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Mitochondrial dynamics associated with oxygen-glucose deprivation in rat primary neuronal cultures.

Authors: Wappler, Edina A  Institoris, Adam  Dutta, Somhrita  Katakam, Prasad V G  Busija, David W 
Citation: Wappler EA, etal., PLoS One. 2013 May 2;8(5):e63206. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0063206. Print 2013.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:23658809
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0063206

Our objective was to investigate the mitochondrial dynamics following oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) in cultured rat cortical neurons. We documented changes in morphology, protein expression, and DNA levels in mitochondria following OGD and examined the roles of mitochondrial fission [dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), fission protein-1 (Fis1)] and fusion [mitofusin-1 (Mfn1), mitofusin-2 (Mfn2), and optic atrophy-1 protein (OPA1)] proteins on mitochondrial biogenesis and morphogenesis. We tested the effects of two Drp1 blockers [15-deoxy-¿12,14-Prostaglandin J2 (PGJ2) and Mitochondrial Division Inhibitor (Mdivi-1)] on mitochondrial dynamics and cell survival. One hour of OGD had minimal effects on neuronal viability but mitochondria appeared condensed. Three hours of OGD caused a 60% decrease in neuronal viability accompanied by a transition from primarily normal/tubular and lesser number of rounded mitochondria during normoxia to either poorly labeled or small and large rounded mitochondria. The percentage of rounded mitochondria remained the same. The mitochondrial voltage-dependent anion channel, Complex V, and mitoDNA levels increased after OGD associated with a dramatic reduction in Drp1 expression, less reduction in Mfn2 expression, an increase in Mfn1 expression, with no changes in either OPA1 or Fis1. Although PGJ2 increased polymerization of Drp1, it did not reduce cell death or alter mitochondrial morphology following OGD and Mdivi-1 did not protect neurons against OGD. In summary, mitochondrial biogenesis and maintained fusion occurred in neurons along with mitochondrial fission following OGD; thus Mfn1 but not Drp1 may be a major regulator of these processes.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 12738215
Created: 2017-01-30
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2017-01-30
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.