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The Wnt5a/Ror2 pathway is associated with determination of the differentiation fate of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in vascular calcification.

Authors: Xin, H  Xin, F  Zhou, S  Guan, S 
Citation: Xin H, etal., Int J Mol Med. 2013 Mar;31(3):583-8. doi: 10.3892/ijmm.2013.1242. Epub 2013 Jan 15.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:23337931
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.3892/ijmm.2013.1242

Accumulating evidence have demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are involved in the initiation and progression of various vascular diseases. Canonical Wnt signaling controls the fate of MSCs, and plays an important role in vascular calcification. However, vascular calcification can be inhibited by the non-canonical Wnt signaling pathway Wnt5a/Ror2. This study aimed to investigate whether the Wnt5a/Ror2 pathway is associated with determination of the differentiation fate of MSCs in vascular calcification. Direct co-cultures were established by seeding smooth muscle cells (SMCs) or calcified SMCs and MSCs together at ratios of SMCs or calcified SMCs 15x104; SMCs or calcified SMCs 5x104: MSCs 10x104, SMCs or calcified SMCs 10x104: MSCs 5x104. Osteosynthesis-inducing medium (OS) was added to the culture medium in the groups of MSCs with non-calcified SMCs. Cells were cultured for nine days. Osteoblastic differentiation was evaluated by cell morphology and the activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in cell lysates and ALP staining. Furthermore, we investigated the inhibition of Wnt signaling, and observed that the members of the non-canonical signaling pathway Wnt5a/Ror2 were expressed in each group. Additionally, MSCs cultured in culture media with OS did not differentiate into an osteoblast phenotype when in direct contact with non-calcified SMCs, irrespective of the number of MSCs. However, an osteoblast phenotype was observed when MSCs were cultured in media without OS differentiation towards direct contact with calcified SMCs, and the levels of osteoblastic markers had a direct correlation with the number of MSCs. Of note, the Wnt5a protein was associated with the levels of calcification, thus, although rarely detected in non-calcification, Ror2 mRNA in the non-calcified groups was significantly higher compared to that in the calcified groups. Therefore, the Wnt5a/Ror2 pathway is associated with determination of the differentiation fate of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in vascular calcification.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 11537369
Created: 2016-10-03
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2016-10-03
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.