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In situ detection of tissue factor within the coronary intima in rat cardiac allograft vasculopathy.

Authors: Holschermann, H  Bohle, RM  Zeller, H  Schmidt, H  Stahl, U  Fink, L  Grimm, H  Tillmanns, H  Haberbosch, W 
Citation: Holschermann H, etal., Am J Pathol. 1999 Jan;154(1):211-20.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9916935
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/S0002-9440(10)65267-4

Cardiac allograft vasculopathy is a major cause of morbidity and mortality of cardiac transplant recipients. The underlying cause of this disease remains unclear. Histological studies have implicated accelerated hemostasis and intravascular fibrin deposition in its pathogenesis. In the present study a defined model of this disease in the rat was used to elucidate the implication of tissue factor in the production of the hypercoagulable state observed in cardiac allograft vessels. Tissue factor protein and mRNA expression were studied in rat heart allografts developing allograft vasculopathy resembling human disease. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated tissue-factor-positive cells present in the allograft coronary intima and adventitia. Significant staining for tissue factor was detected in the endothelium lining coronary lesions in cardiac allografts and in interstitial mononuclear cells, respectively. Both transplant coronary endothelial cells and mononuclear cells contained tissue factor mRNA as indicated by oligo-cell reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction after laser-assisted cell picking. In contrast, tissue factor mRNA and protein were not or negligibly detectable within the coronary intima of nontransplanted control hearts. Thus, the present study clearly demonstrates that aberrant tissue factor expression occurs within the coronary intima after cardiac transplantation. Tissue factor, activating downstream coagulation mechanisms, may account for the intravascular clotting abnormalities observed in cardiac allografts and may represent a key factor in transplant atherogenesis.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 11341701
Created: 2016-06-30
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-06-30
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.