Interaction of hemoglobin E and several forms of alpha-thalassemia in Cambodian families.

Authors: Fucharoen, S  Sanchaisuriya, K  Fucharoen, G  Panyasai, S  Devenish, R  Luy, L 
Citation: Fucharoen S, etal., Haematologica. 2003 Oct;88(10):1092-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:14555303

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe hematologic and molecular characterization of the interaction of hemoglobin (Hb) E and several forms of alpha-thalassemia causing complex thalassemia syndromes in two Cambodian families as well as to establish a rapid polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for simultaneous detection of Hb Constant Spring (CS) and Hb Pakse' (PS). DESIGN AND METHODS: Using PCR and DNA sequencing, the alpha- and beta-globin genotypes were examined. Clinical and hematologic data were assessed. A multiplex asymmetric allele-specific PCR for differential diagnosis of HbCS and HbPS was developed and validated. RESULTS: Eight genotypes including heterozygous HbCS, heterozygous HbPS, double heterozygous HbE/HbPS, double heterozygous HbE/alpha-thalassemia 2, triple heterozygous HbE/alpha-thalassemia /HbPS, homozygous HbE/alpha-thalassemia 2, compound alpha-thalassemia 2/HbCS and a hitherto undescribed compound HbCS/HbPS were found in these two families. Genotype-phenotype relationships are discussed and successful application of a multiplex PCR system for differential diagnosis of HbCS and HbPS is described. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: The interaction of several globin gene abnormalities in Cambodian families emphasizes the high frequencies of thalassemia and hemoglobinopathies. Identification of HbPS suggests that this mutation might be common and underestimated among South-east Asian populations. A simplified PCR assay for simultaneous detection of HbCS and HbPS would facilitate characterization of these genotypes in both the clinical setting and population screening programs in the region.

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CRRD ID: 11353869
Created: 2016-07-25
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-07-25
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.