been introduced into the mouse Phd2 locus to model the first reported human PHD2 mutation (P317R). Phd2(P294R/+) mice display a degree of erythrocytosis equivalent to that seen in Phd2(+/-) mice. The Phd2(P294R/+)-associated erythrocytosis is reversed in a Hif2a(+/-), but not a Hif1a(+/-) background. Additional studies using various conditional knock-outs of Phd2 reveal that erythrocytosis can be induced by homozygous and heterozygous knock-out of Phd2 in renal cortical interstitial cells using a Pax3-Cre transgene or by homozygous knock-out of Phd2 in hematopoietic progenitors driven by a Vav1-Cre transgene. These studies formally prove that a missense mutation in PHD2 is the cause of the erythrocytosis, show that this occurs through haploinsufficiency, and point to multifactorial control of red cell mass by PHD2.

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CRRD ID: 11251767
Created: 2016-06-22
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-06-22
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.