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Glutathione s-transferase m1, t1, and p1 gene polymorphism in exudative age-related macular degeneration: a preliminary report.

Authors: Oz, O  Aras Ates, N  Tamer, L  Yildirim, O  Adiguzel, U 
Citation: Oz O, etal., Eur J Ophthalmol. 2006 Jan - Feb;16(1):105-110. doi: 10.5301/EJO.2008.3524.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:28221473
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.5301/EJO.2008.3524


PURPOSE: To elucidate whether the gene polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1, T1, and P1 are associated with the development of exudative age-related macular degeneration.
METHODS: The authors genotyped 35 white patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration and 159 healthy controls. Genomic DNA from peripheral blood was examined using polymerase chain reaction and defined for the genetic polymorphisms of GST.
RESULTS: No association was observed between GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 polymorphisms and age-related macular degeneration risk (p>0.05). The frequencies of the combination of the GSTM1 (null) and GSTP1 (mutant), GSTM1 (null), and GSTT1 (null) genotype polymorphisms in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration differed greatly from those of the control group (p=0.001 OR [95% CI]: 7.70 [2.28-25.98] and p=0.007 OR [95% CI]: 3.88 [1.51-10.02], respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that the GSTM1 (null) and GSTT1 (null), GSTM1 (null), and GSTP1 (mutant) combinations may be a genetic risk factor for the development of exudative age-related macular degeneration. However, the potential role of GST polymorphisms as a marker of susceptibility to age-related macular degeneration needs further studies in a larger number of patients. (Eur J Ophthalmol 2006; 16: 105-10).

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 12792224
Created: 2017-03-10
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2017-03-10
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.