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Calreticulin mutations in Chinese with primary myelofibrosis.

Authors: Li, B  Xu, J  Wang, J  Gale, RP  Xu, Z  Cui, Y  Yang, L  Xing, R  Ai, X  Qin, T  Zhang, Y  Zhang, P  Xiao, Z 
Citation: Li B, etal., Haematologica. 2014 Nov;99(11):1697-700. doi: 10.3324/haematol.2014.109249. Epub 2014 Jul 4.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:24997152
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.3324/haematol.2014.109249

We tested 357 Chinese with primary myelofibrosis for mutations in CALR, JAK2 and MPL. CALR mutations were detected in 76 subjects (21%). There were 24 (32%) type-1 (L367fs*46) and 49 (64%) type-2 (K385fs*47) mutations. Seventy-two of 168 subjects (43%) without a JAK2 or MPL mutation had a CALR mutation. Subjects with a type-2 CALR mutation had lower hemoglobin concentrations (P=0.001), lower WBC counts (P<0.001), a higher percentage of blood blasts (P=0.009), and higher conventional (P<0.001) and Chinese-adjusted Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (P<0.001) scores compared with subjects with JAK2 mutations. Subjects with a type-2 CALR mutation were also likely to have abnormal platelet levels (<100 x 10(9)/L, P=0.01 or >450 x 10(9)/L, P=0.042) and no splenomegaly (P=0.004). Type-2 CALR mutation or no detectable mutation was an independent high-risk factor for survival in multivariate analyses. These data suggest the ratio between type-1 and type-2 mutations is reversed in Chinese with primary myelofibrosis compared with populations of subjects with primary myelofibrosis of predominately European descent. The unfavorable prognostic impact of CALR mutations in Chinese with primary myelofibrosis is only seen in those with type-2 mutations. These data underscore the need to evaluate the prognostic impact of genetic mutations in different populations.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 11352753
Created: 2016-07-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-07-19
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.